Gawler Central railway line

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AdMetTrainTransAdelaide.jpg
Gawler Central Line
GawlerCentralRailwayStationAdelaide.jpg
Railway Line Overview
Route
Starting Point Adelaide
Major Stations Mawson Lakes
Salisbury
Elizabeth
Smithfield
Gawler
Terminus Gawler Central
Line Length 42.2 km
Track Double track to Gawler
Single track to Gawler Central
Frequency
Peak Frequency Every 10-30 minutes
Weekday Frequency Every 15-30 minutes
Weekend Frequency Every 30 minutes
Night Frequency Every 60 minutes
Rolling Stock
2000/2100 class Yes
3000/3100 class Yes
History
Opened 1857
Re-sleepered (Concrete) 2010-12
Electrified work to commence in 2018
Adelaide Railway Lines
Belair Line
Gawler Central Line
Glenelg Tram
Grange Line
Seaford Line
Outer Harbor Line
Tonsley Line

The Gawler Central line is a suburban commuter railway line in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It is the only rail route in Adelaide to have no interchange with another line at any station except Adelaide.

History[edit]

The line was opened in 1857 from Adelaide to Gawler.[1][2] Branches would later be built from Gawler to Angaston, Truro, Morgan, Robertstown, Peterborough, Spalding and Gladstone.

Today the line is only served by Adelaide Metro services operated by 2000 and 3000 class railcars operating from Adelaide station to Gawler station.[3]

The last freight service on the line was the Penrice Stone Train which operated to Penrice until it ceased operating in June 2014.[4]

Between Adelaide and Salisbury, the two broad gauge lines are paralleled by one standard gauge line on the Adelaide to Port Augusta line, from Salisbury to Gawler there are two tracks, with a single track north of Gawler.

In 2008, the State Government announced a plan to rebuild the Gawler line in preparation for the line to be electrified with the Federal Government also to provide funding.[5]

This work saw the track removed, with the track bed and track renewed. Dual gauge sleepers were laid to allow for the line to be converted to standard gauge at a future date. The line was closed between North Adelaide and Mawson Interchange for four months from June 2010 for this work to be performed, and Mawson Interchange and Gawler Central station for seven months from September 2011.[6][7][8]

Following the withdrawal of the Federal Government funding, the electrification was postponed in October 2013.[9] In June 2014, it was announced that the electrification of the line as far as Salisbury will commence in 2018.[10]

Route[edit]

The line runs from Adelaide station north via the major suburbs of Mawson Lakes, Salisbury, Elizabeth and Smithfield to the town Gawler on the outer northern metropolitan fringe. The line is 42.2 kilometres in length and is currently the longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines.

Like the rest of the Adelaide suburban passenger rail network, the line is 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad gauge for its entire length. The Australian Rail Track Corporation's standard gauge Adelaide to Port Augusta line runs parallel to the route from the Gaol Triangle as far as Salisbury, then turns north west towards Virginia.

Services[edit]

All suburban passenger services are operated by Adelaide Metro. On 28 April 2008, new timetables were introduced on the Gawler Central line in an effort to boost efficiency on the line. Shorter secondary services that terminated at Dry Creek and Salisbury were withdrawn, new limited express services introduced, and a new Hi-Frequency station policy adopted.[3]

Under this policy, Hi-Frequency stations have services every 15 minutes during off-peak and peak times, while all other stations receive 30 minute intervals during both periods. This is in addition to several peak hour express services that stop at only major stations such as Mawson Interchange, Salisbury, Elizabeth, Smithfield and Gawler.[3]

Weekend services operate with 30 minute frequency, and every second train runs express between Adelaide and Dry Creek using 3000 class railcars. Evening/Night services are hourly and stop at all station with the exception of North Adelaide.[3] Until April 2008, most services along the line were operated by 3000 class railcars. However with the introduction of the new timetable, 2000 class railcars became more frequent especially during peak hour.

Nearly all services either start or terminate their journey at Gawler or Gawler Central stations apart from a morning peak express service that commences its journey at Salisbury.[3]

Freight[edit]

Freight is still a major factor along this transport corridor, with the Australian Rail Track Corporation's Adelaide to Port Augusta line running parallel to Salisbury. Since 1984, this line has been standard gauge and jhad no interface with the suburban lines. Aurizon, Genesee & Wyoming Australia, Pacific National, SCT Logistics, and Great Southern Rail operate services via the line, with the latter operating the The Ghan and Indian Pacific passenger trains along this section.

