|TaxSlayer.com Gator Bowl|
|Previous stadiums||Gator Bowl Stadium (1946-1993)
Ben Hill Griffin Stadium (1994)
|Previous locations||Gainesville, Florida (1994)|
|Conference tie-ins||SEC, Big Ten|
|Previous conference tie-ins||Southern (1946-1952)
SEC (1953-1975, 1992-94)
Big East (1996-2010)
Big 12 (2006-2010)
Notre Dame (2006-2010)
|Payout||US$7 million (As of 2012[update])|
|Mississippi State vs. Northwestern (Northwestern 34-20)|
|Nebraska vs. Georgia (January 1, 2014)|
The Gator Bowl is an annual college football bowl game played at EverBank Field in Jacksonville, Florida. Held continuously since 1946, it is the sixth oldest college bowl, as well as the first one ever televised nationally. Since 1996, it has been one of the bowl games that are regularly played on January 1 (New Year's Day); when New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is then played on the following Monday. The bowl's current title sponsor is TaxSlayer.com.
According to writer Anthony C. DiMarco, Charles Hilty, Sr. first conceived of the event. Hilty, together with Ray McCarthy, Maurice Cherry and W. C. Ivey put up $10,000 to underwrite the first game, which was held at Jacksonville's football stadium, Fairfield Stadium, on January 1, 1946. The first two years of the event did not sell out the small capacity stadium, drawing only 7,362 to the 1946 match when the Wake Forest Demon Deacons defeated the South Carolina Gamecocks, 26–14. The stadium was expanded in 1948 and renamed the Gator Bowl Stadium in honor of the event. However, it was not until the 1949 match-up between the Clemson Tigers and the Missouri Tigers that the future of the Gator Bowl was assured. The 1948 attendance of 16,666 for a 20–20 tie between Maryland and Georgia, was nearly doubled with 32,939 watching Clemson squeak by Missouri, 24–23, on a late field goal by Jack Miller. By the 1970s, the attendance regularly reached 60,000–70,000.
Hotel Roosevelt fire
The Gator Bowl is one of Jacksonville's annual sports highlights. However, the event was once associated with a tragedy. In 1963, the Hotel Roosevelt in downtown Jacksonville caught fire after a post-Gator Bowl party in the ballroom. It was later determined that the party was not the cause of the fire, and that the timing was a tragic coincidence. The fire resulted in 22 deaths.
Woody Hayes incident in 1978
In the 1978 game between Ohio State and Clemson, Ohio State coach Woody Hayes lost his temper after a late game interception by Clemson nose guard Charlie Bauman, who stepped in front of the receiver on a pass from quarterback Art Schlichter. Bauman ran the ball out of bounds on the Ohio State sideline where Hayes struck Bauman with his right forearm. The play sealed the Tigers' 17–15 win over the Buckeyes and Hayes was fired the next day before leaving Jacksonville.
Bowden's Last Stand in 2010
In the 2010 game between Florida State and West Virginia, Florida State coach Bobby Bowden(who previously coached at West Virginia) coached the final game of a legendary career. Bowden had been the head coach at Florida State since 1976 and had won two national championships, thirteen ACC championships, and had a fourteen year streak of top five finishes during that time. A record crowd of over 84,000 people attended, the majority in Florida State Garnet and Gold, to witness Bowden being carried off the field after a 33-21 Florida State victory.
The 1946 and 1947 games were played in Fairfield Stadium, which had a seating capacity of 7,600. The stadium was expanded to 16,000 seats in 1948, and the structure was renamed the Gator Bowl. Prior to the 1949 game, the seating capacity was expanded to 36,058, at which it remained until 1957. That stadium hosted the game through 1993, when it was almost completely demolished for the construction of Jacksonville Municipal Stadium (now EverBank Field) on the same site. During the construction, the 1994 Gator Bowl was played instead at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium in Gainesville, Florida; the game following the 1995 season and all subsequent games were moved to January 1.
The game and associated activities are planned and executed by the Gator Bowl Association (GBA), a not-for-profit, 501(c)3 organization, founded in 1945, whose stated mission is to:
"provide Northeast Florida with the very best in college athletics and related activities in order to maximize positive impact on the area’s economy, national image and community pride."
The association comprises 225 Gator Bowl Committee members, 84 Chairman’s Club members and sponsors, more than 700 volunteers, plus over a dozen paid staff members. In addition to the Gator Bowl, the GBA has also coordinated other events. It hosted the ACC Championship Game from 2005 to 2007 and the River City Showdown, a neutral site game between the Florida State Seminoles and another team, in 2007 and 2008.
