Garmisch-Partenkirchen station

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Garmisch-Partenkirchen station
Operations
Category 3 [1]
Type Through station
Platforms in use 5
DS100 code MGP [2]
Station code 2014
Construction and location
Opened 25 July 1889
Location Garmisch-Partenkirchen
State Bavaria
Country Germany
Home page
47°29′29″N 11°05′49″E / 47.49145°N 11.09701°E / 47.49145; 11.09701
Route information
List of railway stations in Bavaria

Garmisch-Partenkirchen station (German: Landshut (Bayern) Hauptbahnhof ) is a junction station in the German State of Bavaria. It is the biggest station in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. It has five platform tracks and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 3 station.[1] The station has about 50 services daily operated by DB Regio and some long-distance services operated by Deutsche Bahn. It is on the lines connecting Munich and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Innsbruck (the Mittenwald Railway) and Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Kempten (the Ausserfern Railway).

History[edit]

The station was established on 25 July 1889 as the terminus of a branch line from Munich opened by Lokalbahn AG. It was initially connected to Munich by four to six pairs of trains daily.[3] On 1 July 1912, was the line was extended with the opening of the Mittenwald Railway and Garmisch-Partenkirchen was now a through station. The line was electrified in the course of the extension of the Mittenwald line to Innsbruck, opened on 25 April 1913. In May 1913, the Ausserfern Railway was opened from Reutte to the station. This was electrified from the start.

A special feature for decades was the operational stop for Austrian through trains between Innsbruck and Reutte. This was necessary so that trains could reverse direction in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, but passengers were not allowed on or off, which would have required customs and immigration clearance until the implementation of the Schengen Agreement.

Description[edit]

Looking towards Mittenwald

The station lies between the two districts of Garmisch in the west and Partenkirchen in the east. The railway yards are located at Garmisch area. The Partnach flows between the station and Partenkirchen. The station area is bordered to the east by Bahnhofstraße and to the west by Weitfelderstraße and Olympiastraße. Sankt-Martin-Straße passes through an underpass under the station area. The entrance building was modernised and renovated in the late 1990s and it is located on the eastern side of the railway facilities towards Partenkirchen. Its address is 31 Bahnhofstraße.

In addition to the home platform, there are two more platforms. Behind it there are five tracks for train parking and freight operations.

The platforms are covered and accessible via lifts and stairways. The platform roofs were renewed from October 2009 to January 2011 and the platforms were fitted with tactile paving. The station building includes shops and a ticket office. It is served by the public bus network.

Rail services[edit]

Garmisch-Partenkirchen is served by several Intercity-Express services operated by Deutsche Bahn as well as Regionalbahn and peak RegionalExpress services operated by DB Regio towards the Mittenwald, Innsbruck, Reutte and Munich. It should be noted that both types of regional trains are faster between Munich and Garmisch Partenkirchen than the ICE services (up to 20 minutes faster).

Line Route Frequency
ICE 25 LübeckHamburgHanoverGöttingenKassel-WilhelmshöheWürzburgNurembergMunichGarmisch-Partenkirchen One pair of services
ICE 28 BerlinLeipzigJena Paradies – Nuremberg – Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen (– Innsbruck) Individual services
ICE 41 DortmundEssenDüsseldorfCologneFrankfurt – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen One pair of services
RB Munich – Tutzing – Weilheim – Murnau – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Mittenwald (– Innsbruck) Hourly
RE Munich – Weilheim – Murnau – Garmisch-Partenkirchen - Mittenwald Hourly during the peak
RB Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Ehrwald Zugspitzbahn – Reutte in Tirol Every two hours

The following local buses (operated by the municipal utility) and regional bus lines (Oberbayernbus ) stop at or near the station:

Line Type Route
1 Local bus Klinikum – Bahnhof – Marienplatz – Äußere Maximilianstraße
2 Local bus Klinikum – Bahnhof – Marienplatz – Kreuzeck (Alpspitzbahn)
3/4 Local bus Farchant – Friedhof Partenkirchen – Wankbahn – Bahnhof – Marienplatz – Burgrain – Farchant
3/5 Local bus Farchant – Burgrain – Marienplatz – Bahnhof – Wankbahn – Friedhof Partenkirchen – Farchant
EVG 'White-blue bus' Sebastianskirche – Bahnhof – Marienplatz – GrainauEibsee
9606 Regional bus Garmisch-Partenkirchen Post/BfOberauOberammergau (– Echelsbach BridgeFüssen/Wieskirche)
9608 Regional bus Garmisch-Partenkirchen Post/BfMittenwaldKrünWallgau (– Kochel am See)
BEX Berlin bus line Berlin – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Mittenwald

Bavarian Zugspitze Railway[edit]

Garmisch Zugspitz station

In the immediate neighbourhood, the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway (Bayerische Zugspitzbahn, BZB) has operated since 1929 a separate terminal station, called Garmisch station. Unofficially, it is sometimes called Zugspitze station (Zugspitzbahnhof). Since a restoration, it consists of only one track (without a number) with platforms on both sides, a siding at the entrance to the station and an entrance building at the end of the track.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  3. ^ "History of Garmisch-Partenkirchen" (in German). Retrieved 27 January 2012.