Gary Johnson presidential campaign, 2012
|Gary Johnson 2012|
|Campaign||U.S. presidential election, 2012|
Former Governor of New Mexico
|Affiliation||Libertarian Party (formerly Republican Party)|
|Headquarters||Santa Fe, New Mexico, U.S.|
|Key people||Jim Gray (Running mate)
Ron Neilsen (senior advisor)
|Receipts||US$2,317,996  (Oct. 17, 2012)|
|Slogan||The People's President
|Gary Johnson 2012|
Former Governor Gary Johnson of New Mexico declared his candidacy for the 2012 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States on April 21, 2011. On December 28, 2011, Johnson withdrew his candidacy for the Republican nomination, and declared his candidacy for the 2012 presidential nomination of the Libertarian Party. The 2012 Libertarian National Convention was held during the first weekend of May 2012. On May 5, 2012, after promoting his libertarian-oriented political positions to delegates, Johnson received the most votes at the convention and became the official 2012 Libertarian presidential nominee. On November 6, 2012, Johnson received just under 1% of the popular vote in the general election, amounting to more than 1.2 million votes. This was the most successful result for a third-party presidential candidacy since 2000, and the best in the Libertarian Party's history by vote number.
- 1 Background
- 2 Campaign developments
- 3 Financial Campaign data
- 4 Results
- 5 Endorsements
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Johnson initially indicated interest in running for president in the 2012 election in 2009. In October of that year, he founded the Our America Initiative, a 501(c)(4) "nonprofit political advocacy committee that promotes common-sense business approaches to governing." The stated focus of the organization was to "...speak out on issues regarding topics such as government efficiency, lowering taxes, ending the war on drugs, protecting civil liberties, revitalizing the economy and promoting entrepreneurship and privatization." The move prompted speculation among media pundits and Johnson's supporters as to whether he was laying the groundwork for a 2012 presidential run.
In December 2009, Johnson hired strategist Ronald T. Nielson of NSON Opinion Strategy to organize the committee. Nielson has worked with Johnson since 1993 when he ran his successful gubernatorial campaign.
Throughout 2010, Johnson repeatedly deflected questions regarding his potential presidential candidacy by explaining that his 501(c)(4) status forbade him from expressing a desire to run for federal office. Despite his evasiveness on the subject, speculation of a 2012 presidential bid by Johnson continued to be fueled by his increasing outspokeness concerning key issues affecting the United States, particularly "the size and cost of government" and the "deficits and debt that truly threaten to consume the U.S. economy, and which represent the single greatest threat to our national security."
In February 2011, Johnson was a featured speaker at both the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) and the Republican Liberty Caucus. Johnson tied with New Jersey Governor Chris Christie for third in the CPAC Straw Poll, trailing only Ron Paul and Mitt Romney. In that poll, he placed ahead of such notables as former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, former Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty, Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels and former Alaska Governor and 2008 Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin. David Weigel of Slate called Johnson the second-biggest winner of the conference, writing that his "third-place showing in the straw poll gave Johnson his first real media hook ... He met tons of reporters, commanded a small scrum after the vote, and is a slightly lighter shade of dark horse now."
On April 21, 2011 Johnson officially announced via Twitter that he was running for president. He followed this announcement with a speech at the New Hampshire State House in Concord, New Hampshire.
Johnson chose Ron Neilson, the director of both of his two New Mexico gubernatorial campaigns, as his presidential campaign director. His campaign was run from Salt Lake City, Utah. Johnson's economics advisor was Harvard economics professor Jeffrey Miron.
Johnson participated in the first of the Republican presidential debates, hosted by Fox News in South Carolina on May 5, 2011, appearing on stage with Herman Cain, Ron Paul, Tim Pawlenty, and Rick Santorum. Mitt Romney and Michele Bachmann both declined to debate.
Johnson was excluded from the next three debates on June 13 (hosted by CNN in New Hampshire), August 11 (hosted by Fox News in Iowa), and September 7 (hosted by CNN in California). After the first exclusion, Johnson made a 43-minute video responding to each of the debate questions, which he posted on YouTube. The first exclusion, which was widely publicized, gave Johnson "a little bump" in name recognition and an increase in small donations for a few days. Not being in the debate caused serious long-term problems for the campaign as it became difficult to raise money from donors, Johnson's name being pulled from polls and few opportunities from the media to respond to events. For the financial quarter ending June 30, Johnson raised a mere $180,000. Johnson still managed to poll higher two weeks prior to the September 7th debate than Rick Santorum or Jon Huntsman, who were invited to that debate while Johnson was not.