Teams typically featured
In the early years of the bowl, from 1946–1952, it featured a team from the Southern Conference against an at-large opponent. Beginning with the 1953 game, it switched to generally featuring a Southeastern Conference (SEC) team against an at-large opponent. From 1953 to the 1975 game, at least one SEC team appeared in 20 out of the 24 games, and in 3 of those games, both teams were from the SEC. The games from 1976 to 1995 usually, but not always, involved a team from southeastern United States against a team from another part of the country. Teams from the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) played in 10 of these 20 games.
From 1996–2006, the Gator Bowl traditionally hosted the second-place ACC team against the second-place Big East Conference team. With the 2007 game, the ACC runner-up became contractually tied to play in the Chick-fil-A Bowl and the Gator Bowl began hosting the third-place ACC team versus a team from either the Big East (still the conference's #2 team unless they qualified for the Bowl Championship Series), the Big 12 Conference, or the unaffiliated Notre Dame Fighting Irish (who would take the Big East's spot in this game). The contract, which ran for four years, was held in conjunction with the Sun Bowl, with the Gator Bowl receiving first choice of teams, and required both bowls to take Big East teams twice and Big 12 teams twice. Since the last two Gator Bowls featured the Texas Tech Red Raiders and the Nebraska Cornhuskers, both Big 12 teams, a Big East team or Notre Dame would play in the 2010 Gator Bowl per the terms of the contract (West Virginia lost to Florida State in this game).
The conference alignment changed again in 2010, as the Big East and Notre Dame are moving their hybrid arrangement to the Champs Sports Bowl for 2010, while the Gator Bowl declined to renew their contract with the Big 12. The Gator Bowl will feature the SEC and the Big Ten Conference starting with the 2010 season, joining the Capital One Bowl and the Outback Bowl as the third Big Ten-SEC bowl matchup on New Year's Day. The latest Gator Bowl matchup occurred January 1, 2013 and featured the Northwestern University Wildcats and Mississippi State University.
Beginning with the 2015 playing, the Gator Bowl once again will have a hybrid arrangement. The ACC's pre-existing tie in with the Music City Bowl in Nashville, which also features an SEC team, will be shared with the Big Ten and the two conferences will alternate each year.
Of the 66 editions of the Gator Bowl, 38 have been between ranked opponents while 61 of the games have included at least one ranked team.
The longtime broadcaster of the game was ABC, which showed the game in prime time from 1974 through 1985. Turner Sports bought the rights to the game after the 1991 match-up and TBS became the home of the Gator Bowl for the next four years, moving back to a late December date. The game returned to New Year's Day after NBC bought the rights to the Gator Bowl in 1996. CBS Sports took over the television contract in 2007 and held the rights for four years. ESPN purchased the rights to the game following its 2010 playing and the 2011 Gator Bowl aired on ESPN2; with the acquisition of the Gator Bowl the ESPN family of networks became the home of every New Year's Day bowl game (the network already had the rights to the Outback, Capital One, and Rose bowls and acquired the rights to the TicketCity Bowl and the remainder of the BCS games).
Mazda was the first title sponsor, beginning in 1986 and lasting for five years. Outback Steakhouse sponsored the Gator Bowl for three years beginning in 1992, prior to obtaining their own Outback Bowl held in Tampa, Florida. From 1996–2006, the title sponsor was Toyota. Konica Minolta then became the sponsor from 2007 to 2010. On December 14, 2010, the Gator Bowl Association announced that Progressive Insurance would become the title sponsor for the 2011 Gator Bowl. On September 1, 2011, GBA announced a multi-year title sponsorship deal with TaxSlayer.com.
Italics denotes a tie game. All rankings are taken from the AP Poll prior to the game being played.
