Gaume is a region in the far south of Belgium. Situated at a lower altitude than the Ardennes, it borders France, the Land of Arlon and the Belgian Ardennes. Gaume is the Romance-speaking part of the Belgian Lorraine region (the Land of Arlon being the Luxembourgish-speaking part of the Belgian Lorraine).
Gaume is composed of the districts of Chiny, Étalle, Florenville, Habay, Meix-devant-Virton, Musson, Rouvroy, Tintigny and Virton, although some villages in the northern districts are not in Gaume (as Suxy or Hachy). The unofficial capital of the Gaume region is Virton.
Gaume is a destination for tourism in Belgium.
The Lorrain language, a langue d'oïl distinct from the Walloon language, is a minority language in Gaume where it is known as Gaumais. Although it is in decline, several local authors are trying to revive its usage. Lorrain is recognised as a regional language of Wallonia.
The Semois river near Florenville
- Font-de-Gaume, a cave in Dordogne, France
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