Gaspar de Lemos
Gaspar de Lemos (15th century) was a Portuguese explorer and captain of the supply ship of Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet that discovered Brazil. Gaspar de Lemos was sent back to Portugal with news of their discovery and was credited by the Viscount of Santarém as having discovered the Fernando de Noronha archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. Gaspar de Lemos was one of many explorers of the new world.
Very little is known about the life of Gaspar de Lemos. It is postulated that he was a part of the Morgada family, originally from the Kingdom of León, but came to Portugal during the reign of Afonso IV (1325–1357). Upon his arrival back to Europe after participation in the exploration of the new world, the name Gaspar de Lemos disappears from the historical record, only to reappear later between 1536 and 1537 in India, under the service of Martim Afonso de Sousa. No further information has been discovered.
Discoveries and Expeditions
Gaspar de Lemos was the commander of a supply ship from Pedro Alvares Cabral's fleet. Cabral choose him to return to Portugal after the sighting of the new world to let King Manuel I know of its existence. De Lemos returned to Portugal bringing Pedro Vaz de Caminha's letter announcing the "discovery" of Brazil.
This expedition is credited with:
- The discovery of the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha
- The discovery of the bay that he named Bay of All Saints on November 1st, 1501
- The discovery of the Bay of Guanabara, which he mistook as a river and named Rio de Janeiro on January 1st, 1502
- The discovery of the island of São Vicente, on January 22, 1502.
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- SANTANA, Celia; Gaspar de Lemos, the Discoverers in Brazil. Explorers of the Atlantic Builders and the State of India, ed. João Paulo Oliveira e Costa, Lisbon Historical Society Independence of Portugal, pp. . 209-214
- "Klick Educação - Banco De Respostas - Educacao Infantil - Quem Foi Gaspar De Lemos?" Klick Educação - Banco De Respostas - Educacao Infantil - Quem Foi Gaspar De Lemos? Accessed October 21, 2014.
- "VEJA NA HISTÃRIA | Julho De 1501: Descobrimento | A Nova Terra: Santa Cruz." VEJA NA HISTÃRIA | Julho De 1501: Descobrimento | A Nova Terra: Santa Cruz. Accessed October 21, 2014. http://veja.abril.com.br/historia/descobrimento/nova-terra-santa-cruz.shtml.