|Most Valuable Players|
|January 1, 1946||Nick Sacrinty||Wake Forest||QB|
|January 1, 1947||Joe Golding||Oklahoma||HB|
|January 1, 1948||Lu Gambino||Maryland||HB|
|January 1, 1949||Bobby Gage||Clemson||HB|
|January 2, 1950||Bob Ward||Maryland||G|
|January 1, 1951||Eddie Talboom||Wyoming||HB|
|January 1, 1952||Jim Dooley||Miami (Fla.)||HB|
|January 1, 1953||John Hall||Florida||RB||Marv Matuszak||Tulsa||T|
|January 1, 1954||Bobby Cavazos||Texas Tech||RB||Vince Dooley||Auburn||QB|
|December 31, 1954||Joe Childress||Auburn||FB||Billy Hooper||Baylor||QB|
|December 31, 1955||Don Orr||Vanderbilt||QB||Joe Childress||Auburn||FB|
|December 29, 1956||Wade Mitchell||Georgia Tech||QB||Corny Salvaterra||Pittsburgh||QB|
|December 28, 1957||Bobby Gordon||Tennessee||TB||John David Crow||Texas A&M||HB|
|December 27, 1958||Bobby Franklin||Mississippi||QB||Dave Hudson||Florida||E|
|January 2, 1960||Jim Mooty||Arkansas||HB||Maxie Baughan||Georgia Tech||LB|
|December 31, 1960||Larry Libertore||Florida||QB||Bobby Ply||Baylor||QB|
|December 30, 1961||Galen Hall||Penn State||QB||Joe Auer||Georgia Tech||HB|
|December 29, 1962||Tom Shannon||Florida||QB||Dave Robinson||Penn State||E|
|December 28, 1963||Ken Willard||North Carolina||RB||David Sicks||Air Force||C|
|January 2, 1965||Fred Biletnikoff||Florida State||SE||Steve Tensi||Florida State||QB|
|December 31, 1965||Lenny Snow||Georgia Tech||TB||Donny Anderson||Texas Tech||RB|
|December 31, 1966||Dewey Warren||Tenneessee||QB||Floyd Little||Syracuse||HB|
|December 30, 1967||Kim Hammond||Florida State||QB||Tom Sherman||Penn State||QB|
|December 28, 1968||Terry McMillan||Missouri||QB||Mike Hall||Alabama||LB|
|December 27, 1969||Mike Kelley||Florida||LB||Curt Watson||Tennessee||FB|
|January 2, 1971||Pat Sullivan||Auburn||QB||Archie Manning||Ole' Miss||QB|
|December 31, 1971||Jimmy Poulos||Georgia||TB||James Webster||North Carolina||LB|
|December 30, 1972||Wade Whatley||Auburn||QB||Mark Cooney||Colorado||LB|
|December 29, 1973||Joe Barnes||Texas Tech||QB||Haskel Stanback||Tennessee||TB|
|December 30, 1974||Phil Gargis||Auburn||QB||Earl Campbell||Texas||RB|
|December 29, 1975||Steve Atkins||Maryland||TB||Sammy Green||Florida||LB|
|December 27, 1976||Al Hunter||Notre Dame||HB||Jimmy Cefalo||Penn State||WR|
|December 30, 1977||Matt Cavanaugh||Pittsburgh||QB||Jerry Butler||Clemson||SE|
|December 29, 1978||Steve Fuller||Clemson||QB||Art Schlichter||Ohio State||QB|
|December 28, 1979||Matt Kupec||North Carolina||QB||Amos Lawrence||North Carolina||RB|
|John Wangler||Michigan||QB||Anthony Carter||Michigan||WR|
|December 29, 1980||Rick Trocano||Pittsburgh||QB||George Rogers||South Carolina||RB|
|December 28, 1981||Kelvin Bryant||North Carolina||TB||Ethan Horton||North Carolina||TB|
|December 30, 1982||Greg Allen||Florida State||TB||Paul Woodside||West Virginia||K|
|December 30, 1983||Tony Lilly||Florida||S||Owen Gill||Iowa||FB|
|December 28, 1984||Thurman Thomas||Oklahoma State||RB||Mike Hold||South Carolina||QB|
|December 30, 1985||Chip Ferguson||Florida State||QB||Thurman Thomas||Oklahoma State||RB|
|December 27, 1986||Rodney Williams||Clemson||QB||Brad Muster||Stanford||RB|
|December 31, 1987||Wendell Davis||LSU||SE||Harold Green||South Carolina||RB|
|January 1, 1989||Wayne Johnson||Georgia||QB||Andre Rison||Michigan State||WR|
|December 30, 1989||Levon Kirkland||Clemson||LB||Mike Fox||West Virginia||DT|
|January 1, 1991||Offensive Line||Michigan||N/A||Tyrone Ashley||Mississippi||DB|
|December 29, 1991||Cale Gundy||Oklahoma||QB||Tyrone Davis||Virginia||DB|
|December 31, 1992||Errict Rhett||Florida||RB||Reggie Lawrence||North Carolina State||WR|
|December 31, 1993||Brian Burgdorf||Alabama||QB||Corey Holliday||North Carolina||WR|