Until 2007, grain trains operated from Roseworthy to Port Adelaide. The last freight service on the Gawler line was the Penrice Stone Train which operated to Penrice until it ceased operating in June 2014.[4]

Railcar Depot Relocation[edit]

On 6 February 2011, a new Adelaide Metro railcar depot opened to the east of Dry Creek station to replace the facility outside of Adelaide station.[11] The depot is the major maintenance and re-fuelling facility for the 2000 and 3000 class diesel fleets, with capacity to store 70 railcars with over 11 kilometres of track. The depot has been designed to allow future conversion to support electric rollingstock.

Gallery[edit]

North Line suburban service
 Gauge and interchange key 
Broad gauge
Standard gauge
Adelaide Metro commuter trains
Adelaide Metro trams
Adelaide Metro buses
GSR interstate trains
to Penrice (GWA)
Murray Street
42.2km
0:59
Gawler Central
Bridge Street
Howard Street
Victoria Terrace
41.4km
0:57
Gawler Oval
South Para River
Gawler Junction to Roseworthy (GWA)
Overway Bridge Road
39.8km
0:55
Gawler(Hi-frequency)
Gawler Depot
39.3km
0:54
Gawler Racecourse(Race days only)
Barnet Road
Para Road
38.3km
0:52
Evanston
Gawler Bypass Road Sturt Highway
Clark Road
37.4km
0:50
Tambelin(Hi-frequency)
34.1km
0:47
Kudla
Dalkeith Road
32.2km
0:44
Munno ParaList of bus routes in Adelaide 440 443
Curtis Road
Anderson Walk
30.2km
0:42
Smithfield Interchange(Hi-frequency)List of bus routes in Adelaide Bus transfers
Munitions Store
28.3km
0:39
Broadmeadows
Womma Road
27.3km
0:37
Womma
Winterslow Road
25.8km
0:35
Elizabeth Interchange(Hi-frequency)List of bus routes in Adelaide Bus transfers
24.0km
0:33
Elizabeth South
GMH Junction to GMH Elizabeth
Private Road
21.6km
0:30
Nurlutta(to Gawler only)
Commercial Road
21.5km
0:30
Nurlutta(to Adelaide only)
Penfield line
to Bowmans & Port Augusta
Salisbury Highway Salisbury Highway
20.2km
0:28
Salisbury Interchange(Hi-frequency)List of bus routes in Adelaide
Park Terrace
18.6km
0:26
Chidda
Kings Road Kings Road
17.7km
0:24
Parafield(Hi-frequency)
16.6km
0:22
Parafield Gardens
15.5km
0:20
Greenfields
Elder Smith Road
14.3km
0:18
Mawson Lakes Interchange(Hi-frequency)List of bus routes in Adelaide
Port Wakefield Road Port Wakefield Road
to Dry Creek Railcar Depot and formerly to Northfield line
10.6km
0:14
Dry Creek
to Port Adelaide
Cormack Road
Grand Junction Road Grand Junction Road
Grand Junction
7.7km
0:11
Kilburn
Pacific National Freight Terminal
Islington Works
Regency Road
6.0km
0:09
Islington(Hi-frequency)List of bus routes in Adelaide 100
Pym Street
4.9km
0:07
Dudley Park
Belford Avenue
3.6km
0:05
OvinghamList of bus routes in Adelaide
Torrens Road
Hawker Street
Park Terrace City Ring Route
2.5km
0:04
North Adelaide(Peak-hours only)
Torrens Junction to Port Adelaide & Grange
River Torrens
to Melbourne
to Seaford, Tonsley & Belair
to Hindmarsh
West Terrace
City West
Montefiore Road
0.0km
0:00
AdelaideList of bus routes in AdelaideGlenelg Tram Mainline rail interchange
Glenelg Tram

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bassett Town & the Railway Town of Gawler
  2. ^ "Entry AHD6072". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gawler Central timetable Adelaide Metro 4 February 2013
  4. ^ a b Penrice soda ash plant at Osborne closing ABC News 25 June 2014
  5. ^ 2008/09 State Budget South Australian Department of Treasury & Finance June 2008
  6. ^ Gawler Line Reconstruction Coleman Rail
  7. ^ Gawler Line timetable Adelaide Metro
  8. ^ Rail Revitalisation Gawler Line Department for Transport, Energy & Infrastructure
  9. ^ Federal Government pulls plug on $76m Gawler Line electrification Adelaide Advertiser 24 October 2013
  10. ^ Rail Revitalisation Gawler Line Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure
  11. ^ Railcar Depot Relocation Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure

External links[edit]