Gary Peters (politician)

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Gary Peters
U.S. Rep. Gary Peters 2013 Official Photo.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 14th district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by John Conyers
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 9th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Joe Knollenberg
Succeeded by Sander Levin
Commissioner of the Michigan Lottery
In office
April 30, 2003 – January 13, 2008
Governor Jennifer Granholm
Preceded by Jim Kipp
Succeeded by Scott Bowen
Member of the Michigan Senate
from the 14th district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2002
Preceded by Jon Cisky [1]
Succeeded by Gilda Jacobs
Personal details
Born (1958-12-01) December 1, 1958 (age 55)
Pontiac, Michigan, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Colleen Ochoa
Children Gary
Madeleine
Alana
Alma mater Alma College
University of Detroit
Wayne State University
Michigan State University
Religion Episcopalian
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch US-DeptOfNavy-Seal.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1993–2000
2001–2005
Rank US-O4 insignia.svg Lieutenant Commander
Unit Seabee Combat Warfare Specialist
United States Navy Reserve
Awards Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal
Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal

Gary Peters (born December 1, 1958)[2] is the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 14th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2009. The district includes the eastern half of Detroit, as well as the Grosse Pointes, Hamtramck, Southfield and Pontiac. He is a member of the Democratic Party. He previously represented Michigan's 9th congressional district from 2009 to 2013. Prior to his election to Congress, Peters represented the 14th District in the Michigan Senate and was a political science professor at Central Michigan University. Following the redrawing of congressional district boundaries after the 2010 United States Census, Peters won re-election in the newly redrawn 14th District.[3] In 2013, Peters announced his intention to run in the 2014 election for the United States Senate seat being vacated by retiring Senator Carl Levin.[4]

Early life, education, and military service[edit]

Peters was born December 1, 1958 in Pontiac, where he grew up. He graduated from Alma College in 1980 and received a master of business administration degree from the University of Detroit in 1984. Peters also holds a degree from the Wayne State University Law School and an M.A. in philosophy from Michigan State University.

Peters served as a Lieutenant Commander and a Seabee Combat Warfare Specialist in the United States Navy Reserve. His reserve duty included time in the Persian Gulf supporting Operation Southern Watch, and he served overseas during increased military activity following the September 11, 2001 attacks. During his service he received awards and citations, including the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal and the Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal.[citation needed]

Business and academic career[edit]

Peters served as the third Griffin Endowed Chair in American Government at Central Michigan University from 2007 until his election to Congress. In that part-time position, he taught one class a semester, plus preparing additional student activities including two policy forums, and developing a journal of Michigan politics and policy, for $65,000 a year.[5] Peters announced his candidacy to run for Congress two months after being hired.[6] Student activists protested Peters’ hiring, saying he could not be objective in the classroom while running for office and that the university job was subsidizing his campaign.[6][7]

Peters also has taught finance at Wayne State and strategic management and business policy courses at Oakland University.

He has also been a senior policy and financial analyst for the Michigan Department of Treasury and held the roles of vice president of Investments at UBS PaineWebber Inc. branch in Rochester Hills and officer at Merrill Lynch in Rochester Hills.[8] He has served on arbitration panels for the National Association of Securities Dealers, the New York Stock Exchange and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.

Michigan Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

In November 1994, Peters was elected to the Michigan Senate to represent the Oakland County-based 14th district. He was re-elected in 1998 and served until 2002, when he was compelled to retire owing to the law on term limits. Peters was succeeded in the 14th district by Gilda Jacobs.

Tenure[edit]

The district is one of the most diverse state Senate districts—containing nearly every racial, ethnic and religious group in Michigan. Located in southeastern Oakland County, it includes the cities of Pontiac, Bloomfield Hills, Southfield, and Oak Park.