|December 30, 1994||James Stewart||Tennessee||TB||Maurice DeShazo||Virginia Tech||QB|
|January 1, 1996||Donovan McNabb||Syracuse||QB||Peter Ford||Clemson||CB|
|January 1, 1997||Oscar Davenport||North Carolina||QB||David Saunders||West Virginia||WR|
|January 1, 1998||Chris Keldorf||North Carolina||QB||Nick Sorensen||Virginia Tech||QB|
|January 1, 1999||Dez White||Georgia Tech||WR||Joe Hamilton||Georgia Tech||QB|
|Autry Denson||Notre Dame||RB|
|January 1, 2000||Nate Webster||Miami (Fla.)||LB||Joe Hamilton||Georgia Tech||QB|
|January 1, 2001||Michael Vick||Virginia Tech||QB||Rod Gardner||Clemson||WR|
|January 1, 2002||Javon Walker||Florida State||WR||Andre Davis||Virginia Tech||WR|
|January 1, 2003||Philip Rivers||North Carolina State||QB||Cedric Hillard||Notre Dame||NG|
|January 1, 2004||Scott McBrien||Maryland||QB||Brian King||West Virginia||DB|
|January 1, 2005||Leon Washington||Florida State||RB||Kay-Jay Harris||West Virginia||RB|
|January 2, 2006||Cedric Humes||Virginia Tech||RB||Hunter Cantwell||Louisville||QB|
|January 1, 2007||Pat White||West Virginia||QB||Calvin Johnson||Georgia Tech||WR|
|January 1, 2008||Graham Harrell||Texas Tech||QB||Mikell Simpson||Virginia||RB|
|January 1, 2009||Joe Ganz||Nebraska||QB||Cullen Harper||Clemson||QB|
|January 1, 2010||E.J. Manuel||Florida State||QB||Noel Devine||West Virginia||HB|
|January 1, 2011||Chris Relf||Mississippi State||QB|
|January 2, 2012||Andre Debose||Florida||WR|
|January 1, 2013||Jared Carpenter||Northwestern||S|
|January 1, 2014||Quincy Enunwa||Nebraska||WR|
|T14||North Carolina State||3||1-2|
Gator Bowl Hall of Fame
Inductees by year:
- 1989: Dan Devine, Ray Graves, Ralph Jordan, Floyd Little, Archie Manning, Bobby Dodd
- 1990: Vince Dooley, Bobby Gage, Frank Howard, Pat Sullivan, Bob Woodruff, George R. Olsen
- 1991: Wally Butts, Bill Peterson, Ron Sellers, Ken Willard
- 1992: Maxie Baughan, Lu Gambino, Don Faurot, Johnny Vaught
- 1993: Dewitt Weaver, Tom Shannon, Joe Childress
- 1994: Doug Dickey, Rip Engle, Larry Libertore, Jr.
- 1995: Fred Biletnikoff, Frank Broyles, Nicholas Sacrinty, Richard Stratton, Steve Tensi
- 1996: Dave Robinson, Wade Mitchell, Jim Dooley, Dick Crum
- 1997: Judge John "Papa" Hall, Gene Stallings, Kim Hammond, John F. Lanahan
- 1998: Ross Browner, James Stewart, Danny Ford
- 1999: Jack Bush, Walter C. Dunbar, Jay Solomon
- 2000: Joe Paterno, Terry McMillan, Bob Bradley
- 2001: John David Crow, Don Nehlen, Carlisle Jones
- 2002: W. W. "Bill" Gay, Jackie Sherrill, Hugh Green
- 2003: Donny Anderson, Rodney Hampton, Ash Verlander
- 2004: Chip Ferguson, Bill Nimnicht, Jr., Steve Spurrier, Greg Allen
- 2005: Desmond Howard, Peter Kirill, Sr., Peahead Walker
- 2006: Dave Braine, Carl Cannon
- 2007: Don Davis, George Rogers, Bear Bryant
- 2008: Errict Rhett, Wendell Davis
- 2009: Wilford C. Lyon, Jr, Gary Pajcic, Bob Golic
- 2010: Bobby Bowden, Mike Tranghese
- Gator Bowl website: About us-Tradition
- DiMarco, Anthony C. (1976). The Big Bowl Football Guide. G. P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 399-11800-4
- Florida Times-Union: December 29, 2008-Gator Bowl: 30th anniversary punch by Don Coble
- The Jacksonville Story by Carolina Rawls; Jacksonville's Fifty Years of Progress Association-1950
- Jacksonville Transportation Authority: River City Showdown Stadium Shuttle
- Florida Times-Union: September 30, 2007-Gator Bowl lands new deal for title sponsor
- Jacksonville Daily Record: December 17, 2010-Progressive Sponsors Gator Bowl
- Venue renamed Gator Bowl
- Game held at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium on the campus of the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida due to renovation.
- Texas Tech Red Raiders, NCAA Football, Virginia Cavaliers - CBSSports.com