Garry Moore

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Garry Moore
Garrymoore.jpg
Garry Moore hosting To Tell the Truth in 1974.
Born Thomas Garrison Morfit, III[1]
(1915-01-31)January 31, 1915
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Died November 28, 1993(1993-11-28) (aged 78)
Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S.
Cause of death
Emphysema
Occupation Entertainer, Game show host, Comedian
Years active 1949—1977
Spouse(s) Eleanor "Nell" Borum Little (1939-1974) (her death) 2 children[1]
Mary Elizabeth De Chant (1975-1993) (his death)[1]

Garry Moore (January 31, 1915 – November 28, 1993) was an American entertainer, game show host and comedian best known for his work in television. Born Thomas Garrison Morfit III, Moore entered show business as a radio personality in the 1940s and was a television host on several game and variety show programs during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.

After dropping out of high school, Moore found success as a radio host and then moved on to the television industry. He hosted The Garry Moore Show, and the game shows I've Got a Secret and To Tell the Truth. He became known for his bow ties and his crew cut,[2] though he refrained from both fashions later in his career.

After being diagnosed with throat cancer in 1976, Moore retired from the television industry, making a few rare television appearances. He spent the last years of his life in South Carolina and at his summer home in Maine. He died on November 28, 1993.

Early life and radio career[edit]

Moore was born Thomas Garrison Morfit, III on January 31, 1915, in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Mason P. Morfit and Mary L. (née Harris) Morfit.[1][2] He attended Baltimore City College, but dropped out to pursue a career in radio and writing.[2][3] Starting in 1937, he worked for Baltimore radio station WBAL as an announcer, writer, and actor/comedian. He used his birth name until 1940, when, while on the air announcing Club Matinee hosted by Ransom Sherman at NBC, Chicago,[4] Sherman held a radio contest to find a more easily pronounceable one.[1][5] "Garry Moore" was the winning entry, which was submitted by a woman from Pittsburgh who received a prize of $100.[5] It was on Club Matinee where he met his long-time friend and broadcasting partner Durward Kirby.[6] In the years that followed, Moore appeared on numerous network radio shows.[7][8] He started out as an announcer and then as support for broadcast personalities, one of whom was Jimmy Durante.[2] From 1943–1947, Durante and Moore had a joint show, with Moore as the straight man.[9] Impressed with his ability to interact with audiences, CBS offered him his own show. Starting in 1949, the one-hour daytime variety show The Garry Moore Show aired on CBS.[2] Moore briefly returned to radio as host of NBC's "Monitor" in 1969.[10]

Television career[edit]

Between 1947 and 1950, Moore began to make tentative steps into the new medium as a panelist and guest host on quiz and musical shows. On June 26, 1950, he was rewarded with his own 30-minute CBS early-evening talk-variety TV program The Garry Moore Show, which was a shorter version of his radio show.[1][11] Until September 1950, it was also simulcast on radio.[11] During 1950 and 1951, he hosted prime-time variety hour summer replacements for Arthur Godfrey and his Friends. He appeared as a guest star on other programs too, including CBS's Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town.

During his run as a variety show host, Moore was tapped to host CBS's weekly prime-time TV panel show I've Got a Secret. It premiered on June 19, 1952.[2] It was on this show that Moore began his friendships with comedian Henry Morgan and game show host and panelist Bill Cullen, with whom he also had a long working relationship.[12] Morgan himself stated that Moore had helped him to keep his job as a celebrity panelist on the show.[13] Moore became known for his involvement in the variety of stunts and demonstrations of the show's contestants. The popularity of I've Got a Secret led to a cameo in the 1959 film It Happened to Jane. In the film, Doris Day's character was a contestant on the show, with Moore as well as the panel playing themselves.[14]

Moore's variety program was moved to the daytime slot, where it ran until June 27, 1958.[5][11] Within three months of the end of the daytime show, he and his longtime colleague Durward Kirby moved the revived The Garry Moore Show into prime time as a Tuesday night comedy and variety hour that ran from September 30, 1958, to June 14, 1964.[11]

Although the show was a bigger hit in prime-time, Moore himself always preferred the daytime housewife audience.[5] He thought that it gave the lonely housewives something to listen to and watch while they worked.[5] The show provided a break into show business for many performers, including Alan King, Jonathan Winters, Carol Burnett, and Dorothy Loudon.[1][2][3] The Garry Moore Show featured regular supporting cast members Durward Kirby,[11] Marion Lorne, Denise Lor, and Ken Carson, as well as a mixture of song-and-dance routines and comedy skits, and introduced the public to comedienne Carol Burnett. After the show ended, Burnett became a star in her own right, hosting The Carol Burnett Show for many years.[11]

The Garry Moore Show was cancelled in 1964,[2][12] and in the summer of that year, after having been on radio and television for 27 uninterrupted years, Moore decided to retire, saying he had "said everything [he] ever wanted to say three times already."[2] He gave up hosting I've Got A Secret and was replaced by comedian Steve Allen, who would host the show until the end of its run in 1967 (although Moore had ended his retirement before I've Got A Secret left the air, he never returned to the series to host and Allen helmed a subsequent, one-season syndicated revival in 1972).[2][12] Moore's main activity during his hiatus was a trip around the world with his wife.[12]

After two years, The Garry Moore Show returned to the CBS prime-time lineup in the fall of 1966.[11] The week of the premiere, Moore appeared as the celebrity guest on I've Got A Secret to promote it.[12] The new show was canceled mid-season because of low ratings against NBC's highly rated western Bonanza.[11] The successful Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour replaced The Garry Moore Show in the CBS time slot.[15] Moore then made sporadic guest television appearances, appearing as a panelist on various game shows, before Mark Goodson asked him to host another show.