Peters was chosen by his Democratic colleagues to chair his party's caucus. He was also a member of the Michigan Law Revision Commission and served on the Michigan Sentencing Commission.[9] Both the Michigan State House of Representatives and the Senate passed a bill sponsored by Peters which banned any new wells under the state waters of the Great Lakes except in case of a state energy emergency. The bill passed into law without the signature of Governor John Engler.[10]

Committee assignments[edit]

He served as the vice chairman of the Senate Finance, Education, Judiciary and Economic Development Committees. He was also a member of the Natural Resources and the Mental Health and Human Services Committee.[9]

2002 statewide elections[edit]

In his final year as a member of the Michigan Senate, Peters was a candidate for governor and later for Attorney General. As the Democratic nominee for attorney general, he lost to Republican Mike Cox. Peters came within 5,200 votes of Cox—less than a 0.17 percent margin.[11][12] Peters decided not to contest the election results despite reported irregularities. Several mistakes were reportedly found during analysis, including a precinct in Dearborn which recorded Peters with 96 votes when he actually had 396. The race was the closest statewide contest in Michigan since the 1950 gubernatorial race.[13]

Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm appointed Peters as the Michigan Lottery commissioner on April 9, 2003, where he was preceded by Jim Kipp and succeeded by Scott Bowen.[14][15][16]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

2008

On August 7, 2007, Peters ended months of speculation by formally announcing he would run against eight-term Republican congressman Joe Knollenberg in the 9th District, which included almost all of Oakland County. Peters resigned as state lottery commissioner to devote his full energy to the campaign.

Knollenberg was considered vulnerable due to an increasing Democratic trend in what was once a heavily Republican district. He was nearly defeated in 2006 by Nancy Skinner, a former radio talk-show host who spent virtually no money, leading the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee to target him for defeat. Knollenberg's opponents in 2002 and 2004 performed significantly below the Democratic base in the 9th District.

In the 2002 state attorney general race, Peters performed at or above the Democratic base in 72 percent of the 9th District precincts. In his 1998 state Senate campaign, he performed at or above base in 99 percent of the precincts.[17]

Peters won the November 4 election by 33,524 votes, taking 52 percent of the vote to Knollenberg's 43 percent. Barack Obama carried Oakland County by 15 points; roughly two-thirds of Oakland County was in the 9th. He was the fourth person and first Democrat to represent the district since its creation in 1933.[18]

2010

Peters defeated challenges by Republican Andrew (Rocky) Raczkowski, Libertarian Adam Goodman, Independent Bob Gray, Independent Matthew Kuofie, and Green Douglas Campbell.[19]

2012

Due to the state's population decline, as reflected by the 2010 Federal Census, Michigan lost one congressional district. As a result of the subsequent redistricting of house seats, much of Peters' 9th district, including his home in Bloomfield Hills, was merged with the 12th district, represented by fellow Democrat Sandy Levin. The new district retained Peters' district number—the 9th—but geographically was more Levin's district.

In September 2011, Peters opted to run in the newly redrawn 14th District. The district had previously been the 13th District, represented by freshman Democrat Hansen Clarke. The redrawn district is based in Detroit, but contains a large chunk of Peters' old State Senate district and portions of his old congressional district. Indeed, Peters had represented most of the Oakland County portion of the district at one time or another. Due to Detroit's dwindling population, it was no longer possible to keep the district exclusively within Wayne County. In the August 2012 Democratic primary, he defeated Clarke (who opted to follow most of his constituents into the reconfigured 14th even though his home had been drawn into the reconfigured 13th—the old 14th) and Southfield Mayor Brenda Lawrence. The 14th is a heavily Democratic, 58 percent black-majority district, and Peters was overwhelmingly favored in November. As expected, he bested Republican John Hauler in the general election with 82 percent of the vote.

Tenure[edit]

Gary Peters was sworn into his first term in January 2009. During his time in office, he's voted for the Recovery Act economic stimulus package, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the American Clean Energy and Security Act to establish a national emissions trading plan, the Paycheck Fairness Act, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, and the DREAM Act to provide conditional permanent residency to certain immigrants.

