Map of Gaua
|Archipelago||Vanuatu, Banks Islands|
|Area||342 km2 (132 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||767 m (2,516 ft)|
|Highest point||Mount Gharat|
|Population||2,491 (as of 2009)|
|Density||2.2 /km2 (5.7 /sq mi)|
It has rugged terrain, reaching up to Mount Gharat (797 m), the peak of the active stratovolcano at the center of the island. The most recent eruption was in 2013. The volcano has a 6 x 9 km caldera, within which lies a crater lake known as Lake Letas, the largest lake in Vanuatu. To the east of the lake is Siri Waterfall (120 m drop).
Population and languages
The island has a population of 2491 (in 2009), with an annual growth rate of 2.0 percent. This population is scattered in various coastal villages on the western, southern and northeastern sides of the island. The eastern side has a few hamlets with an immigrant population coming mainly from the two smaller islands Merig and Merelava, southeast of Gaua. The largest village is Jolap, on the west coast.
The island is served by Gaua Airport at the northeast corner of the island.
- Kelly, Celsus, O.F.M. La Austrialia del Espíritu Santo. The Journal of Fray Martín de Munilla O.F.M. and other documents relating to the Voyage of Pedro Fernández de Quirós to the South Sea (1605-1606) and the Franciscan Missionary Plan (1617-1627) Cambridge, 1966, p.39, 62.
- 2009 National Census of Population and Housing: Summary Release (PDF). Vanuatu National Statistics Office. 2009. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- Satellite photo of Jolap village.
- "Gaua". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0507-02%3D.
- Volcano World: Gaua
- Detailed list and map of the Banks and Torres languages, including those of Gaua