Garston, Merseyside

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Coordinates: 53°21′04″N 2°53′38″W / 53.351°N 2.894°W / 53.351; -2.894

Garston
Garston is located in Merseyside
Garston
Garston
 Garston shown within Merseyside
OS grid reference SJ405842
Metropolitan borough Liverpool
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LIVERPOOL
Postcode district L19
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Garston and Halewood
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Garston is a district of Liverpool, Merseyside, England. Historically in Lancashire, it is bordered by Aigburth, Grassendale, Allerton and Speke.

History[edit]

Gaerstun, meaning 'grazing settlement' or 'grazing farm' in Old English, is one possible root of the name.[1]

In medieval times, Garston was home to a group of Benedictine monks. The first recorded mention of settlement in Garston is of the Church of St Michael in 1235. By the 19th century, the area had become a small village, one of the eight townships forming the parish of Childwall.

A small dock was first built at Garston in 1793 for Blackburne’s Saltworks, which still stands today.

Garston's growth accelerated rapidly in the 1840s, when in 1846, the area's first dock was constructed and opened, under the auspices of the St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway Company. The "Old Dock" was followed twenty years later by a second, the "North Dock" the third and final dock, Stalbridge was opened in 1907. In 1902, Garston was incorporated into the City of Liverpool.

Description[edit]

Today, Garston is a major shipping and container port, second only to Liverpool Docks in the North-West. Much of the area is also residential, housing being mainly in Victorian terraces with some semi-detached homes around Liverpool South Parkway.

It is partnered with the nearby district of Speke in a series of redevelopment and regeneration schemes, which have succeeded in reversing recent trends in dereliction and unemployment. Garston is regularly quoted as one of Liverpool's 'up and coming' areas because of this, and house prices have continued to rise.

Since the demolition of the Red Lion Inn, the oldest remaining buildings in Garston are Seafield Cottages, a row of four cottages on Chapel Road, which date back to at least the 1730s.

Transport[edit]

Garston is home to Liverpool South Parkway railway station, a major new interchange station opened in 2006. Trains operate at regular intervals to the city centre, Southport, Manchester and Birmingham. The 86 and 86A provide regular bus services operate from Liverpool South Parkway to the surrounding districts and the city centre. A regular bus shuttle to the Liverpool John Lennon Airport is available from the same location and also provides a service to Liverpool South Parkway railway station

Attractions[edit]

Garston was home to the 'New Slaughterhouse Gallery' on St. Mary's Road, which aimed to promote local artists as well as community regeneration in partnership with the Garston Embassy on Wellington Street but is now closed. Cressington and Grassendale Park are nearby and are both sadly now closed.

Football[edit]

In 1935, when Garston and indeed much of the south of Liverpool was expanding due to the mass development of council housing to replace inner city slums, as well as the significant development of private housing, the new South Liverpool F.C. was formed in 1935 to serve the area and set up base at the Holly Park stadium in Garston. The club went on to win the Welsh Cup in 1939 (despite being an English side and playing in the English non-league systems) and won a host of non-league football competitions over the next 50 years. However, they were forced to sell Holly Park after a fire in 1989 and folded in 1991, only to reform as a junior side in a host of locations in and around the city before settling at a site in Otterspool in 2000.[2] Although South Liverpool were never successful in their many applications to join the Football League, many of their players went on to play for Football League sides; most notably striker John Aldridge[3] and midfielder Jimmy Case,[4] who won major trophies in the great Liverpool sides of the 1970s and 1980s. Aldridge, locally born but of Irish descent, was also a Republic of Ireland international regular in the late 1980s and early to mid-1990s, representing his country at two World Cups.

Cultural references[edit]

A house in Garston was used in creating the artwork for the Arctic Monkeys album Favourite Worst Nightmare.[5] The house and estate has been demolished and new houses occupy the site.

The BBC television serial Lilies was based in Garston.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Local History - Liverpool Villages, BBC, retrieved 19 September 2007 
  2. ^ "History - South Liverpool Football Club". Southliverpoolfc.com. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  3. ^ "John Aldridge - Liverpool FC". Liverpoolfc.tv. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  4. ^ "Jimmy Case - Liverpool FC". Liverpoolfc.tv. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  5. ^ Arctic Monkeys Reveal Album Artwork, Gigwise, 16 March 2007, retrieved 19 September 2007 

External links[edit]