Gavril Radomir of Bulgaria

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Gavril Radomir
Tsar of Bulgaria
Reign October 1014 – August 1015
Predecessor Samuel of Bulgaria
Successor Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria
Spouse Margareth of Hungary
Irene of Larissa
Issue Peter Delyan
four sons
House Comitopuli
Father Samuel of Bulgaria
Mother Kosara of Bulgaria
Died 1015

Gavril Radomir (Гаврил Радомир), normally rendered as Gabriel Radomir in English and Gavriil Romanos (Γαβριὴλ Ρωμανός) in Greek, was the ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire from October 1014 to August or September 1015. He was the son of Samuel of Bulgaria. During his father's reign, his cousin Ivan Vladislav and Ivan's entire family were all sentenced by Samuel to death for treason. Gavril's intervention saved them. He is said to have saved his father's life in the disastrous defeat of the Battle of Spercheios, and he was described as a gallant fighter.[1]

Around the same time that Emperor Basil II captured the bulk of Samuel's army, Gavril and his forces defeated the army of Theophylactus Botaniates. Having inherited Samuel's war with the Byzantine Empire, Gavril Radomir raided Byzantine territory, reaching as far as Constantinople. However, the Byzantines secured the assistance of Ivan Vladislav, who owed his life to Radomir. Vladislav murdered Radomir while hunting near Ostrovo[disambiguation needed], and then took the throne for himself.

Some sources connect Gavril Radomir with the medieval dualist sect, Bogomilism, a popular heretic movement that flourished in the region of Macedonia during his and his father's reign.[2]

Gavril Radomir married twice. His son Peter (II) Delyan played a role in attempting to secure independence for Bulgaria several decades later.

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comita
Nikola
 
 
 
Ripsimia
of Armenia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aron
 
Moses
 
David
 
Samuel
 
 
 
Kosara of Bulgaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ivan
Vladislav
 
Theodora
Kosara
 
Miroslava
 
Irene of Larissa
 
 
 
Gavril
Radomir
 
 
 
Margareth of Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
several sons
& daughters
 
 
 
Peter Delyan

Sources[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.promacedonia.org/en/sr/sr_preface.htm
  2. ^ Obolensky, Dimitry (1948). The Bogomils: A study in Balkan Neo-Manicheism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-58262-8. 

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Samuel of Bulgaria
Emperor of Bulgaria
1014–1015
Succeeded by
Ivan Vladislav