Peters worked with the Obama Administration to obtain debt forgiveness for Chrysler.[20] For his work, House Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank said Peters was the "single most effective person" in fighting against the forces that wanted to let Detroit go bankrupt.[21] In Congress, Peters worked to stop the GOP from cutting $1.5 billion from the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) loan program.[22] Peters also played a role in writing and passing the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act as one of 10 Democratic members of Congress tasked to serve on the Conference Committee.[23] In this capacity, Peters worked to include his Shareholder Empowerment Act[24] in the final legislation. This legislation gave shareholders the power to vote on CEO bonuses and wages.[25]

In July 2010, the Michigan Messenger wrote that Peters was "criticizing the leadership of his own party. Peters and three other Democratic legislators...this week formed the Spending Cuts and Deficit Reduction Working Group and proposed a series of bills to cut spending. Peters’ bill makes cuts in the federal energy budget.”[26] “We have been growing increasingly frustrated with the lack of action and talking about specifics and putting those on the table,” Peters said. “We’ve been frustrated with both Democratic leadership and Republicans.”[27]

Peters allied himself with the Occupy Wall Street movement, making an appearance at Occupy Detroit on November 6. Speaking to reporters, he stated: "It's speculation on Wall Street that we're still paying the price for here, particularly in Detroit that almost brought the auto industry to a collapse because of what we saw on Wall Street. So we put in restrictions, or put in regulations necessary to reign that in, and right now in Washington I’m facing a Republican majority that wants to undo that."[28]

He was one of 118 house Democrats who signed a letter to the president urging him to support the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), a multinational organization that provides health services (including birth control) to women, children and families in over 150 countries.[29]

Peters voiced opposition to a Michigan law which prohibits insurers from offering abortion coverage as a standard feature in new health plans. Peters said he "wants to make sure abortion is accessible and cheap for his daughters."[30]

Committee assignments[edit]

Leadership

Peters was named senior whip for the Democratic caucus in 2013.[31]

2014 U.S. Senate election[edit]

Peters is running for the Senate seat being vacated by retiring Senator Carl Levin.[32] Peters was endorsed by Levin and Senator Debbie Stabenow, and his entrance largely cleared the field of potential Democratic challengers.[33]

Peters' second largest campaign contributor has been Dow Chemical, which has called for expanded hydraulic fracturing in Michigan and elsewhere in the United States.[34]

Peters' largest independent supporter, Senate Majority PAC, which is associated with Senator Harry Reid and billionaire Michael Bloomberg, has also spent $3,158,755.00 in ads attacking Peter's opponent in the race.[35]

The National Republican Senatorial Committee called on Peters to return campaign contributions from the National Treasury Employees Union, the union that represents IRS employees. Peters has received $8,500 in campaign contributions from the union. Peters was one of 13 Democratic lawmakers who was asked repeatedly to release emails pertaining to the 2013 IRS controversy, but he declined.[36][37]

Personal life[edit]

Peters is married to Colleen Ochoa from Waterford and they have three children. They reside in Bloomfield Hills.[38]

Peters had assets of at least $970,000 and possibly as high as $3.9 million at the end of 2012.[39]