Then, on September 21, Fox News decided that because Johnson polled at least 2% in five recent polls, he could participate in a September 23 debate in Florida, which it co-hosted with the Florida Republican Party (the party objected to Johnson's inclusion). Johnson participated, appearing on stage with Michele Bachmann, Herman Cain, Newt Gingrich, Jon Huntsman, Ron Paul, Rick Perry, Mitt Romney, and Rick Santorum. During the debate, Johnson delivered what many media outlets, including the Los Angeles Times, and Time, called the best line of the night: "My next-door neighbor's two dogs have created more shovel ready jobs than this current administration." Entertainment Weekly opined that Johnson had won the debate.
Switch to Libertarian Party
|Wikinews has related news: GOP presidential candidate Gary Johnson considers Libertarian Party run|
On November 29, 2011, Johnson confirmed reports that he was ending all campaign activities for the New Hampshire primary, citing his inability to gain any traction with the primary's likely voters. Stated Johnson: "It's not happening in New Hampshire. We rode bikes 500 miles across the state, we scheduled town halls – for whatever reason, nobody's really coming out to hear what it is I have to say." Johnson confirmed reports that he was considering a run on the Libertarian Party (LP) ticket. Libertarian Party officials reported that Johnson would make an announcement on his political future on December 28, 2011; Politico reported it was expected that he would drop his bid for the Republican nomination and seek the Libertarian nomination instead.
|Wikinews has related news: U.S. presidential candidate Gary Johnson leaves GOP to vie for the LP nom|
On December 28, 2011, Johnson announced at press conference in Santa Fe, New Mexico that he had withdrawn his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination, and officially declared his candidacy for the 2012 Libertarian Party presidential nomination. During the announcement, Johnson stated, "I'm a Libertarian in belief. I successfully governed as a Libertarian in everything but the name, and I am running for president as a Libertarian." Johnson was quickly identified as the early front-runner for the party's nomination and polled more than seventy percent of votes cast in the California Libertarian Party's straw poll on March 3, 2012.
On April 30, 2012 Johnson formally endorsed retired California Superior Court judge Jim Gray as his choice for running mate on the LP ticket in anticipation of receiving the nomination at the 2012 Libertarian National Convention in May 2012.
On May 5, 2012, at the Libertarian National Convention, Johnson received the Libertarian Party's official nomination for President of the United States by a vote of 419 votes to 152 votes for second-place candidate Lee Wrights. Following his nomination, Johnson asked the convention's delegates to nominate as his vice-presidential running-mate Judge Jim Gray of California. Gray won the vice-presidential nomination on the first ballot.
Although there were numerous challenges to Johnson's ballot access, the Libertarian Party confirmed that Johnson received ballot access in 48 states and Washington D.C.. The Libertarian Party was able to achieve write-in vote status in Michigan, with Oklahoma the only state to not include Johnson at all.
Johnson faced resistance from Republicans over the matter of whether or not Johnson would appear on several state ballots. In some states, such as Pennsylvania, where Johnson had more than the officially required number of signatures necessary for the Libertarian Party candidate to appear on the ballot, the validity of the signatures was contested by Republicans. In Iowa, a lawsuit was filed suing the Iowa Secretary of State, Matt Schultz, to remove Johnson from the ballot; the suit said that a reason for fighting Johnson’s appearance on the ballot was that Johnson would cause "irreparable harm to other candidates and political parties who must compete against him," and that his appearance would cause "irreparable injury to the voting public because it could improperly impact the election."
When speaking of Johnson’s chances of making the ballot in the three states that had not up to that point agreed to include Johnson, Richard Winger, editor of Ballot Access News, said that "Pennsylvania is likely, Michigan a maybe, Oklahoma almost impossible." On October 10, the Libertarian Party declared success in Pennsylvania.
