Garoowe

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Garowe
Garoowe
غاروي
City
Garocity.jpg
Garowe is located in Somalia
Garowe
Garowe
Location in Somalia.
Coordinates: 8°24′N 48°29′E / 8.400°N 48.483°E / 8.400; 48.483Coordinates: 8°24′N 48°29′E / 8.400°N 48.483°E / 8.400; 48.483
Country

 Somalia

Region Nugal
District Garowe
Government
 • Mayor Abdiaziz Nur Elmi Koor
Population
 • Total 57,300
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Garowe (Somali: Garoowe, Arabic: غاروي‎)[1] is the administrative capital of the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

The area was ruled in the early modern period by the Majeerteen Sultanate. It would later be incorporated into Italian Somaliland.

Garowe is located in the Nugal province, and is the seat of the regional parliament, the presidential palace and government ministries. A fast-growing city, it has also evolved into a local media and cultural hub.

History[edit]

During the 19th century, Garowe and much of northeastern Somalia were an integral part of the Majeerteen Sultanate, ruled by Boqor Osman Mahamud, cousin of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

A residential area in Garowe.

The city would later be incorporated into Italian Somaliland during the colonial period.

Following independence, Garowe was made a district center of Bosaso. The city would subsequently be reassigned in the early 1970s as the regional capital of an area consisting of Las Anod and Eyl. Straddling the Nugal Valley, this new administrative division would be named Nugal.[2]

Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991, a homegrown constitutional conference was held in Garowe in 1998 over a period of three months. Attended by the area's political elite, traditional elders (Issims), members of the business community, intellectuals and other civil society representatives, the autonomous Puntland State of Somalia was subsequently officially established so as to deliver services to the population, offer security, facilitate trade, and interact with both domestic and international partners.[3]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Garowe is situated in northeastern Somalia, in the heart of the Puntland region. Nearby settlements include to the east Gillab (4.8 nm), to the northeast Qalqalooc (15.3 nm), to the north Libaax Seexay (2.5 nm), to the northwest Geida Debabo (12.2), to the west Bixin (5.9 nm), to the southwest Lugo (6.0 nm), to the south Salaxley (5.3 nm), and to the southeast War Weytan (9.7 nm).[4][5] The largest cities in the country most proximate to Garowe are Qardho (205 km),[6] Galkayo (216 km) and Erigavo (275 km).[7] Shimbiris, the highest peak in Somalia, is located some 293 km to the northwest in the Cal Madow mountain range.[7]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Garowe is generally hot and dry. Coldest average temperatures occur during the winter months of November to February, when thermometer readings range from 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F). The weather slowly heats up in the spring, as the April rainy season begins. Average temperatures later reach a maximum of around 41 °C over the summer period. Come September, a gradual fall chill starts to set in again.[8]

Climate data for Garowe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
34
(93)
39
(102)
41
(106)
41
(106)
38
(100)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
33.9
(93)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
26
(79)
27
(81)
30
(86)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
26.7
(80)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
15
(0.59)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
33
(1.3)
20
(0.79)
15
(0.59)
14
(0.55)
5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
133
(5.25)
Source: AccuWeather[8]

Administration[edit]

The former presidential palace in Garowe.

Garowe is the third largest city in Puntland after Bosaso and Galkayo. Situated in the Nugal province in the geographical center of the region, it is the seat of the regional parliament, the presidential palace and government ministries.

The municipal administration is currently led by Abdiaziz Nur Elmi Koor. He was appointed Mayor in September 2009.[9]

On November 19, 2012, a ceremony was held in one of Garowe's government districts to mark the opening of the new local Corrections Academy and Headquarters. The event was inaugurated by former Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole and Vice President Abdisamad Ali Shire, along with a UNODC delegation. A multi-tiered security complex, the compound features classrooms, staff quarters and offices. A new bureau for the Puntland Ministry of Justice and Rehabilitation was also opened. Additionally, the officials laid down the foundation for a new prison facility that is being constructed in the city.[10] They later did the same in January 2013 for a new Ministry of Civil Aviation and Airports office. The area also features the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Health buildings, as well as the Puntland State House.[11] A new presidential palace was likewise opened on April 16, 2013.[12]

On 8 January 2014, the Puntland presidential elections were held in the city, with former Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Mohamed Ali voted into office.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Garowe has a population of around 57,300 inhabitants.[14] The broader Garowe District has a total population of 57,991 residents.[15] As with most of Puntland, it is primarily inhabited by Somalis from the Harti Darod clan confederation, particularly the Majeerteen.[16]

Education[edit]

A computer classroom in Puntland State University's Garowe campus.

