Gato (video game)
|Designer(s)||Paul Arlton & Ed Dawson|
GATO was a real-time submarine simulator published by Spectrum HoloByte in the 1980s for use on several platforms, including the PC DOS, Apple IIe and Atari XE Game System. It simulated combat operations aboard the Gato-class submarine USS Growler (SS-215) in the Pacific Theater of World War II. GATO was the first PC submarine simulator and the first simulator for the Apple Macintosh.
The player was tasked with chasing Japanese shipping across a 20-sector map while returning for resupply as necessary from a submarine tender. The islands on the map were randomly generated and not based on real-world geography. Combat was conducted using a screen with a view through the periscope and at various gauges and indicators. The game had multiple difficulty levels, the highest of which required the player to translate mission briefings which were transmitted only as audible Morse Code.
One issue with the game was that the timing of the game relied on the computer's CPU clock-speed, rather than the time-and-date clock, so the game ran faster on faster computers, making it unplayable as 80286 CPU-based computers came onto the market.
Computer Gaming World in 1985 praised the game for being simultaneously easy to play and having deep, detailed strategy. A 1991 survey of strategy and war games, however, gave it one and a half stars out of five, stating that "it was adequate in its time, but not exemplary in any regard". Compute! stated that "Gato promises realism, and it delivers ... [it] lives up to its claims". Jerry Pournelle wrote favorably of the game in BYTE, stating that he wished he could slow the game down but "I've certainly wasted enough time with it ... Recommended", and that he preferred the black-and-white Macintosh version to the color IBM PC version.
Marketed by Spectrum HoloByte, Gato had originally been developed by student programmers in Boulder, Colorado.
Gato sold well - being reported in Billboard magazine in June 1985 as coming in at Nr. 6 of a national sample of retail sales and rack sales reports.
- Sipe, Russell (Apr-May 1985), "IBM Goes to War", Computer Gaming World: 24–25
- Brooks, M. Evan (1991-11). "Computer Strategy and Wargames: The 1900-1950 Epoch / Part I (A-L) of an Annotated Paiktography". Computer Gaming World. p. 138. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- Williams, Michael B. (1985-11). "Gato For Apple And IBM". Compute! (review). p. 90. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- Pournelle, Jerry (1985-09). "PC, Peripherals, Programs, and People". BYTE. p. 347. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- "Flight-simulation game is so real that even A.F. wants a piece of action". The Deseret News. 24 January 1988.
- "3D Living Today - The Top 10". Miami Herald. 29 June 1985.