The Gattermann reaction, named for the German chemist Ludwig Gattermann, in organic chemistry refers to a reaction of hydrocyanic acid with an aromatic compound, in this case benzene, under catalysis with Friedel-Crafts catalyst (aluminium chloride).Catalyst used is Copper Powder in HX(X=Cl or Br) in the case of reaction of Benzene Diazonium Chloride(commonly known as BDC) instead. The reaction is similar to the Friedel-Crafts reaction
It may include the reaction where a diazonium salt is converted to an aryl halide by using copper powder and hydrochloric acid as opposed to using cuprous salt of the halide as in the Sandmeyer reaction. Although in many articles and books this reaction is also called Gatterman reaction.
- L. Gattermann, W. Berchelmann (1898). "Synthese aromatischer Oxyaldehyde". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 31 (2): 1765–1769. doi:10.1002/cber.18980310281.
- L. Gattermann (1890). "Untersuchungen über Diazoverbindungen". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 23 (1): 1218–1228. doi:10.1002/cber.189002301199.
- R. N. Morrison, R. T. Boyd. Organic Chemistry. p. 869.