In medieval times, Garston was home to a group of Benedictine monks. The first recorded mention of settlement in Garston is of the Church of St Michael in 1235. By the 19th century, the area had become a small village, one of the eight townships forming the parish of Childwall.
A small dock was first built at Garston in 1793 for Blackburne’s Saltworks, which still stands today.
Garston's growth accelerated rapidly in the 1840s, when in 1846, the area's first dock was constructed and opened, under the auspices of the St Helens and Runcorn Gap Railway Company. The "Old Dock" was followed twenty years later by a second, the "North Dock" the third and final dock, Stalbridge was opened in 1907. In 1902, Garston was incorporated into the City of Liverpool.
Today, Garston is a major shipping and container port, second only to Liverpool Docks in the North-West. Although inside the city of Liverpool, Garston Docks are not a part of Liverpool Docks and is regarded as a separate port. Much of the area is also residential, housing being mainly in Victorian terraces with some semi-detached homes around Liverpool South Parkway.
It is partnered with the nearby district of Speke in a series of redevelopment and regeneration schemes, which have succeeded in reversing recent trends in dereliction and unemployment. Garston is regularly quoted as one of Liverpool's 'up and coming' areas because of this, and house prices have continued to rise.
Since the demolition of the Red Lion Inn, the oldest remaining buildings in Garston are Seafield Cottages, a row of four cottages on Chapel Road, which date back to at least the 1730s.
Garston is home to Liverpool South Parkway railway station, a major new interchange station opened in 2006. Trains operate at regular intervals to the city centre, Southport, Manchester and Birmingham. The 86 and 86A provide regular bus services operate from Liverpool South Parkway to the surrounding districts and the city centre. A regular bus shuttle to the Liverpool John Lennon Airport is available from the same location and also provides a service to Liverpool South Parkway railway station
Garston was home to the 'New Slaughterhouse Gallery' on St. Mary's Road, which aimed to promote local artists as well as community regeneration in partnership with the Garston Embassy on Wellington Street but is now closed. Cressington and Grassendale Park are nearby
In 1935, when Garston and indeed much of the south of Liverpool was expanding due to the mass development of council housing to replace inner city slums, as well as the significant development of private housing, the new South Liverpool F.C. was formed in 1935 to serve the area and set up base at the Holly Park stadium in Garston. The club went on to win the Welsh Cup in 1939 (despite being an English side and playing in the English non-league systems) and won a host of non-league football competitions over the next 50 years. However, they were forced to sell Holly Park after a fire in 1989 and folded in 1991, only to reform as a junior side in a host of locations in and around the city before settling at a site in Otterspool in 2000. Although South Liverpool were never successful in their many applications to join the Football League, many of their players went on to play for Football League sides; most notably striker John Aldridge and midfielder Jimmy Case, who won major trophies in the great Liverpool sides of the 1970s and 1980s. Aldridge, locally born but of Irish descent, was also a Republic of Ireland international regular in the late 1980s and early to mid-1990s, representing his country at two World Cups.
The BBC television serial Lilies was based in Garston.
- Paul Connolly, professional footballer
- Alex Corina, artist and community worker
- Les Dennis, television personality
- Billy Fury, singer/songwriter
- Jack Jones, trade union leader
- Kevin McLeod, professional footballer
- Steve Morgan, owner of Redrow Homes and Wolverhampton Wanderers
- Pete Price, local radio personality
- Barry Sloane, actor
- Rita Tushingham, actress
- Simon O'Brien, actor, presenter and cyclist
- Local History - Liverpool Villages, BBC, retrieved 19 September 2007
- "History - South Liverpool Football Club". Southliverpoolfc.com. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
- "John Aldridge - Liverpool FC". Liverpoolfc.tv. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
- "Jimmy Case - Liverpool FC". Liverpoolfc.tv. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
- Arctic Monkeys Reveal Album Artwork, Gigwise, 16 March 2007, retrieved 19 September 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Garston.|
- Liverpool Street Gallery - Liverpool 19
- Article on the 1912 Garston riots from Liverpool's 'Nerve' magazine