Garuda Indonesia Flight 206

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Garuda Indonesia Flight 206
Hijacking summary
Date 28 March 1981
Summary Hijacking
Site Indonesian airspace
Passengers 57
Injuries (non-fatal) 2
Fatalities 6 (4 hijackers, 1 commando, and the pilot)
Survivors 57
Aircraft type McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
Aircraft name "Woyla"
Operator Garuda Indonesia
Registration PK-GNJ
Flight origin Talang Betutu Airport, Palembang Indonesia
Destination Polonia Airport, Medan Indonesia
Raid on Garuda Indonesia Flight 206
Date 1 April 1981
Location Don Mueang Airport, Bangkok, Thailand
Result Kopassus and AFCC victory
Belligerents

Indonesia Indonesian Army Kopassus

ThailandRoyal Thai Air Force Commando Company
Komando Jihad
Commanders and leaders

Indonesia Lieutenant Colonel Sintong Panjaitan

Thailand Air Marshal Chakorn Tattanon
N/A
Strength
35 Kopassus commandos
20 RTAF commandos
5 hijackers
Casualties and losses
1 commando killed 4 hijackers killed (1 killed on returning flight to Jakarta)

Garuda Indonesia Flight 206 was a domestic Garuda Indonesia flight from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta to Polonia International Airport, Medan (with a stopover at Talang Betutu Airport, Palembang,) that was hijacked on 28 March 1981.

The incident[edit]

The hijackers, an Islamist extremist group called Komando Jihad, hijacked the DC-9 named "Woyla" en route from Palembang to Medan, ordering the pilot to fly them to Colombo, Sri Lanka. Since the plane did not have enough fuel to reach Colombo, it refueled in Penang, Malaysia, then flew instead to Don Mueang Airport in Bangkok, Thailand. The hijackers demanded the release of 80 Kommando Jihad members imprisoned in Indonesia, US$1.5 million in cash, and a plane to take the released prisoners to an unspecified destination. On 29 March 1981, a group of Indonesian Army Kopassandha (now Kopassus) commandos led by Lieutenant Colonel Sintong Panjaitan and Lieutenant General Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani were flown into Bangkok with a chartered Garuda DC-10 which was disguised as a Garuda flight from Europe, and stormed the plane two days later. The recapture of the plane was a joint operation between the Royal Thai Air Force commandos and Indonesia's Kopassandha commandos. The Kopassus commandos who took part in the rescue trained for only three days with new weapons. One commando, Officer Cadet Achmad Kirang was shot by the hijackers, as was the pilot, Captain Herman Rante, they both died several days later in Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital in Bangkok. Two hijackers were killed in the resulting shootout. The rest of the hostages were released unharmed. Two of the hijackers surrendered, but one was shot and killed by the commandos. The leader was subsequently wounded after throwing a grenade that failed to explode, and was detained by the commandos.[1]

The rest of the crew members and all passengers survived.[2] The terrorist leader, Imran bin Muhammad Zein, was tried after arrival and was sentenced to death by the Central Jakarta Regional Court a few weeks later.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hutabarat, Arifin (1989). To Our Beloved Country: The History of Garuda Indonesia. Ganesia P.R. p. 54. OCLC 21396891. 
  • Conboy, Ken (2004). Kopassus: Inside Indonesia's Special Forces. Equinox Publishing. pp. 277–278. ISBN 979-95898-8-6. 
  • Sebastian, Leonard C. (2006). Realpolitik ideology: Indonesia's use of military force. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 168. ISBN 981-230-310-3. 

External links[edit]