Coryell County courthouse
|Nickname(s): Spur Capital of Texas|
Location of Gatesville, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor David Byrom
|• City Manager||Roger L. Mumby|
|• Total||8.7 sq mi (22.5 km2)|
|• Land||8.7 sq mi (22.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||807 ft (246 m)|
|• Density||1,794.2/sq mi (692.7/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC–6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1357921|
Gatesville is a city in and the county seat of Coryell County in Central Texas, United States of America. The population was 15,399 at the 2010 census. The city has five of the eight prisons and state jails for women operated by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, and one of the facilities, the Mountain View Unit, has the state's death row for women.
- Donated in 1991, the Coryell County Museum in Gatesville is home to the Loyd and Madge Mitchell Collection of about 10,000 pairs of spurs, thought to be the largest spur collection in the world. In 2001, the 77th Texas Legislature designated Gatesville the "Spur Capital of the Texas".
- As of 2014, the Last Drive-In Picture Show in Gatesville, opened by Gene Palmer in 1955 — and, as of 2004, owned by his son, Audie Gene Palmer (1957–2004) — is one of 17 remaining Drive-in theaters in Texas; of those 17, it is one of oldest (fifty-nine years old) and longest running without cessation.
- The Gatesville High School Hornets are the 2000 Texas UIL 3A High School Football Champions
- Former President George W. Bush's Prairie Chapel Ranch is less than 25 miles northeast of Gatesville in nearby McLennan County
- The Leon River runs past Gatesville and crosses under Main Street (U.S. 84) on the west end of town
Gatesville is located at (31.436755, -97.735257).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.7 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.11% is covered by water.
Gatesville was established in 1854 on land donated by Richard G. Grant (1808–1858), shortly after the organization of Coryell County. The name was taken from Fort Gates, which had been established in 1849 five miles west.
As of the census of 2000, 15,591 people, 2,640 households, and 1,752 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,794.2 people per square mile (692.7/km2). There were 2,963 housing units at an average density of 341.0 per square mile (131.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.20% White, 27.00% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.49% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.73% of the population.
Of the 2,640 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were not families. About 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the city the population was spread out with 11.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 53.9% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 63.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 59.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,534, and for a family was $36,543. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $17,073 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,152. About 12.4% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.
Two manufacturing companies are located in Gatesville:
- Kalyn Siebert, a division of Heil Trailer International, Co., owned by American Industrial Partners, manufacturer of trailers for commercial and military use
- Laerdal Medical Corporation, a division of Laerdal, based in Norway, manufacturer of plastic medical teaching supplies. The division, formerly known as Medical Plastics Laboratories, Inc., was founded in 1949 by 3 Gatesville doctors. In January of 2000, it was sold to Laerdal
Gatesville is the home of several prisons operated by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, including the Mountain View Unit, which houses the women's death row. Gatesville is located on the northern edge of Fort Hood, and as such is also dependent on the military for a part of its economy (besides Fort Hood, a large military vehicle repair facility is located on the east side of town).
As of 2012, the prisons in the Gatesville area employ 2,600 people. Most of the employees live in Coryell County. Timothy F. Orwig (born 1949) of the Cove Herald said, "Correctional officers in gray uniforms have been a common sight in the town’s businesses for years, and the job of a “prison boss” is a highly regarded career choice in Gatesville."
Government and infrastructure
Of the eight Texas Department of Criminal Justice general correctional facilities for women, which include five prisons and three state jails, five of the units, including four prisons and one state jail, are in the City of Gatesville.
The Christina Crain Unit prison (formerly Gatesville Unit), the Hilltop Unit prison, the Dr. Lane Murray Unit prison, and the Linda Woodman Unit state jail are co-located amongst one another. In addition the Mountain View Unit, a prison with the State of Texas female death row, is in Gatesville. One male prison, the Alfred D. Hughes Unit, is in Gatesville.
Mountain View Unit opened in July 1975, Crain opened in August 1980, Hilltop opened in November 1981, and Hughes opened in January 1990. The Murray Unit opened in November 1995, and the Woodman Unit opened in June 1997.
Gatesville previously hosted the Gatesville State School and the Mountain View State School, juvenile correctional centers of the Texas Youth Council. The Mountain View State School closed in 1975, and the Gatesville State School closed in 1979. The buildings were transferred to the Texas Department of Corrections and were used as prisons for adults.
