Garswood

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Garswood
Garswood is located in Merseyside
Garswood
Garswood
 Garswood shown within Merseyside
Population 6,183 
OS grid reference SJ556993
Civil parish Seneley Green
Metropolitan borough St Helens
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGAN
Postcode district WN4
Dialling code 01942 - 01744
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament St Helens North
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°29′17″N 2°40′12″W / 53.488°N 2.670°W / 53.488; -2.670

Garswood is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, Merseyside, England. The village is near to neighbouring Ashton-in-Makerfield and within a civil parish called Seneley Green.

History[edit]

Historically within Lancashire, Garswood is from Old English wudu "wood" with an uncertain first element. The name was recorded as Gratiswode (undated).

Garswood has seen, along with extensive farming, much coal mining activity in its past, due to strata running up to an adjacent fault causing much outcropping of coal seams. Mining has taken place using (comparatively) shallow shafts and many drifts. The last drift mine in the Garswood area, Quaker House Colliery, closed in 1992. Extensive opencast mining has taken place in more recent times and still continues in the area.

The village contains the Railway Hotel, the Stag Hotel and the Simms Road Inn public houses. It also has a Labour Club and a Conservative Club.

Education[edit]

In 1588 Seneley Green (as it was then known) became the site of Ashton-in-Makerfield Free Grammar School, the area's first free grammar school, founded by Robert Byrchall on land granted for the purpose by Sir Thomas Gerard. Whilst the original building has long since demolished, today the site is used as Garswood Public Library. Ashton-in-Makerfield Free Grammar School was attended by Saint Edmund Arrowsmith,[1] one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

Garswood County Primary School is located in the centre of Garswood and has roughly 300 pupils.[2]

Sport[edit]

Garswood United F.C., formed 1967, joined the Mid-Cheshire League in 1988. They won Division Two in 1990 and Division One in 1996. The club plays at Simms Lane End, Simms Lane.

Garswood is 4 miles (by road) from St Helens rugby league stadium and 5½ miles (by road) from Wigan rugby league and football stadium.

Garswood is also 2½ miles (by road) from Haydock Park Racecourse.

Transport[edit]

Garswood railway station provides direct rail links to Liverpool, St. Helens and Wigan, plus many other stations along the same line.

Road links are provided by the village's proximity to the M6 motorway and the East Lancashire Road (A580). Garswood is close to Haydock's Industrial / Business Estates, where companies such as Sainsbury's and Booker have warehousing facilities, creating employment for a large surrounding area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]