|Birth name||Richard Gavin Bryars|
|Born||16 January 1943|
Richard Gavin Bryars (/ /; born 16 January 1943) is an English composer and double bassist. He has been active in, or has produced works in, a variety of styles of music, including jazz, free improvisation, minimalism, historicism, experimental music, avant-garde and neoclassicism.
Early life and career
The first musical work for which he is remembered was his role as bassist in the trio Joseph Holbrooke, alongside guitarist Derek Bailey and drummer Tony Oxley. The trio began by playing relatively traditional jazz before moving into free improvisation. However, Bryars became dissatisfied with this when he saw a young bassist (later revealed to be Johnny Dyani) play in a manner which seemed to him to be artificial, and he became interested in composition instead.
Bryars's first works as a composer owe much to the New York School of John Cage (with whom he briefly studied), Morton Feldman, Earle Brown and minimalism. One of his earliest pieces, The Sinking of the Titanic (1969), is an indeterminist work which allows the performers to take a number of sound sources related to the sinking of the RMS Titanic and make them into a piece of music. The first recording of this piece appeared on Brian Eno's Obscure Records in 1975. The 1994 recording of this piece was remixed by Aphex Twin as Raising the Titanic (later collected on the 26 Mixes for Cash album).
Sample of The Sinking of the Titanic by Gavin Bryars.
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A well known early work is Jesus' Blood Never Failed Me Yet (1971), which has as its basis a recorded loop of a vagrant singing a musical fragment that the old man had improvised. On top of that loop, rich harmonies played by a live ensemble are built, always increasing in density, before the whole thing gradually fades out. A new recording of this work was made in the 1990s with Tom Waits singing along with the original recording of the vagrant during the final section.
Bryars was a founding member of the Portsmouth Sinfonia, an orchestra whose membership consisted of performers who “embrace the full range of musical competence” — and who played popular classical works. Its members included Brian Eno, whose Obscure Records label would subsequently release works by Bryars. In one of the first three releases from the label, Brian Eno's album Discreet Music, Bryars conducted and co-arranged the three pieces Three Variations on the Canon in D Major by Johann Pachelbel which constitute the second half of the album.
Bryars's later works have included A Man In A Room, Gambling (1992), which was written on commission from BBC Radio 3 and Artangel. Bryars's music is heard beneath monologues spoken by the Spanish artist Juan Muñoz, who talks about methods of cheating at card games. The ten short works were played on Radio 3 without any introductory announcements, and Bryars is quoted as saying that he hoped they would appear to the listener in a similar way to the shipping forecast, both mysterious and accepted without question. His Cello concerto Farewell to Philosophy was recorded in 1996 by Julian Lloyd Webber.
Bryars has written a large number of other works, including four operas, and a number of instrumental pieces, among them three string quartets and several concertos. He has written several pieces for choreographers, including Biped (1999) for Merce Cunningham. Between 1981–1984 he participated in the CIVIL warS, a vast, never-completed multimedia project by Robert Wilson, who also directed his first opera "Medea". He has also written a large body of vocal and choral music for groups such as the Hilliard Ensemble, the Latvian Radio Choir, the Estonian National Men's Choir, Red Byrd, Trio Mediaeval and has written a great deal for early music performers including 5 books of madrigals and a collection of over 40 "laude".
Bryars founded the music department at Leicester Polytechnic (now De Montfort University), and taught there for a number of years, but left in 1994 to concentrate on composition and performance. He lives in England, and, for part of the year, on the west coast of Canada.
He was born on the same day (16 January 1943) as another prominent English composer, Brian Ferneyhough.
- The Sinking of the Titanic (1969, First performance: Queen Elizabeth Hall, London 1972).
- Necropolis Soundtrack Film Franco Brocani (1970).
- Jesus' Blood Never Failed Me Yet (for Pre-recorded Tape and ensemble), 1972.
- Medea (Opera, libretto after Euripides. ) 1982, revised 1984 and 1995.
- CIVIL WarS (incomplete Opera collaboration with Robert Wilson), 1984 . Some sections of the music exist in completed form, as follows:
- On Photography for Chorus (SATB), harmonium, piano.
- 2B for Percussion ensemble.
- Arias For Marie Curie, The Queen of the Sea, Captain Nemo, The Japanese Bride.
- String Quartet No 1 Between the National and the Bristol, 1985.
- Cadman Requiem (Dedicated to Bill Cadman, his sound recordist, who perished in Pan Am 103), 1989.
- String Quartet No 2, 1990.
- A Man in a Room, Gambling for speaking voice and string quartet (Text: Juan Muñoz), 1992.
- The North Shore for viola and piano, 1993.
- Three Elegies for Nine Clarinets, 1994.
- Cello Concerto Farewell to Philosophy, 1995.
- Adnan Songbook, 1996.
- Doctor Ox's Experiment, opera, 1998.
- String Quartet no.3, 1998.
- Biped – music for the dance by Merce Cunningham, 1999.
- G (Being the Confession and Last Testament of Johannes Gensfleisch, also known as Gutenberg, Master Printer, formerly of Strasbourg and Mainz) Opera, 2002.
- Nothing like the Sun – 8 Shakespeare sonnets for soprano, tenor, speaking voice, 8 instruments, 2007.
- Piano Concerto ("The Solway Canal"), 2010.
- Billboard.com – Biography – Gavin Bryars
- Feeney, Anne. "Gavin Bryars: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Lewis, John (21 October 2009). "Gavin Bryars Ensemble: Union Chapel". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- ‘G' : Being the Confession and Last Testament of Johannes Gutenberg, also known as Gensfleisch, Master Printer, formerly of Strasbourg and Mainz (2002). Opera. Music by Gavin Bryars. Blake Morrison, 2005 (pictured)
- Gavin Bryars.com – The official Gavin Bryars website : bio, discog, news, etc.
- Schott Music Limited
- Myspace.com/gavinbryarsmusic – The official Gavin Bryars MySpace page : information and sound clips
- Gavin Bryars discography
- Clip of Cello Concerto on YouTube
- Cello Concerto Reviews
- BBC interview (2004)
- Culture Kiosque Interview (2000)
- Morton Feldman interviewed by Gavin Bryars and Fred Orton (1976)