Electoral history[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Index to Politicians". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Biographical sketch" (PDF). Michigan Manual, 1999-2000. Michigan Legislature. p. 166. Retrieved 14 October 2007. 
  3. ^ http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0911/62834.html
  4. ^ Rachel Weiner and Aaron Blake (March 8, 2013). "Sen. Carl Levin won't seek reelection in 2014 - The Washington Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ Gray, Kathleen (October 31, 2008). "Ads' harshest claims stretch the truth in Knollenberg-Peters race". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Schmidt, Peter (July 22, 2010). "At Central Michigan U., Professors Fight To Protect Their Political Ambitions". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "It's official: Peters will take on Knollenberg". Detroit Free Press. August 8, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ Weeks, George (April 10, 03). "Mich. Lottery Czar Is Named; Granholm Appoints Gary Peters, Who Ran For Attorney General". The Detroit News. 
  9. ^ a b "Biographies of Commission Members and Staff". Michigan Law Revision Commission Thirty-first Annual Report, 1996. West Publishing Company. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  10. ^ "Oakland Press". Local News September 1, 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-09. [dead link]
  11. ^ Enders, David (November 26, 2002). "New York Times". National Briefing Michigan: Candidate Won't Seek Recount. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  12. ^ "2002 Attorney General Election Results". U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  13. ^ "The State News". Peters won't request for election recount. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  14. ^ http://www.michigan.gov/lottery/0,4603,7-110-29196_29199---,00.html
  15. ^ http://www.michigan.gov/granholm/0,4587,7-168-23442_21974-183233--,00.html
  16. ^ http://waddell.casinocitytimes.com/article/governor-appoints-gary-peters-as-new-state-lottery-commissioner-17531
  17. ^ "Swing State Project". 9th District. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  18. ^ Gray, Kathleen. "Democratic wave helps Peters win in 9th District". Detroit Free Press. 
  19. ^ State of Michigan. "9th District Representative in Congress 2 Year Term (1) Position Files In OAKLAND County". State of Michigan. 
  20. ^ "Debtholders vs. U.S. Over Chrysler Deal". New York Times. April 22, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Peters, principally". Metro Times. 
  22. ^ Kingkade, Tyler (September 15, 2011). "House Republicans Seek Auto Industry Cuts To Cover For Disaster Relief Funds". Huffington Post. 
  23. ^ "Pelosi Names House Democratic Conferees to Advance Historic Wall Street Reform Legislation". Press Release - Democratic Leader. 
  24. ^ "H.R.2861". Clerk of the House. 
  25. ^ "FINAL WALL STREET REFORM LEGISLATION PASSES HOUSE". Press Release. 
  26. ^ "Peters criticizes Dem. leadership on spending". The Michigan Messenger. The American Independent News Network. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  27. ^ "Four House Democrats revolt". Politico. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  28. ^ Fisher, Beth (November 6, 2011). "Occupy Detroit Gets Union Support". CBS Detroit. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Over 100 Democrats Join Reps. Crowley, Maloney, Lowey and Berman in Call for Continued Support of UNFPA". Joseph Crowley. November 3, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  30. ^ Oosting, Jonathan (2014-03-20). "Right to Life: Gary Peters 'wants to make sure abortion is accessible and cheap for his daughters'". MLive. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  31. ^ Spangler, Todd (9 January 2013). "Gary Peters nabs senior whip position in Congress". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  32. ^ Fritz Klug. "Democrat Gary Peters says he wants to continue Carl Levin's legacy in US Senate". MLive. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  33. ^ Klug, Fritz (23 May 2013). "U.S. Senators Carl Levin, Debbie Stabenow endorse Gary Peters in 2014 U.S. Senate election". MLive. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  34. ^ McMorris, Bill (28 May 2014). "Environmentalist Dem Praises Dow Chemical During Town Hall". The Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  35. ^ http://fec.gov/data/IndependentExpenditure.do?format=html&id=ieNational&election_yr=2014&candidateOfficeState=MI&candOffice=S
  36. ^ Klug, Fritz (2013-05-20). "Gary Peters receives early endorsement; Republican group calls on Peters to return IRS Union contributions". MLive. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  37. ^ McMorris, Bill (2014-06-18). "Gary Peters Has Received Thousands From Union Representing IRS Agents". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  38. ^ "The Michigan Bar Journal". Gary Peters: A legal education put to many uses. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  39. ^ White, Ed (4 July 2013). "Report reveals assets of Senate candidate Gary Peters". Associated Press. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Joe Knollenberg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 9th congressional district

2009–2013
Succeeded by
Sander Levin
Preceded by
John Conyers
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 14th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Carl Levin
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Michigan
(Class 2)

2014
Most recent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Erik Paulsen
United States Representatives by seniority
249th
Succeeded by
Chellie Pingree