By October Johnson was confirmed to be on the ballot in 48 states and in the District of Columbia, with only Michigan and Oklahoma still in litigation in regards to his ballot access. In the end Johnson received write-in status in Michigan, but was completely excluded from the Oklahoma ballot.
On September 21, 2012 Johnson filed an anti-trust lawsuit in the US District Court for the Central District of California against the Commission on Presidential Debates, the Republican National Committee and the Democratic National Committee. The suit alleged that the three private companies have conspired in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to limit competition and that in doing so they are injuring the Johnson campaign and the American electorate. The Commission requires that candidates must register at least 15% in 5 national polls in order to qualify for the three televised debates. Only the Republican and Democratic parties qualified to participate.
The lawsuit sought an order of the Court enjoining the debates from proceeding unless all candidates who will appear on the ballot in enough states to win in the Electoral College are allowed to participate. Johnson's legal adviser, Ron Nielson, said the Johnson campaign may file additional lawsuits in additional jurisdictions challenging the exclusion of Johnson from the debates on other grounds.
Relationship with Ron Paul's campaign
Initially, Johnson hoped Ron Paul would not run for President so that Johnson could galvanize from Paul's network of libertarian-minded voters. Johnson even traveled to Houston to tell Paul of his decision to run in person. But Paul announced his own candidacy on May 13, 2011.
Following Paul’s failure to receive the Republican nomination, Johnson actively sought, and, to at least some level, received the support of Paul's libertarian minded supporters for his own campaign. Paul himself did not officially endorse anybody, though in an October 2012 interview Paul hinted, but did not confirm that he was planning on voting for Johnson.
Financial Campaign data
The Johnson-Gray campaign raised $2,317,996 with 86% from private donations and 14% from federal funds. No money was raised from any PACs. In comparison, Barack Obama's campaign raised over $632,000,000 (spending almost $541,000,000)  and Mitt Romney's campaign raised over $389,000,000 (spending over $336,000,000).
|Total Raised ($)||Total Spent ($)||Cash on Hand ($)||Debts ($)|
Johnson finished with over 1.2 million votes, an all-time Libertarian Party record in terms of raw total, and 0.99% of the popular vote, the party's second-best showing ever in vote percentage in a presidential election, behind that of Ed Clark in 1980. In his home state of New Mexico, Johnson won 3.55% of the vote.
List of Gary Johnson endorsements
Endorsements as a Republican candidate
Endorsements as a Libertarian candidate
- "Talent and Organization - Building Towards the General Election". P2012.org. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- "Gary Johnson : Pictures, Videos, Breaking News". Politico.Com. 1953-01-01. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Gary Johnson campaign, Opensecrets.org (Oct. 17, 2012)
- Tuccile, J.D. (November 7, 2012). "Gary Johnson Pulls One Million Votes, One Percent". Reason.com. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Libertarian Party buoyant; Greens hopeful". United Press International. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
- Bill Kauffman (21 April 2009). "The Republic Strikes Back". The American Conservative. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- 24 Hour Newsroom (27 October 2009). "Ex-Gov Mulls Presidential Bid". 770 KKOB AM. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2011.[dead link]
- "Information from the official website for the Our America Initiative". Ouramericainitiative.com. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Steve Terrell (October 26, 2009) "Group wants Johnson on presidential ballot", Santa Fe New Mexican. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Gadi Schwartz (5 November 2009). "Supporters call for former Gov. Johnson to run for president". KOB News 4. Archived from the original on January 9, 2010. Retrieved April 21, 2011.[dead link]
- Marciello, Alex (2011-02-25) Former NM governor talks politics, The Daily News of Newburyport. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Key People-Former Gov. Gary Johnson OUR America Initiative, Salt Lake City, UT, p2012.org. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- (May 10, 2010) "Controversial Republican Eyeing White House?" The Sean Hannity Show. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- (May 20, 2010)"A Name to Remember in '12" Orange County Register. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Wallsten, Peter (August 9, 2010) Washington Wire Q & A: Gary Johnson, Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 21, 2010.
