Gasconade County, Missouri
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 25, 1820|
|Named for||The Gasconade River|
|• Total||526.09 sq mi (1,363 km2)|
|• Land||520.67 sq mi (1,349 km2)|
|• Water||5.43 sq mi (14 km2), 1.03|
|• Density||30/sq mi (11/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Gasconade County is a county located in east central Missouri in the United States. The county is located on the south side of the Missouri River, which once served as the chief route of transportation in the state. It is located in the area known as the Missouri Rhineland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,222. The county seat is Hermann. The county was named after the Gasconade River. Some of the land on the eastern border of the county is considered to be part of the rural exurbs of the Greater Saint Louis Metropolitan Area.
Because of its distinctive conditions, the Hermann area was designated an American Viticultural Area (AVA) in 1983. The southern part of the county is within the larger Ozark Highlands AVA, established in 1987.
- 1 Origin of name
- 2 Geography
- 3 Education
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cities and towns
- 6 Politics
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Origin of name
Gasconade County (and the Gasconade River) received its name from French-speaking settlers. They came from the Gascony region in southwestern France during French colonial rule of New France (Louisiana Territory).
According to Robert L. Ramsay, the French colonial inhabitants of this region had the same boastful character as the inhabitants of Gascony in France, hence the name Gasconade, meaning 'Gascony-like.'
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 526.09 square miles (1,362.6 km2), of which 520.67 square miles (1,348.5 km2) (or 98.97%) is land and 5.43 square miles (14.1 km2) (or 1.03%) is water.
- Montgomery County (north)
- Warren County (northeast)
- Franklin County (east)
- Crawford County (southeast)
- Phelps County (south)
- Maries County (southwest)
- Osage County (west)
- Callaway County (northwest at a point in the Missouri River)
- Gasconade County R-I School District - Hermann
- Hermann Elementary School (K-03)
- Hermann Middle School (04-08)
- Hermann High School (09-12)
- Gasconade County R-II School District - Owensville
- Gerald Elementary School (K-05) - Gerald
- Owensville Elementary School (K-05)
- Owensville Middle School (06-08)
- Owensville High School (09-12)
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,342 people, 6,171 households, and 4,288 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,813 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.69% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Approximately 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,171 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,047, and the median income for a family was $41,518. Males had a median income of $29,659 versus $20,728 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,319. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Gasconade County. Republicans hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||Joseph M. Mundwiller||Democratic|
|Circuit Clerk||Joyce Gabathuler||Republican|
|County Clerk||Lesa Lietzow||Republican|
|Nicholas H. "Nick" Baxter||Democratic|
|Jerry D. Lairmore||Republican|
|Coroner||Benjamin D. Grosse||Republican|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Ada Brehe-Kreuger||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Fay Owsley||Republican|
|Treasurer||Joey R. Gross||Republican|
|2008||55.78% 4,307||42.90% 3,313||1.32% 102|
|2004||65.36% 4,696||33.57% 2,412||1.07% 77|
|2000||61.83% 4,091||35.31% 2,336||2.86% 189|
|1996||50.99% 3,042||46.36% 2,766||2.65% 158|
Gasconade County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.
- District 111 - Dave Schatz (R-Sullivan). Consists of the community of Rosebud. Schatz defeated Democrat Tod C. DeVeydt 71.84-28.16 percent in the district.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 111 - Gasconade County (2010)|
|Democratic||Tod C. DeVeydt||384||25.69%|
- District 112 – Tom Loehner (R-Koeltztown). Consists of all of the communities of Bland, Gasconade, Hermann, Morrison, and Owensville. Loehner defeated Democrat Mark A. Schaeperkoetter 68.83-31.17 percent in the district.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 112 - Gasconade County (2010)|
|Democratic||Mark A. Schaeperkoetter||1,627||39.48%|
All of Gasconade County is a part of Missouri's 26th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Dan W. Brown (R-Rolla). Brown defeated Democratic incumbent State Senator Frank Barnitz 58.27-41.73 percent in the district in 2010. The 16th Senatorial District consists of all of Crawford, Dent, Gasconade, Maries, Montgomery, Osage, Phelps, and Pulaski counties.
|Missouri Senate - District 16 - Gasconade County (2010)|
|Republican||Dan W. Brown||3,348||60.13%|
|Democratic||Frank A. Barnitz||2,220||39.87%|
|U.S. House of Representatives - Missouri's 9th Congressional District - Gasconade County (2010)|
|Libertarian||Christopher W. Dwyer||883||16.59|
|2008||61.29% 4,763||37.31% 2,899||1.40% 109|
|2004||66.28% 4,753||32.84% 2,355||0.88% 63|
|2000||63.21% 4,190||34.05% 2,257||2.74% 182|
|1996||50.19% 2,997||35.24% 2,104||14.57% 870|
At the presidential level, Gasconade County is one of the most reliably Republican strongholds in the state of Missouri. No Democrat has won the county in a presidential election since before the U.S. Civil War.
Like most rural areas throughout Northeast Missouri, voters in Gasconade County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Gasconade County with 76.48 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Gasconade County with 58.61 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Gasconade County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Gasconade County with 74.74 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor. (During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.)
Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 848, than any candidate from either party in Gasconade County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||793 (40.25%)|
|Mike Huckabee||514 (26.09%)|
|Mitt Romney||536 (27.21%)|
|Ron Paul||75 (3.81%)|
|Gasconade County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||848 (53.54%)|
|Barack Obama||692 (43.69%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||25 (1.58%)|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Find more about Gasconade County, Missouri at Wikipedia's sister projects|
|Media from Commons|
|Database entry Q490386 on Wikidata|
- CountyNewsLIVE.com (Hermann)
- Gasconade County Republican (Owensville)
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Gasconade County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
||Montgomery County||Warren County|
|Osage County||Franklin County|
|Maries County||Phelps County||Crawford County|