|• Total||120 km2 (50 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||51% Male 49% Female ♂/♀|
Garoth is a city in the Malwa region and district of Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is the administrative headquarters of Garoth District.
The city has an area of 9,791 km². The district is part of the Malwa region, and is bounded by Neemuch District to the north, Rajasthan state to the east and west and It is part of Ujjain Division
Garoth city forms the northern projection of Madhya Pradesh from its western Division, i.e., Ujjain Commissioner's Division
As of 2012[update] India census, Garoth had a population of 1,89,729. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Garoth has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 50%. In Garoth, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
People from all communities are living here like khati,porwal,agrawal..etc. largest no. of population according to communities khatis are the top.
cities covered are Bardiya Amera, Pawati, Boliya, Kotda Bujurg, KalaKheda, Shamghar, Agar, Chachawadha pathari, Melkheda, Nariya, SathKheda, and other small villages and tehsils.
Schools and Colleges
Swami Vivekanand High Schol, Shard convent, vidhya vinay mandir, sarasvati shishu mandir, new vision, bright future, shiv narayan institrute of science,arts and commerce, shiv narayan institute-II, Govt. boys Higher sec. school, Govt. Girls higher sec. school, Shri Ram vidhya pit, Garoth Public school.
Local hospitals and clinics include:- Indira Gandhi Hospital,
The climate of this district is generally dry except in south-west monsoon. Year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from December to February. This is followed by the hot season from March to the middle of June. Thereafter the south west monsoon season starts and continues up to about the middle of September. The average annual rainfall in the District is 786.6 mm. The rainfall in the Districts in the region round about Sitamau- Mandsaur- Malhargarh, and in general increases in the northern part of the District from the west towards the east. The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded at any station in the District was 323.9 mm. at Garoth on 1945 June 29. In District there is rapid increase in temperatures after February . May is generally the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 39.80 C. and the mean daily minimum at 25.40 C. Days are intensely hot in summer and hot dust-laden winds which below during this season add to the discomfort. On individual days in the summer session and in June before the onset of the monsoon the day temperatures often go up above 45 C. January is the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 35 C. and mean daily minimum at 9 C.
Garoth district is rich in archaeological and historical heritage. The most common language is Malvi (Rajasthani and Hindi Mixed).
Gandhi Sagar dam
Gandhisagar Dam is situated at a distance of 60 km. from the city headquarter. The Dam is constructed on the Chambal River. Foundation stone for the construction of Gandhi Sagar Dam / Power Station in the District was laid by the Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on the 7th March, 1954. The work was started in 1957 in the power station, while power generation and its distribution commenced in November, 1960. The total expenditure on the construction of Gandhi Sagar Dam and Power Station was about Rs. 18 Crores 40 Lakhs. The expenditure on construction of Power Station was Rs. 4 Crores 80 Lakhs.
Gandhi Sagar Power Station is 65 meter long and 56 feet wide.The Power Station has five turbines of 23 M.W. capacity, thus having a total installed capacity of 115 M.W.
The Gandhi Sagar Power Station now supplies electricity throughout the District. Besides meeting the power requirements in the District, electricity from this power house is supplied to such far off places in the Madhya Pradesh and in Rajasthan state.
Dharma rajeshwar Temple
It has the 9th century monolithic temple of Dharmarajeshwara, carving it out of solid natural rock. The temple is carved out of a rock of size 50 metre in length, 20 metre in width and 9 metre deep. It has a sanctum with a Sabhamandapa and porch. The spire of the shrine is in the north Indian style. The architecture of Dharmarajesvara temple can be compared with Kailash Temple of Ellora. There is a big temple in the middle 14.53 metre in length and 10 metre in width. Around the main temple there are seven small temples. There is a big Shivalinga in the main temple along with a statue of Vishnu. Engraved on the entrance gate are figures of Vishnu and Lakshami. There are statues of Bhairava, Kali, Shiva, Garuda and Parvati. The temple seems to be devoted to both Shiva and Vishnu. A grand fair is organized at Dharmrajeshwar temple on the occasion of Shivaratri every year when large number of people gather from the nearby areas. The town Chandwasa itself also contains an old medieval temple which was later on destroyed and converted into a patchwork mosque, its door-frame finding place in the Museum at Indore.
The most important and interesting monuments at Dhamnar are the Rock cut caves and temples. They are cut into the coarse laterite rock of the southern hill. There is a series of fourteen the 7th century rock-cut Buddhist Caves with monasteries and Stupas, cut in a hill called Chandanagiri in ancient times and giving its name to the neighbouring town of Chandwasa (Chandanavasa).
