Gatineau (electoral district)

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This article is about the federal district. For the provincial district, see Gatineau (provincial electoral district).
Gatineau
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Gatineau(electoraldistrict).jpg
Gatineau in relation to districts in the Gatineau/Hull region
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Françoise Boivin
New Democratic
District created 1947
First contested 1949
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 116,780
Electors (2011) 85,970
Area (km²)[2] 146.89
Pop. density (per km²) 795
Census divisions Gatineau
Census subdivisions Gatineau

Gatineau is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1949 to 1988 and since 1997. Its population in 2006 was 108,742.

It consists of the former city of Gatineau, Quebec as defined by its pre-2002 boundaries. It has an area of 156 km2.

The adjacent ridings are Hull—Aylmer, Pontiac, Ottawa—Orléans, and Ottawa—Vanier.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1947 from parts of Hull and Wright ridings. In 1987, it was abolished when it was redistributed into Chapleau.

Gatineau electoral district was re-created from Gatineau—La Lièvre ridings in 1996.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Gatineau
Riding created from Hull and Wright
20th  1945 − 1949     Léon Raymond Liberal
21st  1949 − 1953     Joseph-Célestin Nadon Liberal
22nd  1953 − 1957     Rodolphe Leduc Liberal
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1968     Joseph Isabelle Liberal
28th  1968 − 1972     Gaston Clermont Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980     René Cousineau Liberal
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988     Claudy Mailly Progressive Conservative
Riding dissolved into Chapleau
Riding re-created from Gatineau—La Lièvre
36th  1997 − 2000     Mark Assad Liberal
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006     Françoise Boivin Liberal
39th  2006 − 2008     Richard Nadeau Bloc Québécois
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present     Françoise Boivin New Democratic

Assad represented Gatineau—La Lièvre from 1988 to 1997 which was known as Chapleau from 1987 to 1988. This district had similar borders to Gatineau.

Politics[edit]

The riding had long been safe for the Liberals save for a lone Progressive Conservative victory in their 1984 nationwide landslide. However, in the 2006 election the Bloc Québécois won the seat. The Bloc managed to hold the seat with just over 29% of the vote in 2008, by far the lowest percentage for a winning candidate nationwide, due to a near-three-way split between themselves, the New Democratic Party and the Liberals. The riding then went to the NDP in the 2011 election.

Election results[edit]

1997 - present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Françoise Boivin 35,262 61.83 +35.71
Bloc Québécois Richard Nadeau 8,619 15.11 -14.04
Liberal Steve MacKinnon 7,975 13.98 -11.34
Conservative Jennifer Gearey 4,532 7.95 -8.86
Green Jonathan Meijer 639 1.12 -1.45
Total valid votes/Expense limit 57,027 100.00
Total rejected ballots 365 0.64
Turnout 57,392 64.36
Eligible voters 89,171
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Richard Nadeau 15,189 29.15 -10.11 $78,498
New Democratic Françoise Boivin 13,612 26.12 +16.11 $87,035
Liberal Michel Simard 13,193 25.32 -5.92 $40,288
Conservative Denis Tassé 8,762 16.81 +0.07 $52,464
Green David Inglis 1,342 2.57 -0.12
Total valid votes/Expense limit 52,098 100.00 $88,989
     Bloc Québécois hold Swing -13.11
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Richard Nadeau 21,093 39.25 -1.02 $72,093
Liberal Françoise Boivin 16,826 31.31 -10.78 $70,768
Conservative Patrick Robert 9,014 16.77 +9.19 $62,953
New Democratic Anne Levesque 5,354 9.96 +4.24 $5,811
Green Gail Walker 1,456 2.71 -0.36 $5
Total valid votes/Expense limit 53,743 100.00 $82,260
     Bloc Québécois gain
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Françoise Boivin 19,198 42.09 -9.37 $46,494
Bloc Québécois Richard Nadeau 18,368 40.27 14.87 $20,574
Conservative Gérald Nicolas 3,461 7.59 -9.65
New Democratic Dominique Vaillancourt 2,610 5.72 +2.24
Green Brian Gibb 1,402 3.07 $144
Marijuana Stéphane Salko 453 0.99
Marxist–Leninist Gabriel Girard-Bernier 125 0.27 0.00
Total valid votes/Expense limit 45,617 100.00 $80,437

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in the 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mark Assad 26,054 51.45 +5.04
Bloc Québécois Richard Nadeau 12,857 25.39 +4.49
Alliance Stéphany Crowley 5,084 10.04
Progressive Conservative Michael F. Vasseur 3,645 7.20 -21.77
New Democratic Carl Hétu 1,765 3.49 +1.68
Natural Law Jean-Claude Pommet 472 0.93 +0.11
Independent Ronald Bélanger 392 0.77
Independent Samantha Demers 228 0.45
Marxist–Leninist Françoise Roy 139 0.27 0.00
Total valid votes 50,636 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Mark Assad 25,298 46.42
Progressive Conservative Richard Côté 15,786 28.97
Bloc Québécois Christian Picard 11,391 20.90
New Democratic Michelle Bonner 982 1.80
Natural Law Jean-Claude Pommet 448 0.82
Christian Heritage Claude Grant 445 0.82
Marxist–Leninist Françoise Roy 150 0.28
Total valid votes 54,500 100.00

