Gta’ language

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Region India
Native speakers
3,100  (1991 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 gaq
Glottolog gata1239[2]

The Gta’ language (also known as Gataʔ, Gataq, Getaq, Getaʔ, Gtaʔ, Gata, Gta Asa, Didei, Didayi [ɖiɖaːj(i)], or Dire) is a language spoken by the Didayi people of India. It is notable for its sesquisyllabic phonology (Anderson 2008:684-5).


Gta’ is spoken by 4,500 people primarily in Malkangiri district, Odisha as well as adjoining areas of Koraput district (Anderson 2008:682). Gta’ can be divided into two main varieties, namely Plains Gta’ and Hill Gta’.


The Gta’ language belongs to the South Munda subgroup of the Munda branch of the Austroasiatic language family.[1] Within South Munda, Gta’ is generally considered to be the first branch off a node that also subsumes the Remo and Gutob languages; this subgroup of South Munda is known as Gutob–Remo–Gataq.

Professor Emeritus Norman Zide writes, "The Gtaʔ (Didayi) language is a phonologically and morphologically divergent branch of the Gutob–Remo–Gta? (GRG) branch of South Munda."


  1. ^ a b Gataq at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Gata'". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.

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