A Stone Wheel for Mortar making at Dharmrajeshwar These caves were first noticed by James Tod who gave a number of caves to be 170 and indicated them to be belonging to Jain culture. He identified five statues as those of tirthankaras: Rishabhadeva, Neminath, Parshavanath, Shantinath and Mahavira. The local people consider these statues to be of the five Pandavas. Later these were visited by Alexander Cunningham, Ferguson and Henry Kajins who disagreed with Tod. Dr Ferguson counted number of caves to be 60-70. Alexander Cunningham was also in agreement with Dr Ferguson. Ferguson considers the period of construction of caves from 408-475 AD. The important caves at Dhamnar are as under: Badi kachahari - Cave number 6 is known by the name of Badi kachahari. There is a grand mandapa on four pillars in the cave. chatya is in the back. Badi kachahari is a large chaitya hall with pillared portion in front enclosed by a stone railing. Chhoti kachahari - Cave number 8 is known by the name of Chhoti kachahari. Kamini mahal or Rajlok - Cave number 11 is known by the name of Kamini mahal or Rajlok. Bhim Bazar - Cave number 1 is known by the name of Bhim Bazar. it is the largest of Dhanmar caves. It consists of an open porch or vrandah with a copule of rooms in the rear.the rectangular court has a chaitya in the centre enclosed on three sides by rows of small cells each side having a smaller chapel in the central cell. The sculptures include seated Buddhas. Hathi bandhi - Cave number 12 is known by the name of Hathi bandhi. Chhota Bazar - Cave number 13 is known by the name of Chhota Bazar. This is considered best of all the caves. In a big hall in north of this cave is a small devalaya in which is housed an 8 feet high statue of Buddha.
Chamunda Mata Temple
Chamunda (Sanskrit: चामुण्डा, Cāmuṇḍā), also known as Chamundi, Chamundeshwari and Charchika, is a fearsome aspect of Devi, the Hindu Divine Mother and one of the seven Matrikas (mother goddesses). She is also one of the chief Yoginis, a group of sixty-four or eighty-one Tantric goddesses, who are attendants of the warrior goddess Durga. The name is a combination of Chanda and Munda, two monsters whom Chamunda killed. She is closely associated with Kali, another fierce aspect of Devi. She is sometimes identified with goddesses Parvati, Chandi or Durga as well. The goddess is often portrayed as haunting cremation grounds or fig trees. The goddess is worshipped by ritual animal sacrifices along with offerings of wine and in the ancient times, human sacrifices were offered too. Originally a tribal goddess, Chamunda was assimilated in Hinduism and later entered the Jain pantheon too. Though in Jainism, the rites of her worship include vegetarian offerings, and not the meat and liquor offerings.
Shri Kaleshwar Temple
Shri Kaleshwar Mandir is a large Hindu temple in Garoth city. It is dedicated to the village deity, Shri Kaleshwar, who is also called Kaloba. The temple dates back 700 to 800 years, when, according to legend, a Brahmin dug into the ground and discovered a natural lingam, an emblem of Shiva. The temple was founded on that spot, and the lingam is now enshrined in the temple's sanctum sanctorum. The most important festival at Shri Kaleshwar Mandir is the five-day Maha Shivaratri Utsav, in which the idol of Kaleshwar is drawn out of the temple in its chariot. The festival is accompanied by a fair and attracts visitors from great distances. Other festivals include Maghi Ganesh Utsav, celebrated in the month of Magh, and Navratri Utsav.
Ambe Mata Temple
Ambaji mata temple is a major Shakti Peeth of India.In the holy temple of "Arasuri Ambaji", there is no image or statue of goddess the holy "Shree Visa Yantra" is worshiped as the main deity. No one can see the Yantra with naked eye. the photography of the Yantra is prohibited. The original seat of Ambaji mata is on gabbar hilltop in the town. A large number of devotees visit the temple every year specially on Purnima days. A large mela on Bhadarvi poornima (full moon day) is held. Every Year from all over the country people come here walking all over from their native place just to worship MAA AMBE in July. The whole Ambaji is lighted up as the whole nation lights up at the festive time of Diwali.