- Johnson, Gary (2011-01-18) $100 billion in spending cuts this year? How about this week!, The Daily Caller. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Carey, Amanda (2011-02-08) Potential 2012 presidential candidate Gary Johnson to speak at CPAC, The Daily Caller. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- Good, Chris (2011-02-11) Is Gary Johnson the Next Ron Paul?, The Atlantic. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- Falcone, Michael (2011-02-12) Ron Paul Wins 2011 CPAC Straw Poll, Sarah Palin Finishes a Distant 9th Place, ABC News. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- Weigel, David (2011-02-14) Who Won CPAC?, Slate. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
- Sahil Kapur (2011-04-21) "Pro-pot, anti-war Republican Gary Johnson running for president", Raw Story. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Marr, Kendra (April 21, 2011). "Gary Johnson makes 2012 presidential run official". Politico. Retrieved April 21, 2011.
- Lisa Depaulo (November 2011). "Is This the Sanest Man Running for President?". GQ. Condé Nast.
- Conor Friesdorf (June 15, 2011). "Gary Johnson Crashes the N.H. Republican Debate". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group.
- Michael Muskal (September 23, 2011). "Gary Johnson cleaning up with his dog poop quip". Los Angeles times. Tribune Newspapers.
- Michael Scherer (September 23, 2011). "What You Missed While Not Watching the Fox News/Google Debate". Time. Time Inc.
- Jeff Labrecque (September 23, 2011). "Gary Johnson and neighbor's two dogs win Republican presidential debate". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly.
- Fortier, Marc (2011-11-29). "Gary Johnson throws in the towel". Amherst.patch.com. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- "Johnson may run for US President as a Libertarian". Digitaljournal.com. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Epstein, Reid (December 20, 2011). Gary Johnson to drop out of GOP primary to run as Libertarian. The Politico. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- "Gary Johnson makes switch to Libertarian Party official". New Hampshire Union Leader. December 28, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Rahn, Will; Nelson, Steven (December 28, 2011). "Gary Johnson announces Libertarian presidential bid". The Daily Caller. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- Stewart, Rebecca (December 28, 2011). "'Liberated' Gary Johnson seeks Libertarian nomination". CNN. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "Gov. Gary Johnson Wins Convention Straw Poll". http://ca.lp.org. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Quinn, Garrett (April 30, 2012). "Gary Johnson Wants Jim Gray As His VP". Reason Online. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Rahn, Will (April 30, 2012). "Pro-pot judge will be Gary Johnson’s VP pick". The Daily Caller. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- Cristina Silva (May 5, 2012). "Gary Johnson Wins 2012 Libertarian Nomination". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- Riggs, Mike (May 5, 2012). "Judge Jim Gray Is the 2012 Libertarian Party Vice Presidential Nominee". Reason Online. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
- Reason: Michigan Will Count Write-In Votes for Gary Johnson.
- "Libertarian Party - 2012 Ballot Access".
- Rutenberg, Jim (October 14, 2012). "Spoiler Alert! G.O.P. Fighting Libertarian’s Spot on the Ballot". New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
- Daniels, Melissa (6 September 2012). "PA: Details muddy validity of signatures in Johnson ballot challenge". watchdog.org. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Mazza, Gloria; Montgomery, Dean (30 August 2012). "Emergency Motion For Temporary Injunction And Motion For Exedited Relief". Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Iowa Republicans Sue the Secretary of State to Remove Gary Johnson from the Ballot". Before It’s News. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Boudway, Ira (20 September 2012). "Spoiler Alert: Meet Gary Johnson, Libertarian". Business Week.
- "Libertarians Prevail Against 9-Week Republican Attack on Ballot Access in PA".
- Winger, Richard (September 20, 2012) "Michigan Will Canvass Gary Johnson Write-in Votes", Ballot Access News. Retrieved October 15, 2012
- "Independent Voter Network Presidential Debate, at 25:00". 18 October 2012.
- "Nationwide Interactive Likely Voters Poll". JZ Analytics. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- Garrett Quinn, Gary Johnson Included In New Rasmussen Poll; Campaign Pleased, Reason magazine, Aug. 26, 2012.
- Kenneth T. Walsh, Libertarian Candidate Gary Johnson Happy With His Campaign, US News, August 27, 2012.
