Gatwick Airport railway station

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Gatwick Airport National Rail
Gatwick Airport
View across the south side of the platforms
Location
Place London Gatwick Airport
Local authority Crawley, West Sussex
Coordinates 51°09′23″N 0°09′39″W / 51.1565°N 0.1609°W / 51.1565; -0.1609Coordinates: 51°09′23″N 0°09′39″W / 51.1565°N 0.1609°W / 51.1565; -0.1609
Grid reference TQ287413
Operations
Station code GTW
Managed by Southern[1]
Number of platforms 7
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05 Increase 7.976 million
2005/06 Increase 8.585 million
2006/07 Increase 11.889 million
2007/08 Increase 12.730 million
2008/09 Decrease 11.888 million
2009/10 Increase 12.815 million
2010/11 Increase 13.129 million
2011/12 Increase 14.759 million
2012/13 Increase 15.353 million
1891 Opened (Gatwick)
1946 Renamed (Gatwick Racecourse)
27 May 1958 Rebuilt and renamed (Gatwick Airport)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Gatwick Airport from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Gatwick Airport station is the railway station at London Gatwick Airport which provides a direct rail connection to London 26 34 miles (43.0 km) away. The station platforms are located about 70 metres to the east of the airport’s South Terminal, and the ticket office is above the platforms. The station was one of 18 in the United Kingdom to be managed by Network Rail,[2] but on 29 January 2012 day-to-day management was transferred to Southern.[1] Train services are provided by Gatwick Express, Southern, First Capital Connect and First Great Western. When viewed from the air (or in satellite imagery), the present station building's British Rail logo that is etched on the top of the roof is visible.[3]

In terms of passenger entries and exits between April 2010 and March 2011, Gatwick Airport is the tenth-busiest station outside London.[4]

History[edit]

There have been two Gatwick stations sited approximately 0.85 miles (1.37 km) from each other.

Present station[edit]

The station, originally named Gatwick, was built on the present site in September 1891 to serve the Gatwick Racecourse, and which originally operated only on race days. The facilities included passing loops and sidings to hold race trains without impeding the Brighton Main Line.[5] The sidings were extended during the First World War to be able to accommodate munitions trains heading for Newhaven.[6]

From 1946 until 1958 Gatwick station was renamed Gatwick Racecourse, even though racing had been abandoned in 1940 and not been re-instated after the Second World War. In fact the station had fallen out of use following the opening of the nearby Tinsley Green/Gatwick airport station (described below). However, during the early 1950s the airport was expanded and took over the land occupied by the racecourse, and the station was entirely rebuilt and integrated with the new airport terminal. The new buildings opened on 27 May 1958 with a regular train service, and the station took over the name Gatwick Airport.

Tinsley Green/Gatwick Airport Station[edit]

This was opened on 30 September 1935 and was sited 0.85 miles (1.37 km) south of the present station. It was originally named Tinsley Green but within a year became Gatwick Airport following the completion of the Beehive airport terminal which had a direct connection to the station. The airport was requisitioned by the Royal Air Force in 1940, but in 1952 the British government decided that it would form London's second airport. The station continued in operation until 27 May 1958 when the new Gatwick Airport station (above) opened. The station has been demolished and the only visible remains of the old station are sections of the former up slow line platform. Sections of the connecting subway between the station and the original terminal building (The Beehive) also survive.

Services[edit]

Looking south from platform 5

The Gatwick Express operates every 15 minutes to London Victoria plus frequent Southern service to London Victoria and a more limited service to London Bridge. Since December 2008 Gatwick Express services have been extended, during peak hours, to and from Brighton. Southern have timetabled their services to London Victoria so that they arrive after a Gatwick Express train has just left, this discourages passengers transferring from stopping services to Gatwick Express services.

There is a First Capital Connect service every 15 minutes to Bedford, via London Bridge and St Pancras. First Great Western operate to Reading via Guildford on the North Downs Line.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Horley   Southern
Arun Valley Line
  Three Bridges
Redhill or
Horley
  Southern
Mainline West
(via Horsham)
  Three Bridges
East Croydon   Southern
Mainline West
(via Hove)
  Haywards Heath
East Croydon   Southern
Mainline East
  Haywards Heath
East Croydon   Southern
Brighton Main Line
  Three Bridges or
Burgess Hill
East Croydon
or Redhill
  First Capital Connect
Thameslink
  Three Bridges
Redhill   First Great Western
North Downs Line
  Terminus
London Victoria   Southern
Gatwick Express
  Terminus or
Haywards Heath

Redevelopment[edit]

South facing platforms towards Brighton - visible at Platform 2 is a Gatwick Express train

On 13 October 2010, a £53 million redevelopment was announced which would comprise the provision of a new platform, refurbishment of the concourse and track and signal upgrades.[7] Works were completed by 3 February 2014 when Baroness Kramer formally opened the new platform.[8] Constructed by Volker Fitzpatrick, the new 12-car platform 7 is served by a 975-metre (3,199 ft) loop from the Down Fast line and will be used by the Down Fast services which formerly called at platform 5.[9] This will allow platforms 5 and 6 to be dedicated to Gatwick Express services, thereby eliminating conflicts with slower services crossing to reach platforms 1 and 2.[9][10] New escalators and lifts on platforms 5 and 6 were also provided.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Management of Gatwick Airport railway station transfers to Southern". Retrieved 30 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Commercial information". Complete National Rail Timetable. London: Network Rail. December 2011. p. 41. Archived from the original on 2012-09-01. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Gatwick Airport Railway Station, London Gatwick Airport, Gatwick, West Sussex RH6, United Kingdom - Google Maps
  4. ^ Pigott, Nick, ed. (June 2012). "Waterloo still London's busiest station". The Railway Magazine (Horncastle, Lincs: Mortons Media Group) 158 (1334): 6. 
  5. ^ Turner, John Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity. Batsford. pp. 128–9. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1. 
  6. ^ Pratt, Edwin (1921). British railways and the Great War. Selwyn & Blount. pp. 1038–9. 
  7. ^ "Gatwick Airport unveils £53m station revamp". BBC News. 13 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Nigel Harris, ed. (5 March 2014 - 18 March 2014). "New platform opens as part of Gatwick Airport improvement work". RAIL (743): 20. 
  9. ^ a b c Railway Gazette (2014-02-03). "Extra platform opened at Gatwick Airport station". Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  10. ^ Network Rail (2011). "Gatwick Airport Station Redevelopment Project". Retrieved 2014-03-10.