Tourists from North-East India, wrapped in sarongs and shawls, visit the Taj Mahal. Traditional Indian society is defined by a relatively strict social hierarchy. The Indian caste system embodies much of the social stratification and many of the social restrictions found in the Indian subcontinent. Social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed as jātis, or "castes". India declared untouchability illegal in 1947 and has since enacted other anti-discriminatory laws and social welfare initiatives, albeit numerous reports suggest that many Dalits ("ex–Untouchables") and other low castes in rural areas continue to live in segregation and face persecution and discrimination. Family values are important in the Indian tradition, and multi-generational patriarchal joint families have been the norm in India, though nuclear families are becoming common in urban areas. An overwhelming majority of Indians, with their consent, have their marriages arranged by their parents or other family members. Marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is extremely low. Child marriages are common, especially in rural areas; more than half of women in India wed before reaching 18, which is their legal marriageable age. Many Indian festivals are religious in origin; among them are Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Thai Pongal, Navaratri, Holi, Durga Puja, Eid ul-Fitr, Bakr-Id, Christmas, and Vaisakhi. India has three national holidays which are observed in all states and union territories: Republic Day, Independence Day, and Gandhi Jayanti. Other sets of holidays, varying between nine and twelve, are officially observed in individual states. Traditional Indian dress varies in colour and style across regions and depends on various factors, including climate and faith. Popular styles of dress include draped garments such as the sari for women and the dhoti or lungi for men. Stitched clothes, such as the shalwar kameez for women and kurta–pyjama combinations or European-style trousers and shirts for men, are also popular. Use of delicate jewellery, modelled on real flowers worn in ancient India, is part of a tradition dating back some 5,000 years; gemstones are also worn in India as talismans. Indian cuisine features an unsurpassed reliance on herbs and spices, with dishes often calling for the nuanced usage of a dozen or more condiments; it is also known for its tandoori preparations. The tandoor, a clay oven used in India for almost 5,000 years, grills meats to an "uncommon succulence" and produces the puffy flatbread known as naan. The staple foods are wheat (predominantly in the north), rice (especially in the south and the east), and lentils. Many spices that have worldwide appeal are native to the Indian subcontinent, while chili pepper, native to the Americas and introduced by the Portuguese, is widely used by Indians. Āyurveda, a system of traditional medicine, used six rasas and three guṇas to help describe comestibles. Over time, as Vedic animal sacrifices were supplanted by the notion of sacred-cow inviolability, vegetarianism became associated with high religious status and grew increasingly popular, a trend aided by the rise of Buddhist, Jain, and bhakti Hindu norms. India has the world's highest concentration of vegetarians: a 2006 survey found that 31% of Indians were lacto vegetarian, and another 9% were ovo-lacto vegetarianism. Common traditional eating customs include meals taken on or near the floor, caste and gender-segregated dining, and a lack of cutlery in favour of the right hand or a piece of roti.
In India, several traditional indigenous sports remain fairly popular, among them kabaddi, kho kho, pehlwani and gilli-danda. Some of the earliest forms of Asian martial arts, such as kalarippayattu, musti yuddha, silambam, and marma adi, originated in India. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and the Arjuna Award are the highest forms of government recognition for athletic achievement; the Dronacharya Award is awarded for excellence in coaching. Chess, commonly held to have originated in India as chaturaṅga, is regaining widespread popularity with the rise in the number of Indian grandmasters. Pachisi, from which parcheesi derives, was played on a giant marble court by Akbar. The improved results garnered by the Indian Davis Cup team and other Indian tennis players in the early 2010s have made tennis increasingly popular in the country. India has a comparatively strong presence in shooting sports, and has won several medals at the Olympics, the World Shooting Championships, and the Commonwealth Games. Other sports in which Indians have succeeded internationally include badminton, boxing, and wrestling. Football is popular in West Bengal, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and the north-eastern states. Field hockey in India is administered by Hockey India. The Indian national hockey team won the 1975 Hockey World Cup and have, as of 2012, taken eight gold, one silver, and two bronze Olympic medals, making it the sport's most successful team. India has also played a major role in popularizing Cricket, thus cricket is by far the most popular sport of India; the Indian national cricket team won the 1983 and 2011 Cricket World Cup events, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, and shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. Cricket in India is administered by the Board of Control for Cricket in India, or BCCI; the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy, and the NKP Salve Challenger Trophy are domestic competitions. The BCCI conducts a Twenty20 competition known as the Indian Premier League. India has hosted or co-hosted several international sporting events: the 1951 and 1982 Asian Games; the 1987, 1996, and 2011 Cricket World Cup tournaments; the 2003 Afro-Asian Games; the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy; the 2010 Hockey World Cup; and the 2010 Commonwealth Games. Major international sporting events held annually in India include the Chennai Open, the Mumbai Marathon, the Delhi Half Marathon, and the Indian Masters. The first Indian Grand Prix featured in late 2011. India has traditionally been the dominant country at the South Asian Games. An example of this dominance is the basketball competition where Team India won three out of four tournaments to date.
- "Literacy rate". Web.archive.org. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.