That show was a revival of To Tell the Truth, which had ended its run on CBS in 1968. Moore was asked to host a revival of the series for syndication, which launched in September 1969.[1] When To Tell the Truth was planned to be revived for syndication, producers Mark Goodson and Bill Todman originally wanted Bud Collyer to once again host the show.[16] However, when they called Collyer, he declined, citing his ailing health.[16] When Goodson and Todman called Moore about the job, he immediately contacted Collyer, who said to Moore that "I am just not up to it."[16] Moore often took part in the show's silly and goofy stunts, as he had done on I've Got a Secret, performing magic tricks and cooking. This led to this version of To Tell the Truth being labeled similar to I've Got a Secret.[2] Moore hosted the series from its premiere until the midway point of the 1976-77 season, the revival's eighth.

Retirement and death[edit]

Moore became ill in 1976 and was diagnosed with throat cancer.[1][2] He left To Tell the Truth shortly before Christmas 1976 to undergo surgery,[1][2] turning the show over to panelist Bill Cullen. Semi-regular panelist Joe Garagiola also acted as the host for several weeks, claiming he was "pinch-hitting" for Moore.[17] Moore returned in September 1977 to begin To Tell the Truth's ninth season, to explain his sudden absence and to announce his permanent retirement, explaining that while recovering from his surgery, he believed that his throat cancer was a sign that continuing beyond his 42-year career would be "just plain greed". Joe Garagiola hosted the program for the rest of the season, which proved to be the final season.

Moore retired to Hilton Head, South Carolina, where he spent his time sailing, and also at his summer home in Northeast Harbor, Maine.[2] He made two rare television appearances during his retirement, in a 1984 special on game-show bloopers hosted by William Shatner and in a late 1980s television tribute to Carol Burnett. Moore recounted the time circumstances forced him and Burnett to share a dressing room for one show. After many years, Moore said he had a confession to make: "I peeked." Burnett replied, "So did I."

Garry Moore died of emphysema at Hilton Head, South Carolina, on November 28, 1993, at the age of 78.[2] He was buried at Forest Hill Cemetery in Northeast Harbor, Maine.[18] He was named one of the 15 greatest game-show hosts of all time by Time Magazine.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Moore, Garry". Museum.tv. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Garry Moore, 78, the Cheery Host Of Long-Running TV Series, Dies". New York Times. 1993-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Garry Moore". Variety. 1993-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  4. ^ "Club Matinee Idols: Garry Moore (page 17)". Radio Television Mirror. December 1940. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Moore for Housewives". Time. 1953-02-02. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  6. ^ Rayburn, John, ed. (2008). Cat Whiskers and Talking Furniture: Memoir of Radio and Television Broadcasting. McFarland. p. 256. ISBN 0-7864-3697-2. Retrieved 15 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Dunning, John, ed. (1998), On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio, Oxford University Press, USA, p. 840, ISBN 0-19-507678-8, retrieved 10 June 2010 
  8. ^ Samuels, Rich. "WMAQ-Staff announcers". Samuels, Rich. Retrieved June 10, 2010. 
  9. ^ "The Jimmy Durante And Garry Moore Show", NBC (1943), CBS (1943-1947): "Episodic log". The Vintage Radio Place. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  10. ^ "Monitor Promotional Material". Monitor Beacon. Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Garry Moore Show / The Garry Moore Evening Show". CBS, listed at Classic TV Hits; profile of Garry Moore at Who2.com. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "I've Got a Secret". Goodson-Todman Productions, syndicated. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  13. ^ Morgan, Henry (1994). Here's Morgan! The Original BAD BOY of Broadcasting. Barricade Books. pp. 213–214. ISBN 1-56980-001-4.  "One night I was doing my own local TV show and, in lighting a cigarette, I remarked that I was creating my own cancer. It didn't occur to me, of course, that 'Secret' was sponsored by Winston, the w.k. cancer purveyors. But it did occur to a viewer, a well-wisher who got in touch with Winston- Salem so fast that they fired me at dawn. Garry flew down to North Carolina and talked them out of it. What can you do with a guy like that? More to the point, what can you do without him?"
  14. ^ "Bill Cullen: Unusual Appearances". The Bill Cullen Homepage. Archived from the original on November 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  15. ^ "Smothering censorship thank the 'Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour' of the '60s for today's braver TV world". New York Daily News. 1998-09-29. Retrieved 2007-12-14. [dead link]
  16. ^ a b c Soap Opera Digest: January 1977
  17. ^ "To Tell The Truth 1977". Goodson-Todman Productions, syndicated. Retrieved 2011-07-25. 
  18. ^ "Garry Moore". findagrave.com. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  19. ^ "Garry Moore - 15 Best Game Show Hosts - TIME". TIME. 2007-05-25. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 

External links[edit]

Media offices
Preceded by
First Host
Host of I've Got a Secret
1952–1964
Succeeded by
Steve Allen
Preceded by
Bud Collyer
Host of To Tell the Truth
1969–1976
Succeeded by
Joe Garagiola