- Spoiler alert: Poll finds small following for Libertarian candidate, CNN Political Ticker, September 10, 2012
- CNN/ORC poll, September 10, 2012
- "Poll Watch: CNN/ORC Ohio 2012 Presidential Survey". The Argo Journal. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Gary Johnson Sues for Participation in Debates". The New American. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- "Gary Johnson Files Anti-Trust Lawsuit for Entry to Debates". Independent Voter Network. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
- "Libertarian presidential candidate files anti-trust suit to get into debates". Examiner.com. 2012-09-21. Unknown parameter
- Steinhauser, Paul (May 13, 2011). "Rep. Ron Paul announces candidacy for president". CNN. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Gizzi, John (August 26, 2012). "Gary Johnson Woos Paul Supporters". Human Events. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Weinger, Mackenzie (August 28, 2012). "Ron Paul: I’m an ‘undecided’ voter". Politico. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Gray, Rosie (October 5, 2012). "Ron Paul Suggests He'll Vote For Gary Johnson". BuzzFeed. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- Gary Johnson campaign Opensecrets.org (Oct. 17, 2012) accessed November 20, 2012
- Barack Obama campaign Opensecrets.org (Oct. 17, 2012) accessed November 20, 2012
- Mitt Romney campaign Opensecrets.org (Oct. 17, 2012) accessed November 20, 2012
- 2012 Presidential General Election Results, Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections
- 2012 Presidential Election at Our Campaigns
- Leip, David (2012). "2012 Presidential General Election Results". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Leip, David (2012). "2012 Presidential General Election Results - New Mexico". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Ciaramella, C. J. (September 26, 2011). Roger Stone endorses Gary Johnson for President. The Daily Caller. Retrieved September 26, 2011
- Mikolay, DJ. (September 28, 2011). The Only Republican Who Can Beat Obama. Mikolay.org. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- Hannan, Daniel. "Meet Gary Johnson, the most libertarian candidate ever to seek the US presidency". http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Three New Hampshire State Reps Endorse Gary Johnson For President, Gary Johnson for President Website, October 4, 2011.
- "TeaPot Party endorsements of Republicans". Teapotparty.org. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- "Gary Johnson 2012 Endorsements". Garyjohnson2012.com. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Stone, R (March 8, 2012). Roger Stone endorses Gary Johnson Libertarian Candidate for President. Huffington Post. Retrieved March 8th, 2012
- Why I Refuse to vote for Barack Obama at the Atlantic Monthly
- "Penn Jillette's 2012 pick: Gary Johnson". Politico.Com. 2012-05-21. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
- Martel, Frances. "Jesse Ventura Tells CNN Morning Crew Why Politicians Should Wear NASCAR Outfits". http://www.mediaite.com. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
- "What Others Are Saying About Gov. Gary Johnson". Gary Johnson 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Josiah Wampfler (October 1, 2012). "Philip Defranco Comes out In Support of Gary Johnson". Daily Paul. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- Philip DeFranco (2012). The Lazy, The Liars, and The Misinformed. Youtube. Event occurs at 2:56. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- "Napolitano on Gary Johnson". Independent Political Report. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- Napolitano, Andrew (Speaker) (12 July 2012). Judge Andrew Napolitano Wants you to VOTE Gary Johnson 2012 (in English). Las Vegas, Nevada. Event occurs at 4:30-5:20. Retrieved 23 September 2012. "You have the luxury of choices. You have the most dangerous president since Abraham Lincoln who wants to be reelected. You have a guy who, when he ran for the Senate ran to the left of Ted Kennedy; when he was governor of Massachusetts he governed like he was [inaudible]. Now that he’s running for president he claims to be a severe conservative. And you have a lover of liberty by the name of Governor Gary Johnson. You decide."
- Immel, Brandon (9 June 2012). "Immel Endorses Presidential Candidate Gary Johnson". Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- Bozarth, Mike (October 17, 2012). "Governor Gary Johnson Best Choice For President". Saint Joseph Telegraph. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Gary Johnson for president". Chattanooga Times Free Press. October 24, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "Our View: Write-in candidate Gary Johnson best choice for president". The Daily Telegram. November 4, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gary Johnson.|
- Gary Johnson 2012 official campaign website
- Biography at NNDB
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Works by or about Gary Johnson presidential campaign, 2012 in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal (paywall)
- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Financial information at FollowTheMoney.org
- 2001 Text of State of the State speech[dead link] (Archive)
- 2002 Text of State of the State speech[dead link] (Archive)
- Scan of the original anti-trust filings