Gary Lauck

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Gerhard Rex Lauck (born 1953) is an American neo-Nazi activist and publisher. Based in Lincoln, Nebraska, he is sometimes nicknamed the "Farm Belt Fuehrer" due to his rural origins.[1]

Overview[edit]

Gary Lauck was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on May 12, 1953 to a German-American family.[2] At age eleven, he moved to Lincoln, Nebraska with his family, his father becoming a professor of engineering at the University of Nebraska.[2] Lauck skipped his senior year of high school and then attended the University of Nebraska for two years.[2] By this point, he already held neo-Nazi beliefs. In 1978, he shot and wounded his brother Jerry after a political dispute.[2] Eventually, Lauck moved to Chicago, where he would spend most of his adult life.[2]

As leader of the NSDAP/AO he was in close contact with like-minded individuals and groups in Europe, notably Michael Kühnen with whom he worked closely from the 1970s.[1] His contacts with the German neo-Nazi scene had begun in 1971 when as an 18 year old Lauck had established the Auslandsorganisation (overseas organisation) of the National Socialist Combat Groups, a militant German neo-Nazi group that was quickly banned by the German government. Lauck's NSDAP/AO was established following this ban.[3] A noted Germanophile, Lauck sported a toothbrush moustache and used the Nazi salute as his regular greeting, whilst even speaking with an affected German accent.[1]

Although based in the USA, Lauck spent much of time as an activist in Europe, particularly during the early 1990s when the NSDAP/AO extended its network of contacts considerably. He produced large volumes of neo-Nazi literature in several languages and also dealt in computer discs detailing the building of bombs, both of which were distributed across a network of European contacts.[1] In 1990 he ensured that the NSDAP/AO would link up with the Swedish neo-Nazi group Sveriges Nationella Forbund, which became instrumental in forming the "Nordic National Socialist Bloc" with like-minded activists in Norway.[4] That same year he played a leading role in helping Kühnen, Gottfried Küssel and Christian Worch establish a network of Gesinnungsgemeinschaft der Neuen Front cells across the former East Germany following German reunification.[5] Two years later the NSDAP/AO also concluded an agreement with the National Socialist Movement of Denmark, which up to that point had been a leading organisation within the rival World Union of National Socialists (WUNS). The change occurred after Povl Riis-Knudsen, a leading figure in WUNS, had been expelled from the Danish Nazi movement for marrying a Palestinian woman.[4] During the early days of the Yugoslav Wars Lauck's journal New Order ran a series of articles in support of Croatia and in particular Ustaše and the magazine was instrumental in recruiting neo-Nazi linked mercenaries to fight for the Croatian cause.[6]

Lauck was arrested in Denmark in 1995, leading to a far right campaign in the USA against plans to extradite him to Germany, where he was wanted for distributing neo-Nazi propaganda.[7] Nevertheless Lauck was deported to Hamburg where he was tried and found guilty of distributing neo-Nazi pamphlets. He was sentenced to four years imprisonment.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Martin A. Lee, The Beast Reawakens, Warner Books, 1997, p. 246
  2. ^ a b c d e Stephen E. Atkins, Encyclopedia of Right-Wing Extremism in Modern American History, ABC-CLIO, 2011, p. 110.
  3. ^ Toe Bjorgo & Rob Witte, Racist Violence in Europe, St Martin's Press, 1993, p. 86
  4. ^ a b Bjorgo & Witte, Racist Violence in Europe, p. 87
  5. ^ Bjorgo & Witte, Racist Violence in Europe, pp. 89-90
  6. ^ Lee, The Beast Reawakens, pp. 297-298
  7. ^ Lee, The Beast Reawakens, p. 343
  8. ^ Lee, The Beast Reawakens, p. 378