Gaume is a region in the far south of Belgium. Situated at a lower altitude than the Ardennes, it is delineated by borders with France, the Land of Arlon and the Belgian Ardennes. Gaume is the roman part of the Belgian Lorraine region (the Land of Arlon being the Luxembourgish-speaking part of the Belgian Lorraine).
Gaume is composed by these districts : Chiny, Etalle, Florenville, Habay, Meix-devant-Virton, Musson, Rouvroy, Tintigny and Virton, even if some villages in the northern districts are not in Gaume (as Suxy or Hachy). The unofficial capital of the Gaume region is Virton.
Gaume is a destination for tourism in Belgium.
The Lorrain language, a langue d'oïl distinct from the Walloon language, is a minority language in Gaume where it is known as Gaumais. Although it is in decline, several local authors are trying to revive usage. Lorrain is recognised as a regional language of Wallonia.
The Semois river near Florenville
- Font-de-Gaume, a cave in Dordogne, France
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