||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
|Municipality and town|
Location of the municipality and town of Garzón (Colombia) in the Huila Department of Colombia.
|• Municipality and town||580 km2 (220 sq mi)|
|• Urban||200 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||828 m (2,717 ft)|
|• Municipality and town||80,000 (year 2,010)|
|Time zone||Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)|
Garzon is a municipality located in the center of the Colombian department of Huila, about 450 kilometers south of Bogotá, 114 miles south of the provincial capital, Neiva. Known as the Diocesan Capital of Huila is being the first Catholic diocese in the region, also Garzón is called "the Soul of Huila". It is a city proud of its religious architecture and culture .
The town began to form toward the year 1775 on lands donated by Don Vicente Manrique de Lara. In 1783 at the initiative of some of its inhabitants (Francisco Manrique), it was officially founded the hamlet known as Garzoncito. On January 1, 1788 was granted the status of municipality and the 1810 received the title of Villa. Decree May 19, 1825 the town was appointed as head of the Canton of Timaná; later became the capital of the southern province of Tolima Sovereign state and by creating the department of Huila, was head of one of the three provinces where it was divided the new department.
The municipality is mainly agricultural, based on the cultivation of coffee, cacao, fruits and livestock. Fish farming is an important part of their production line thanks its water wealth. Garzón market products are especially sold in Neiva and Bogota.
The town of Garzón is known for its mild climate, has a winter season (rainy season) in the months of March, April and May, and summer season in other months of the year (November, December and January) where high temperatures are reached, which can reach 30°C.
Rivers bathe its soils like Magdalena and Suaza, other minor rivers like Agua Caliente, Caguancito, Cara de Perro, Damas, Garzoncito, Pescado and Río Loro.