Gastropub

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The Eagle, the first pub to which the term gastropub was applied

A gastropub or gastrolounge is a bar and restaurant that serves high-end beer and food.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The term gastropub, a portmanteau of gastronomy and pub, originated in the United Kingdom in the late 20th century. British pubs were drinking establishments and little emphasis was placed on the serving of food.[2] If pubs served meals they were usually basic cold dishes such as a ploughman's lunch.[3] In South East England (especially London) it was common until recent times for vendors selling cockles, whelks, mussels and other shellfish, to sell to customers during the evening and at closing time. Many mobile shellfish stalls would set up near pubs, a practice that continues in London's East End.

"Pub grub" expanded to include British food items such as steak and ale pie, shepherd's pie, fish and chips, bangers and mash, Sunday roast, ploughman's lunch, and pasties. In addition, dishes such as burgers, chips, lasagne and chilli con carne are often served.[4][5]

The term "gastropub" was coined in 1991[citation needed] when David Eyre and Mike Belben took over The Eagle pub in Clerkenwell, London.[6] The concept of a restaurant in a pub reinvigorated both pub culture and British dining,[7] though it has occasionally attracted criticism for potentially removing the character of traditional pubs.[8] "Gastropub" was added to the 2012 update of Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary in August 2012.[9]

History[edit]

The gastropub phenomenon took off in the United States in the early 1990s at gastropubs such as Dhillons by Chef Matt Dhillon in Las Vegas & Fitzgeralds Huntington Beach & later such places as, The Redwood Downtown Los Angeles, recently places like Red Table in Huntington Beach, CA., restaurateur and chef Sang Yoon's Father's Office[10][11] which had what Esquire magazine called one of the best burgers in the world,[12] Ford's Filling Station in Culver City, a gastropub run by actor Harrison Ford's son Ben Ford,[13] Brickyard,[14][15] Cobblestone's in York, PA, and The Spotted Pig in Manhattan,[16] The Ithaca Ale House in Ithaca, NY, [17] The Wobbly Olive in Long Island, NY,[18] and The Monk's Kettle in San Francisco.[19]

There are also several gastropubs in Norway: Kick Malt & Mat,[20] The Crossroad Club[21] in Oslo, Grünerløkka Brygghus[22] in Oslo and Jacobs[23] in Bergen. Montys Gastropub in St Catharines,[24]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Farley, David (May 24, 2009). "New York Develops a Taste for Gastropubs". The Washington Post. 
  2. ^ "Pub Food". Lookupapub.co.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  3. ^ "Ploughman's Lunch - Icons of England". Icons.org.uk. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Better Pub Grub
  5. ^ Mirror.co.uk
  6. ^ Norrington-Davies, Tom (24 November 2005). "Is the gastropub making a meal of it?". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 10 July 2008. 
  7. ^ "American gastropub: what's in a name?". Art Culinaire (via findarticles.com). Spring 2007. Archived from the original on 13 May 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  8. ^ Norrington-Davies, Tom (24 November 2005). "Is the gastropub making a meal of it? - Telegraph". London: telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  9. ^ "A Sample of New Dictionary Words for 2012". Retrieved 16 August 2012. 
  10. ^ LA Weekly
  11. ^ Time Out
  12. ^ Iwata, Edward (2008-06-09). "Chef Sang Yoon makes his mark with beer and burgers". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  13. ^ The Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ The New York Times
  15. ^ The Village Voice
  16. ^ New York Times
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ The Wobbly Olive
  19. ^ Pub 32 Irish Gastropub in Sarasota, FL perfectly blends together the fun of an Irish pub atmosphere and the high quality food expected at a Gastropub,[2]
  20. ^ Kickcafe.no
  21. ^ Oslos første gastropub
  22. ^ Grünerløkka Brygghus
  23. ^ Jacobsbergen.no
  24. ^ [3]