Independent agency of the Federal government
Public education and educational resources
- Walter R. Adams (1897–1971), award winning poet, charter member of the Texas Institute of Letters
- Sybil Leonard Armes (1914–2007), Baptist author, musician, and poet
- William Blankenship (born 1928), opera tenor
- Bart Bryant (born 1962), professional golfer
- Cotton Davidson (born 1931), former AFL and NFL quarterback
- Dan Edwards (1926–2001), pro football player
- Mary Beth Harrell (born 1956), regional TV talk show host and former prosecutor for the City of Temple
- Taurean Henderson (born 1983), current NFL football player
- David Holt (born 1946), musician
- Jack Allen Owens, Jr. (born 1944), reality show participant
- Frank S. Page, pastor
- J. D. Sheffield (born 1960), physician and state legislator
- Benny Thomasson (1909–1984), Texas fiddler
- Bulldog Turner (1919–1998), NFL football player
- Mike Weaver (born 1951), former WBA boxer
- Jim Miller (1866–1909), outlaw who lived with his sister and brother-in-law on the Plum Ranch, outside of Gatesville
Prison and state school inmates: female
- Celeste Beard
- Susan Wright
- Suzanne Basso
- Marcia Kelly
- Yolanda Saldívar, murderer of Selena
- Karla Faye Tucker
- Clara Suarez Harris
- Christine Paolilla
- Brittany Holberg
- Darlie Routier
Prison and state school inmates: male
- Gatesville Municipal Airport
- Stephenville North and South Texas Railway
- Wesley Clark Dodson (1829–1914), architect of the Coryell County Courthouse in Gatesville
- Troop 1500, 2005 documentary film
- Rolling Thunder Revue, Bob Dylan concert tour
- Capital punishment in Texas
- Area code 254
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Coryell County, Texas
- 71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
- Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles
- Flat, Texas
- Scott & White Memorial Hospital
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Austin, Waco Deanery
- List of city nicknames in Texas
- Texas State Guard, Army, 2nd Regiment, Gatesville
- State farm established in 1889 for juvenile offenders
- Texas locations by per capita income
- My Ghost Story TV series location
Highways and roads
- Interstate 35 in Texas
- U.S. Route 77 Business
- U.S. Route 190 in Texas
- U.S. Route 183 in Texas
- U.S. Route 281 in Texas
- Texas State Highway 16
- Texas State Highway 36
- Texas State Highway 93
- Texas State Highway 236
- Texas State Highway Loop 340
- City of Gatesville - Official site.
- Gatesville Chamber of Commerce
- Gatesville, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Spur Capital", by Martha Deeringer, Cowboys & Indians December 2011; OCLC 1069-8876
- "Official Capital Designations", State of Texas", Texas State Library and Archives Commission
- "Last Drive-In Picture Show Information", www.drive-ins.com (retrieved February 23, 2014)
- "Drive-ins Making Big Comeback Across Texas", Associated Press via Dallas News, July 31, 2005, pg. 6A
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "The history of Coryell County to 1920", by Zelma May Scott (1908–1973), University of Texas at Austin (masters thesis) (1946); OCLC 27251893
Republished by the by Texas State Historical Association (1965); OCLC 2193804
Texas County and Local History Series, Vol. 4
- Coryell County History; Stories, by Frank Elmer Simmons (1880–1966) (manuscript; unfinished) (1948); OCLC 5229872 and 5229770
- History of Coryell County, by John Henry Chrisman (1821–1922) (incomplete: taken from scrapbook in archives) (1945); OCLC 25498094
- Texas Tough: The Rise of America's Prison Empire, 1st ed., by Robert Perkinson, Metropolitan Books (2010), pg. 34; OCLC 317928797
- "Company's Mr. Hurt makes model patient", by Pete Szilagyi, Dallas Morning News, July 3, 1983, sect. AA, pps. 16–17
- "Gatesville’s penitentiaries bring 2,600 jobs to Coryell Co.", by Timothy F. Orwig (born 1949), Gatesville: Cove Herald, September 28, 2012 (retrieved November 13, 2012)
- Texas Department of Criminal Justice
Unit Directory (retrieved May 10, 2010)
- "Former Downtown Waco Executive Director Moved to Gatesville," by Paul Gately, KWTX-TV, November 22, 2008 (retrieved May 20, 2010)
- "Gatesville city, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau (retrieved May 10, 2010)
- "Gatesville State School for Boys", Handbook of Texas (retrieved July 23, 2010)
- "Mountain View School for Boys",Handbook of Texas (retrieved July 23, 2010)
- USPS: Gatesville, TX (retrieved February 21, 2014)
- Gatesville Public Library, City of Gatesville (retrieved May 30, 2010)