Portrait photographer Garry Gross
|Born||November 6, 1937
Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 30, 2010
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Training||Colorado State University|
Born in New York, Gross began his career as a commercial photographer, apprenticing with photographers Francesco Scavullo and James Moore and studying with master photographers Lisette Model and Richard Avedon. His fashion and beauty photography has been featured in numerous fashion magazines over the years and his work has appeared on the covers of such magazines as GQ, Cosmopolitan, and New York Magazine. Celebrities Gross has photographed include Calvin Klein, Gloria Steinem, Whitney Houston, and Lou Reed.
Gross studied with the Animal Behavior Center of New York and became a certified dog trainer in 2002, using that training to begin working with dogs and creating Fine Art style portraits. His last project was a series of large scale portraits of senior dogs and he actively supported charities that benefited rescue dogs and senior dogs.
Brooke Shields photograph controversy
Gross was the author of a controversial set of nude images taken in 1975 of a then ten-year-old Brooke Shields with the consent of her mother, Teri Shields, for the Playboy publication Sugar 'n' Spice. The images portray Shields nude, standing and sitting in a bathtub, wearing makeup and covered in oil. Two of the images were full-frontal. In 1981 Shields attempted to prevent further use of the photographs but in 1983 a US Court ruled that a child is bound by the terms of the valid, unrestricted consents to the use of photographs executed by a guardian and that the image did not breach child pornography laws. In ruling, the presiding Judge stated: "The issue on this appeal is whether an infant model may disaffirm a prior unrestricted consent executed on her behalf by her parent and maintain an action pursuant to section 51 of the Civil Rights Law against her photographer for republication of photographs of her. We hold that she may not."
A photograph of one of those original photographs was produced by American artist Richard Prince, an artist famous for his "reproduction photography." Prince called his version "Spiritual America," after a 1923 photograph by Alfred Stieglitz that depicts the genitals of a workhorse. In 2009 "Spiritual America" was removed from the Tate Modern gallery exhibition called Pop Life: Art in a Material World after protesters described the image as "obscene" and a "magnet for pedophiles," although it had been shown in New York's Guggenheim Museum in 2007 without incident.
Gross has stated that "The photo has been infamous from the day I took it and I intended it to be" and that he was "disappointed but not surprised” by the Tate's decision to remove the photograph.
Gross died from cardiac arrest at his home in the New York City's Greenwich Village neighborhood on November 30, 2010.
- "Frieze Magazine | Archive | Archive | Garry Gross". Frieze.com. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
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- "Dog Photography of New York, Manhattan, New York City, NYC | bio | Dog Photographer". Dogphotographyofnewyork.com. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "Entertainment | Arts & Culture | Tate pulls nude child star image". BBC News. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Searle, Adrian (2009-09-30). "Naked Brooke Shields photo is an image for which you must write your own commentary | Art and design". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Leonard, Tom (2009-10-01). "Brooke Shields photographer 'disappointed' by police pornography claim". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "Brooke Shields nude photo causes controversy | News stories". Marie Claire. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Jackson, Candace. "Exhibition at Tate Modern looks at commerce, creativity - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Charlotte Higgins and Vikram Dodd (2009-09-30). "Tate Modern removes naked Brooke Shields picture after police visit | Art and design | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "CBC News - Art & Design - Shields's photo at centre of London porn probe". Cbc.ca. 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "NY photographer of young, nude Brooke Shields dies", Bay Ledger, December 8, 2010