|• Mayor||Brigitte Servatius (SPD)|
|• Total||50.38 km2 (19.45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||564 m (1,850 ft)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Gauting is a municipality in the district of Starnberg, in Bavaria, Germany with a population of approximately 20,000. It is situated on the river Würm, 17 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Munich and is a part of the Munich metropolitan area.
Stockdorf, Grubmühl, Buchendorf, Königswiesen, Hausen, Unterbrunn and Oberbrunn are included under the administration of Gauting. The municipality itself is surrounded by the Forstenrieder Park in the east, Mühltal in the south, Kreuzlinger Forst in the west and Grubmühl in the north.
Although the name, Gauting, is first mentioned in 753, settlements in the Gauting area traces back to early Bronze Age and is thus amongst the earliest in upper Bavaria. Cairns in Stockdorf and a large Celtic entrenchment offer evidence of the prehistoric dwellings.
Under the Roman Empire the settlement, then called Bratananium, marked a major crossroad of Via Julia, which connected the provincial capital Augusta Vindelicorum (Augsburg) with Juvavum (Salzburg) and Lake Constance. Many artifacts from that time have been discovered.
For many years, Gauting existed as a small rural village nestled in the Würm valley. A dramatic rise in population started with the opening of the Munich-Starnberg railroad in 1854. Gauting became popular as a weekend and holiday resort for wealthy citizens of the Bavarian capital, and since then it has become one of the most popular suburban communities adjoining Munich.
Gauting during the Third Reich
The abolition of the German Communist Party, immediately following the enabling act that gave the Nazi Party dictatorial powers, was one of the first administrative acts to be executed in Gauting in 1933. Soon each member of the communal council had to become a member of the NSDAP. Adolf Hitler and Adolf Wagner, the Gauleiter (district governor) of Upper Bavaria, who lived at Gauting, became honorary citizens. Hermann Nafziger was installed as Nazi-mayor. During the last days of World War II, the 8,000 surviving inmates of the Dachau concentration camp were sent on a so-called death march. Such marches were organized by order of Heinrich Himmler to prevent the inmates from being freed by the approaching allied troops. Many of the hostages died on the way through Gauting to their destination in Bad Tölz. The peaceful invasion of the US forces was possible due to the surrender of Hans Penzl of the Freiheitsaktion Bayern, a Bavarian resistance cell. After the war, the special military hospital for tuberculosis, situated in a former barracks building, was used in 1945 for treating the survivors of the concentration camps by the US Forces. Since many of the casualties were Jewish, a separate Jewish Cemetery was established in Gauting, next to the main cemetery.
Politics and Economy
|Year||SPD||CSU||Green||FDP||UBG||FBG||BIG||total||turnout (in %)|
BIG = Bürger in Gauting
FBG = Freie Bürgergemeinschaft Gauting
UBG = Unabhängige Bürger Gauting
- Clermont-l'Hérault in the Province of Languedoc (France)
- Patchway in South Gloucestershire (England)
The German Federal Intelligence Service Bundesnachrichtendienst operates its electronic intelligence department from Stockdorf. During the cold war, the base was camouflaged as Bundesstelle für Fernmeldestatistik (Federal Institute for Radio Statistics).
- Schloss Fußberg, medieval mansion, restructured 1721 and 1894
- Frauenkirche, 15th century, restructured in the 18th century
- Church of St. Benedikt, given as beneficence to Benediktbeuern monastery in the 9th century; was rebuilt in Gothic style (15th century); the present building dates to 1934 and was erected in Nazi style by architect Georg Buchner
- Villa Zerboni ca. 1905 and many representative houses in the so-called "Kolonie" historicistic or art nouveau style between 1900 and 1914
- Villa Junkers, built in 1923 by Bernhard Borst in historistic style, later owned by Hugo Junkers
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2012.
- Wolfgang Krämer: Geschichte der Gemeinde Gauting einschließlich der Hofmarken Fußberg und Königswiesen nebst Grubmühle, Reismühle und Gemeinde Stockdorf sowie der Schwaigen Kreuzing und Pentenried. Selbstverlag der Gemeinde Gauting, 1949.
- Siehe http://hsr-trans.zhsf.uni-koeln.de/quantum/bioweil/bayern.htm
- Hans-Georg Krause: Gauting in historischen Fotografien. Gauting: Buchendorfer Verlag, 1989.
- Winfried Nerdinger: Bauen im Nationalsozialismus, Bayern 1933-1945. München: Architekturmuseum der TU-München, 1993.