Garrison, County Fermanagh
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (March 2009)|
|Irish: an Garastún|
Garrison shown within Northern Ireland
|Population||357 (2001 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|- Belfast||109 miles|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||028, +44 28|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
|NI Assembly||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
Garrison is a small village near Lough Melvin in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. The Roogagh River runs through the village. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 357 people. It is within the Fermanagh District Council area.
Visitors to Garrison can enjoy a wide range of activities including golfing, fishing, hill-walking, water sports, horse-riding, cycling, camping and caving. The Lough Melvin Holiday Centre caters for large groups and there is a plethora of local guesthouses and chalets to let. Two local pubs – The Melvin Bar and The Riverside Bar – provide music and craic and the local restaurant – The Bilberry – is well established and well renowned in the North-West region.
Ulsterbus route 64 serves Garrison on Thursday with two journeys to Belleek and Belcoo and one journey to Letterbreen and Enniskillen. Belleek, approximately five miles away is served by Bus Éireann route 30 every two hours each way for most of the day plus an overnight coach. This route operates to Donegal, Cavan, Dublin Airport and Dublin.
Lough Melvin in Ireland is home to the Gillaroo or 'salmo stomachius' - a species of trout which eats primarily snails. Gillaroo is derived from the Irish for 'red fellow' (Giolla Rua). This is due to the fish's distinctive colouring. It has a bright buttery golden colour on its flanks with bight crimson and vermillion spots. The gillaroo is characterised by deep red spots and a "gizzard", which is used to aid the digestion of hard food items such as water snails. Experiments carried out by Queens University, Belfast established that the Lough Melvin gillaroo species cannot be found anywhere else in the world. They feed almost exclusively on bottom living animals (snails, sedge fly larva and freshwater shrimp) with the exception of late summer when they come to the surface to feed and may be caught on the dry fly. Other lakes reputed to contain the gillaroo are Lough Neagh, Lough Conn, Lough Mask and Lough Corrib. However, the unique gene found in the Lough Melvin trout has not been found in some 200 trout populations in Ireland or Britain.
The sonaghan trout (Salmo nigripinnis) is another species unique to Lough Melvin. It can have a light brown or silvery hue with large, distinctive black spots. There are sometimes small, inconspicuous red spots located along its posterior region. Its fins are dark brown or black with elongated pectorals. Sonaghan are found in areas of open, deep water, where they feed on mid-water planktonic organisms.
Garrison was a thriving town before The Troubles when it was cut off from the Republic of Ireland after the border crossings were closed by the British Armed Forces in an attempt to stop the transportation of explosives into Northern Ireland. When cross-border business halted, the town suffered from lack of trade and it is only since the roads reopened in 1994 that Garrison has found its feet again.
The Melvin Hotel, previously owned by the McGovern family, was blown up, during the middle of a Catholic wedding reception, by the IRA reportedly as retaliation for allowing members of the security forces to stay on the premises.
Michael Moohan, one time minister for railways in the New Zealand Government was born in Garrison.
- List of townlands in County Fermanagh
- List of villages in Northern Ireland
- List of towns in Northern Ireland
- B52 road (Northern Ireland)