Gaspard de Gueidan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gaspard de Gueidan
Gueidan.jpg
1738 portrait by Hyacinthe Rigaud
Born April 10, 1688
Aix-en-Provence
Died February 23, 1767
Aix-en-Provence
Nationality French
Occupation Public official
Religion Roman Catholic
Spouse(s) Angélique de Simiane
Children Joseph Gaspard de Gueidan
Anne Adélaïde de Gueidan
Catherine de Gueidan
Pierre Claude Secret de Gueidan
Étienne Alexandre de Gueidan
Timoléon de Gueidan
Parent(s) Pierre de Gueidan
Madeleine de Trets

Gaspard de Gueidan (de Valabre) (1688-1767) was a French aristocrat and lawyer. He served as the Président à mortier of the Parliament of Aix-en-Provence.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Gaspard de Gueidan was born on April 10, 1688 in Aix-en-Provence.[1][2] He grew up at the Hôtel de Gueydan, located at 22 on the Cours Mirabeau.[3] He was baptised as a Roman Catholic in the Église de la Madeleine in Aix.[4]

His family were bourgeois from Reillanne.[1][2] His grandfather Gaspard Gueidan (1616-1697), married to Catherine Brémond, purchased a position at the Court of Finances, thus becoming a member of the French aristocracy.[2][5] His father was Pierre de Gueidan, a wealthy lawyer, and his mother, Madeleine de Trets.[6]

Career[edit]

He entered the Parliament of Aix-en-Provence, where he served as Advocate General, protecting the concerns of the elite.[2][6][7] By the 1730s, his speeches were printed.[2] In 1740, he became Président à mortier of the Parliament of Aix.[2][6][7]

He was a member of the Académie de Marseille and dreamt of being elected to the Académie française.[2]

His portrait was painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659–1743) in 1738.[7][8][9] The painting is based on the character of "Celadon" in L'Astrée by Honoré d'Urfé (1568-1635).[8][9] It is now displayed in the Musée Granet in Aix.[7][8][9]

Personal life[edit]

He married Angélique de Simiane, daughter of Joseph marquis de Simiane and Marguerite de Valbelle, on March 24, 1724.[6] They had six children:

  • Joseph Gaspard de Gueidan (1725-1784). His second wife was Henriette de Félix d'Ollières. They had a son:
    • Alphonse de Gueidan (1783-1853). He married Joséphine Sibillot.

After Joseph's death, Henriette married Jules Lemercier de Maisoncelle de Richemond (1803-1882). After his death, she donated the Château de Valabre to the city of Gardanne.

  • Anne Adélaïde de Gueidan (1725-1786). She married Pierre Louis de Demandolx La Palud on January 24, 1745. She was also the mistress of Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) by some accounts.[10]
  • Catherine de Gueidan (1728-1759). She married Claude de Prats on August 4, 1749.
  • Pierre Claude Secret de Gueidan (1733-unknown). He became a Knight of Malta.
  • Étienne Alexandre de Gueidan (1735-unknown). He also became a Knight of Malta.
  • Timoléon de Gueidan (1744-unknown). He also became a Knight of Malta.

He died on February 23, 1767 in Aix-en-Provence.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gaspard de Gueidan, Discours prononcés au Parlement de Provence par un de messieurs les avocats généraux (Volumes 1 and 2, chez Quillau, 1739).[11]
  • Gaspard de Gueidan, Discours prononcés au Parlement de Provence par un de messieurs les avocats généraux (Volume 2, 1741).[12]
  • Gaspard de Gueidan, Discours prononcés au parlement de Provence (Volume 3, de Nully, 1753).[13]
  • Gaspard de Gueidan, Discours prononcés au parlement de Provence (Volume 5, 1762).[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Monique Cubells, La Provence des lumières : Les parlementaires d'Aix au XVIIIe siècle, Paris: Maloine, 1984, p. 42
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Christian Wieland (ed.), Jörn Leonhard (ed.), What Makes the Nobility Noble?: Comparative Perspectives from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011 p. 283 [1]
  3. ^ Ambroise Roux-Alphéran, Les Rues d'Aix, Aubin, 1848 [2]
  4. ^ Bertrand Jestaz, Art et artistes en France de la Renaissance à la Révolution, Paris: Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 2003, p. 259
  5. ^ Michel Vovelle, Les folies d'Aix ou la fin d'un monde, Le temps des cerises, 2003, p. 182-183
  6. ^ a b c d Myra Nan Rosenfeld, Largillierre and the eighteenth-century portrait, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, 1982, p. 299 [3]
  7. ^ a b c d Katharine Baetjer, Pastel Portraits: Images of 18th-Century Europe, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011, p. 19 [4]
  8. ^ a b c Joanna Woodall, Portraiture: Facing the Subject, Manchester University Press, 1997, p. 69 [5]
  9. ^ a b c Michael Levey, Painting and Sculpture in France, 1700-1789, Yale University Press, 1993, p. 7 [6]
  10. ^ Judith Summers, Casanova's Women: The Great Seducer and the Women He Loved, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012, pp. 144-167 [7]
  11. ^ Google Books
  12. ^ Google Books
  13. ^ Google Books
  14. ^ Google Books