Garryowen, Montana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Garryowen
Unincorporated community
Garryowen is located in Montana
Garryowen
Garryowen
Location in Montana
Coordinates: 45°31′40″N 107°25′03″W / 45.52778°N 107.41750°W / 45.52778; -107.41750Coordinates: 45°31′40″N 107°25′03″W / 45.52778°N 107.41750°W / 45.52778; -107.41750
Country United States
State Montana
County Big Horn
Government
 • Type Private Town
 • Honorary Mayor & Owner Chris Kortlander
Area[1]
 • Total 1 sq mi (3 km2)
 • Land 2.6 sq mi (7 km2)
Elevation 3,118 ft (950 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 348
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59031
Area code(s) 406
GNIS feature ID 777090[3]

Garryowen is a private town in Big Horn County, Montana, United States. It is located at the southernmost edge of the land where Sitting Bull's camp was sited just prior to the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the opening gunshots of the battle were fired only a few hundred yards from where Garryowen's structures stand today.

Garryowen has a population of only two,[4] and is comprised mainly of a large building (the "Town Hall") with multiple functions. This building houses a Conoco gas station and convenience store, a Subway sandwich franchise, an arts & crafts store called "The Trading Post," and the Custer Battlefield Museum, a private museum whose exhibits focus on the battle and the period of the Indian Wars. Garryowen is owned by Chris Kortlander; it is currently for sale,[4] but an auction in August 2012 was cancelled after no one registered to bid.[5]

History of Garryowen[edit]

In 1895, the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad established a tiny station on the Little Bighorn River, where water was taken on and US Army troops, supplies and mail were off-loaded for delivery to nearby forts and homesteads. This station was called "Garryowen," a name associated with the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment because of the stirring Irish air of the same name which became the regiment's marching song. When the Crow Reservation lands were created in 1868, Garryowen became part of the Crow's holdings, but the land was later sold by the tribe and the Federal government to private citizens. By 1926, the "town" of Garryowen was in private hands, but still consisted of little more than a small market. It was at this time, just a month before the 50th Anniversary of the Battle, that work was being done on an irrigation ditch just east of Garryowen - along Reno's line of retreat. Much to their surprise, work crews uncovered a nearly complete set of skeletal remains (no skull was ever found), accompanied by several bullets and buttons, clearly indicating that this had been a Cavalry soldier. Because 14 of Reno and Benteen's men were never accounted for following the Battle, accurate identification of the remains was impossible. However, with planning for the celebration's events in full swing, The Custer Memorial Association decided a memorial service, with full military honors, was due this long-lost Unknown Soldier.

Plans called for the body to be entombed in a special monument in Garryowen, following a "Burying of the Hatchet" ceremony, during which US government and Indian representatives smoked a peace pipe and placed a tomahawk in the base of the monument.

Attractions[edit]

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier & Peace Memorial[edit]

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier & Peace Memorial in Garryowen, Montana

The tomb is a monument that commemorates the end of hostilities between the Lakota-Cheyenne and the U.S. Government.

Although it is publicly described as the resting-place of an unknown Army combatant from the Reno retreat, disclosure documents from an auctioning firm responsible for the August 2012 auction of the town raised some uncertainty as to whether there are actual human remains in the tomb.[6]

Custer Battlefield Museum[edit]

The Custer Battlefield Museum features many artifacts from the Battle as well as books and memorabilia.

In 2005 and 2009, 22 artifacts from the museum, described as "a trove of war bonnets, medicine bags and other items"[7] alleged to have been stolen from the Crow tribe were seized by Federal authorities. Although the case was dropped in 2009, as of March 19, 2012 some of the items had not been returned.[8]

The Center Pole[edit]

Located on Wellknown Buffalo's historic Indian trust land on the Crow Indian Reservation, this Native, non-profit organization's mission is to "empower Native American youth through knowledge, experience and global awareness" as well as to "promote the exchange of information, ideas and understanding between Indian reservations and the mainstream." It is a partner organization to Billy Mill's Running Strong for American Indian Youth with a donations warehouse serving those in need in the community. The Buffalo Nickel Thrift Store, a community enterprise selling recycled clothing and housewares, welcomes visitors. Three of the buildings are hybrid straw bale constructed buildings.

Notable people[edit]

Henry Real Bird of Garryowen was appointed Poet Laureate of Montana by Governor Brian Schweitzer in 2009.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  3. ^ "Garryowen". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  4. ^ a b "Two-person Montana town up for auction". Associated Press (Via KULR). 13 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Wong, Kenneth (16 August 2012). "Garryowen Auction Cancelled". KULR-TV. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Disclosures: I-90 AND EXIT 514 GARRYOWEN MONTANA 59031". 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. "Private Cemetery Disclosure: A monument located on the Property may indicate that a burial site is located on the Property. Neither the Seller nor Williams & Williams can confirm or dispute the existence of a possible internment [sic] on the Property. If a burial location is situated on the Property, removal of said burial site, or a monument associated with said site, is governed by state and local statutes and regulations. Buyer should investigate and gather any required information regarding said Property prior to bidding." 
  7. ^ Brown, Matthew (2012-01-29). "Custer dealer seeks return of seized artifacts". Missoulian (Missoula, MT). Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  8. ^ Brown, Matthew (2012-03-19). "Feds: Some Custer museum artifacts were stolen from Crow". Missoulian (Missoula, MT). Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  9. ^ "Governor Announces Henry Real Bird as Montana’s Poet Laureate - Humanities Roundtable". Retrieved 2012-05-05.