Gaudenzio was born to Franchino Ferrari at Valduggia in the Valsesia in the Duchy of Milan. Valduggia is now in the Province of Vercelli in Piedmont. He is said to have first learned the art of painting at Vercelli from Gerolamo Giovenone. He subsequently studied in Milan, in the school of the Cathedral artisan Stefano Scotto, and perhaps also in that of Bernardino Luini; towards 1504 he proceeded to Florence. It was once thought that he later moved to Rome. He died in Milan.
His initial pictorial style may be considered as derived mainly from the old Milanese school, which had imbibed the classic influence of Leonardo and pupils such as Bramantino. However, the provincial impetus was also strong, as is demonstrated in his emotive work at the Sacro Monte of Varallo.
By 1513, Gaudenzio had depicted the Life of Christ in a fresco at Santa Maria della Grazie in Varallo Sesia. He returned to work in the chapels of the Sacro Monte di Varallo by 1524. The chapels are dispersed over a hilltop sanctuary, connected by a winding path, and containing a combination of diorama and wax museum with life-size terracotta figures. He executed his most memorable work, a fresco of the Crucifixion (pictured right), with a multitude of figures, no less than twenty-six of them being modelled in actual relief, and colored; on the vaulted ceiling are lamenting angels. The figures include goitrous bestial assailants.
There are other works which show flashes of innovation such as the crowded chorus decorating duomo of Santa Maria dei Miracoli in Saronno or his fresco of St Anne. This painting shows the overlap of Milanese realism and Venetian colorism.
He was a very prolific painter, distinguished by strong animation. In general character, his work suggests more the 15th than the 16th century. His subjects were always religious. Andrea Solario, Giovanni Battista Cerva, Gian Paolo Lomazzo, and Fermo Stella were his principal students.
- Pietà, in the Royal Gallery, Turin
- St Catharine Miraculously Saved from the Torture of the Wheel, Brera Gallery, Milan,
- Frescoes in church of Santa Maria della Pace, Milan.
- Virgin with Angels and Saints under an Orange Tree, Cathedral, Vercelli
- Last Supper, Refectory of San Paolo.
- Birth of the Virgin, Annunciation, Visitation, Adoration of the Shepherds and Kings, Crucifixion, Assumption of the Virgin (1532–1535), Church of San Cristoforo.
- St Paul Meditating, Louvre, Paris.
- Presentation in the Temple, Christ among the Doctors, History of Christ (1507), Convent of the Minorites, Varallo.
- Adoration (after 1527), Santa Maria di Loreto, near Varallo
- Glory of Angels (1535), Dome of the Santa Maria dei Miracoli, Saronno
- Scourging of Christ, Ecce Homo and Crucifixion (1542), Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Freedberg, Sydney J. (1993). Pelican History of Art, ed. Painting in Italy, 1500–1600. Penguin Books Ltd. pp. 392–397.
Media related to Gaudenzio Ferrari at Wikimedia Commons
- HALTADEFINIZIONE by HAL9000 S.r.l. – High Resolution Photos, an 8.6GP Scan of the Parete Gaudenziana that was the largest digital photo in the world when it was produced
- Gaudenzio Ferrari at www.wga.hu, the Web Gallery of Art