Garowe has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 30 primary schools in the Garowe District. Among these are Alxikma, Mayle, Wabari and Darwiish, named after Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State.[17] Secondary schools in the area include Alwaha, Gambol, Nawawi and Nugal High.[18]

Puntland State University's main campus is also located here. The school grew out of the Garowe School of Management, a women's college in Garowe offering courses in business management, accounting, computer skills and business English. Following the graduation of 60 pupils in its inaugural year, the school was expanded to observe a two-year structure and renamed the Puntland Community College (PCC). In 2004, the PCC again expanded its syllabus, this time offering four-year programs; it was also renamed to Puntland State University (PSU).[19]

Other institutions of higher learning in the city include the Garowe Teachers Education College (GTEC), a primary teachers' training center that caters to the larger region. East Africa University (EAU) also has a Garowe branch, one of its seven campuses in Puntland.[20]

Services[edit]

A public library in Garowe.

A number of NGOs also have their main offices in the city, including the local Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC). The PDRC plays a key role in research and funding for the development of peace and effective governance initiatives in Puntland.

Additionally, the Puntland Agency For Social Welfare (PASWE) is headquartered here. Founded in May 2009 by the regional administration, it provides medical, educational and counseling support to vulnerable groups and individuals such as orphans, the disabled and the blind. PASWE is overseen by a board of directors, which consists of religious scholars (ulema), businesspeople, intellectuals and traditional elders.[21]

Garowe is served by one major medical institution, Garowe Regional Hospital, in addition to numerous smaller health clinics. In 2008, the foundations were laid for the construction of a new general hospital, built with assistance from the Somali Manhal agency.[22] Additionally, in conjunction with the Italian government, the Puntland authorities opened another hospital in the city.[23] In 2009, a local non-profit organization also established the region's first mental health facility.[21]

A new Amal Express money transfer branch in Garowe.

On April 22, 2013, the Puntland Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources officially inaugurated a new fish market in Garowe. Constructed in conjunction with the UK authorities and the UNDP, it is part of a larger regional development plan which will see two other similar marketplaces launched within the year in Galkayo and Qardho.[24]

On March 19, 2014, the Puntland Chamber of Commerce oversaw a launching event in Garowe for the construction of a new Iftin Bank. The function was attended by Somali business community officials and tycoons, whom the Chamber of Commerce Chairman Saed Hussein Eid encouraged to invest within the region. Highlighting Puntland's commercial potential, its natural resources and large reserves, the regional Minister of Commerce also expressed support for entrepreneurs with investments earmarked for the petroleum, livestock and agriculture sectors.[25]

In June 2014, the Puntland government launched a new tree-planting campaign in the state, with the regional Ministry of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism slated to plant 25,000 trees by the end of the year. Garowe is among the seven cities and towns earmarked for the reforestation initiative, which also include Bosaso, Dhahar, Qardho, Buuhoodle, Baran and Galkayo. The campaign is part of a broader partnership between the Puntland authorities and EU to set up various environmental protection measures in the region, with the aim of promoting reforestation and afforestation.[26]

Transportation[edit]

Roadside view of a neighborhood in Garowe.