1949 - 1988[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Claudy Mailly 25,873 50.91 +43.96
Liberal René Cousineau 17,496 34.43 -44.17
New Democratic Sylvie Rossignol 6,543 12.87 +2.25
Parti nationaliste Jean Scuvée 766 1.51
Commonwealth of Canada Jean-Guy Méthot 142 0.28
Total valid votes 50,820 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal René Cousineau 35,437 78.60 +6.71
New Democratic Renée Pierre Brisson 4,792 10.63 +3.72
Progressive Conservative Jean-Pierre Plouffe 3,134 6.95 +0.29
Social Credit Marcelle Cormier 975 2.16 -10.87
Rhinoceros François R. Penzes 640 1.42
Marxist–Leninist Christine Dandenault 108 0.24 +0.01
Total valid votes 45,086 100.00


Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal René Cousineau 34,234 71.89
     Social Credit Gérard Croteau 6,206 13.03
     New Democratic Party André Beaudry 3,292 6.91
     Progressive Conservative René Bergeron 3,174 6.66
     Union Populaire André Côté 608 1.28
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 108 0.23
Total valid votes 47,622 100.00
Total rejected ballots 340
Turnout 47,962 74.80
Electors on the lists 64,124
Source: Report of the Chief Electoral Officer, Thirty-first General Election, 1979.
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Clermont 19,513 60.15 +9.81
Social Credit Marcel Clément 7,205 22.21 -7.78
Progressive Conservative Robert Moreau 3,944 12.16 -1.03
New Democratic Lise Ménard 1,781 5.49 -0.99
Total valid votes 32,443 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Clermont 15,894 50.34 -3.19
Social Credit Jean-Paul Descoeurs 9,469 29.99 +16.15
Progressive Conservative Guy Lafortune 4,163 13.19 -15.10
New Democratic Mychèle St-Louis 2,047 6.48 +2.14
Total valid votes 31,573 100.00

Note: Social Credit vote is compared to Ralliement créditiste vote in the 1968 election.

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Clermont 14,348 53.53 +0.12
Progressive Conservative Lévis Larocque 7,581 28.28 +8.08
Ralliement créditiste Antoine Bédard 3,711 13.85 -3.25
New Democratic Emile Mongeon 1,163 4.34 -1.96
Total valid votes 26,803 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gaston Isabelle 13,088 53.41 +6.77
Progressive Conservative Jules Barrière 4,952 20.21 -3.38
Ralliement créditiste Conrad Beaudoin 4,189 17.09 -8.24
New Democratic Beverley Morin 1,543 6.30 +1.86
Independent Liberal Roger Danis 734 3.00
Total valid votes 24,506 100.00

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Rodolphe Leduc 11,589 46.64 +4.42
Social Credit Conrad Beaudoin 6,295 25.34 +4.82
Progressive Conservative Thomas Van Dusen 5,861 23.59 -9.67
New Democratic Roy Laberge 1,10 4.44 +0.42
Total valid votes 24,847 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Rodolphe Leduc 10,135 42.22 -10.09
Progressive Conservative Thomas Van Dusen 7,983 33.25 -10.20
Social Credit Henri Meunier 4,925 20.52 +16.28
New Democratic Charles J. De Breyne 963 4.01
Total valid votes 24,006 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Rodolphe Leduc 10,840 52.31 -6.48
Progressive Conservative Réjean Patry 9,004 43.45 +13.31
Social Credit Léo Joannisse 878 4.24
Total valid votes 20,722 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Rodolphe Leduc 10,770 58.79 -2.87
Progressive Conservative Adrien Cloutier 5,522 30.14 +5.60
Independent Liberal J. Robert Proulx 2,028 11.07
Total valid votes 18,320 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 22 March 1954
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Nadon's death, 17 December 1953
Liberal Rodolphe Leduc 6,568 61.66 -4.13
Progressive Conservative Ernest-Anastase St-Jean 2,614 24.54 -5.62
Independent Marcel-Bernard Bonnier 796 7.47
Co-operative Commonwealth Roger Boucher 674 6.33 +2.28
Total valid votes 10,652 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph-Célestin Nadon 10,759 65.79 +7.21
Progressive Conservative Ernest-Anastase St-Jean 4,932 30.16 +1.02
Co-operative Commonwealth Janet H.H. Morgan 662 4.05
Total valid votes 16,353 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 24 October 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Raymond appointed House of Commons Clerk, 5 August 1949
Liberal Joseph-Célestin Nadon 5,438 58.58 -7.14
Progressive Conservative Ernest-Anastase St-Jean 2,705 29.14 -0.49
Independent Marcel-Bernard Bonnier 1,140 12.28
Total valid votes 9,283 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Léon-Joseph Raymond 9,865 65.72
Progressive Conservative Ernest-Anastase St-Jean 4,448 29.63
Union des électeurs Joseph-Eugène Rochon 697 4.64
Total valid votes 15,010 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]