Gasherbrum IV from Baltoro Glacier
|Elevation||7,925 m (26,001 ft)
|Prominence||718 m (2,356 ft)|
|Xinjiang, China; Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan|
|Range||Baltoro Muztagh, Karakoram|
|First ascent||August 6, 1958 by Walter Bonatti and Carlo Mauri|
|Easiest route||snow/ice climb|
Gasherbrum IV (Urdu: گاشر برم -4; simplified Chinese: 加舒尔布鲁木IV峰; traditional Chinese: 加舒爾布魯木IV峰; pinyin: Jiāshūěrbùlǔmù IV Fēng) is the 17th highest mountain on Earth and the 6th highest in Pakistan. It is one of the peaks in the Gasherbrum massif.
The Gasherbrums are a remote group of peaks located at the northeastern end of the Baltoro Glacier in the Karakoram range of the Himalaya. The massif contains three of the world's 8,000 metre peaks (if one includes Broad Peak). Gasherbrum is often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably a reference to the highly visible west face of Gasherbrum IV; but in fact, it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) and "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence it actually means "beautiful mountain."
Notable ascents and attempts
- 1958 First ascent by Walter Bonatti and Carlo Mauri by the Northeast Ridge on an Italian expedition led by Riccardo Cassin.
- 1985 First ascent of the 10,000 ft (3,000 m) high West face by Robert Schauer (Austria) and Wojciech Kurtyka (Poland). However, bad weather and extreme exhaustion forced them to stop at the north summit, missing the true summit.
- 1986 First ascent of the Northwest ridge by Greg Child, Tim Macartney-Snape and Tom Hargis. This was the second ascent of Gasherbrum IV.
- 1997 First ascent of the Central Spur of the west face by a Korean team (a different line). Bang Jung-ho, Kim Tong-kwan and Yoo Huk-jae reached the summit after a sieged ascent quoted as 5.10 A3.
- 1999 Second ascent of the Northwest ridge by Kang Yeon-ryong and Yun Chi-won, part of a 13-member Korean team.
- 2008 Third ascent of the Northwest Ridge by a Spanish team composed of Alberto Iñurrategi, Juan Vallejo, José Carlos Tamayo, Mikel Zabalza, and Ferran Latorre The team did not get to the main summit, but stopped at a minor peak a short distance from the true summit.
- "Gasherbrum IV". SummitPost.org. http://www.summitpost.org/page/154584. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- "Gasherbrum IV". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- H. Adams Carter, "Balti Place Names in the Karakoram", American Alpine Journal 49 (1975), p. 53.
- Griffin, Lindsay (August 30, 2008). "Gasherbrums Update". Alpinist Newswire. Alpinist Magazine. Retrieved Nov 16, 2009.
- Child, Greg (1987). "Gasherbrum IV's Northwest Ridge". American Alpine Journal (New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club) 29 (61): 17–25. ISBN 0-930410-29-7.
- Carbonell, Rafael (August 8, 2008). "Oro en el Himalaya". El País.
- mounteverest.net - Interview with Juan Vallejo, member of the Spanish team
- Jerzy Wala, The Eight-Thousand Metre Peaks of the Karakoram (orographical sketch map, revised), Kraków, Poland, 1994