Gaslamp Quarter, San Diego
||This article may contain wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information. (March 2013)|
Gaslamp Quarter Historic District
|Location:||Bounded by RR tracks, Broadway, 4th, and 6th Aves., San Diego, California|
|Area:||38 acres (15 ha)|
|Architectural style:||Late Victorian, Art Deco|
|Added to NRHP:||May 23, 1980|
|Designated SDHL:||June 2, 1978|
The Gaslamp Quarter is the historic heart of San Diego, California. It is a 16½ block historical neighborhood in Downtown San Diego and is the center of downtown night life. The Quarter is home to many events and festivals, including Mardi Gras in the Gaslamp, Street Scene Music Festival, Taste of Gaslamp and ShamROCK, a St. Patrick's Day event. PETCO Park, home of the San Diego Padres is located one block away in downtown San Diego's East Village.
The area is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places as Gaslamp Quarter Historic District. Its main period of development began in 1867, when Alonzo Horton bought the land in hopes of creating a new city center closer to the bay, and chose 5th Avenue as its main street. After a period of urban decay, the neighborhood underwent urban renewal in the 1980s and 1990s, and is today an energetic business and entertainment district.
The Gaslamp Quarter extends from Broadway to Harbor Drive, and from 4th to 6th Avenue, covering 16½ blocks. It includes 94 historic buildings, most of which were constructed in the Victorian Era, and are still in use with active tenants including restaurants, shops and nightclubs.
When development of the area began in the 1860s, the area currently known as the Gaslamp Quarter was known as New Town, in contrast to Old Town, which was the original Spanish colonial settlement of San Diego. The name "Gaslamp Quarter" is a reference to the gas lamps that were common in San Diego in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Four new gaslamps have been installed at the intersection of Market Street and 5th Avenue to evoke that time.
The Gaslamp Quarter features a pedestrian scramble at the intersection of 5th Avenue and Market Street.
1950s-1970s: The decaying Gaslamp Quarter becomes known as a "Sailor's Entertainment" district, with a high concentration of pornographic theaters, bookshops and massage parlors.
1970: The start of the public interest in preserving buildings downtown, especially in Gaslamp Quarter.
1976: The city adopted the Gaslamp Quarter Urban Design and Development Manual, aimed at preserving buildings in the area, and the redevelopment of Gaslamp Quarter as a national historic district.
1982: Gaslamp Quarter became the major focus of the redevelopments in downtown by the city of San Diego.
The Gaslamp Quarter draws a cosmopolitan populace to its streets. While the Quarter itself is largely devoid of sky scrapers and high rise buildings, the architecture is sophisticated and reflects a period of Victorian-style development in the city. The name sake of the Quarter, gas lamps line the streets of the Quarter on all blocks of the area. The abundance of dining venues reveals international aspects of the city that provide people with a variety of dining options reflecting global cuisine.
Shopping venues abound in the Quarter. While numerous clothing stores occupy storefront locations in the Quarter, adjacent Horton Plaza is the larger shopping center accommodating numerous stores.
See also 
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Historical Landmarks Designated by the San Diego Historical Resources Board". City of San Diego.
- "Gaslamp Quarter Historical Foundation".
- "San Diego Historical Society".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Gaslamp Quarter, San Diego|
- Gaslamp Quarter Association
- Gaslamp Quarter Historical Foundation
- Centre City Development Corporation
- San Diego Downtown
- Information about Gaslamp Neighborhood