Garowe is traversed by a 750 km north–south highway. It connects major cities in the northern part of the country, such as Bosaso and Galkayo, with towns in the south.[27] In 2012, the Puntland Highway Authority (PHA) completed rehabilitation work on the central artery linking Garowe with Galkayo.[28] The transportation body also began an upgrade and repair project in June 2012 on the large Garowe–Bosaso Highway. Additionally, plans are in the works to construct new roads connecting littoral towns in the region to the main thoroughfare.[29]

Local air transport needs are served by Garowe International Airport, a major new airport situated about 12 km from the city center. It was officially opened in 2010 under the aegis of the Ministry for Civil Aviation and Airports. The first phase of the airport's construction was completed through a public-private partnership over a period of seven years, with the Garowe-based Mubarak construction company having assisted significantly in completing the project. The airport also attempts to adhere to the air transport standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).[30]

Sports[edit]

Garowe is home to Mire Aware Stadium, a sporting facility with a crowd capacity of over 15,000 spectators. In 2010, it hosted the Somali National Football Tournament, the first nation-wide football competition held since 1987 and the ensuing outbreak of the civil war. Organized by the Puntland administration in conjunction with the Somali Football Federation, the tournament also marked the first time that the event was held outside of Mogadishu.[31]

Media[edit]

Various media organizations are based in Garowe. Puntland TV and Radio have offices in the city.[23]

Radio Garowe, the sister outlet to Garowe Online, is also centered here. In May 2013, the broadcaster launched an additional FM station in Bosaso.[32] Radio Daljir, Puntland's largest radio station, also has a studio in Garowe, with its main headquarters in Bosaso.[33] The broadcaster's network of 7 FM transmitters reaches most of Puntland as well as part of the neighboring Galmudug region to the south.

Accommodation[edit]

Entrance to the Meka Hotel in Garowe.

Additionally, Garowe has various places of accommodation. Among these hotels and guest houses is the Meka Hotel, situated downtown.

Districts[edit]

Garowe is subdivided into several administrative districts:

  • 1da August
  • Hantiwadaag
  • Hilaac
  • Hodan
  • Horseed
  • Israac
  • Waaberi
  • Wadajir

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ الاتحاد الأفريقي يرحب بالاتفاق الذي تم التوصل إليه في مؤتمر غاروي الثاني حول دستور الصومال; English translation
  2. ^ Africa research bulletin: Political, social, and cultural series, Volumes 10-11, Africa Research Ltd: 1973), p.2721.
  3. ^ Somalia: Puntland's Experience in Peace-building and State-building
  4. ^ "Garoowe, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Qalqalooc, Somalia". Falling Rain. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Distance from Garowe to Gardo". DistanceFrom. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Garoowe". Weather-Forecast. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Garoowe, Somalia - Weather". AccuWeather. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Garowe's New Mayor Takes Office
  10. ^ "Somalia: Puntland leader inaugurates two new government centers". Garowe Online. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Somalia: Puntland VP Lays Foundation Rock for New Ministry of Civil Aviation Building". Garowe Online. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "Somalia: President Farole inaugurates new presidential palace". Garowe Online. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "Somalia: Parliament elects Dr. Abdiweli Gaas as new Puntland President". Garowe Online. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "Somalia City & Town Population". Tageo. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)". UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  16. ^ James Minahan, Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: L-R, (Greenwood Publishing Group: 2002), p.1145.
  17. ^ "Puntland - Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  18. ^ "Puntland - Secondary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  19. ^ Puntland State University - History and Background
  20. ^ "A programme for improving governance, leadership and management capacity of the three health authorities in Somalia". Mannion Daniels Limited. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  21. ^ a b "Somalia: Puntland leader launches welfare agency". Garowe Online. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "http://www.garoweonline.com/artman2/publish/Somalia_27/Somalia_A_new_hospital_for_Puntland_capital_as_security_improves_printer.shtml". Garowe Online. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Somalia: Italy pledges revival of stalled projects to Puntland". Garowe Online. 27 October 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Somalia: New Fish Market opens in Garowe". Garowe Online. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  25. ^ "Somalia: Puntland Chamber of Commerce calls for investment". Garowe Online. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Somalia: World Environment Day celebrated in Puntland, Govt calls for tree plantation". Garowe Online. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  27. ^ The First 100 Days in Office
  28. ^ "Puntland to rehabilitate Bosaso-Qardo road". Sabahi. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  29. ^ "Puntland to upgrade Bosaso-Garowe highway". Sabahi. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  30. ^ Garowe International Airport Opened
  31. ^ Mogadishu team wins Somalia football cup held in Puntland
  32. ^ "Somalia: Radio Garowe launches new FM station in Bossaso". Garowe Online. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Radio Daljir". Radio Station World. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 

External links[edit]