Gawler Central railway line
Gawler Central Line
|Railway Line Overview|
|Major Stations||Mawson Lakes
|Line Length||42.2 km|
|Track||Double Track to Gawler
Single Track to Gawler Central
|Peak Frequency||Every 10-30 minutes|
|Weekday Frequency||Every 15-30 minutes|
|Weekend Frequency||Every 30 minutes|
|Night Frequency||Every 60 minutes|
|Re-sleepered (Concrete)||September 2011- April 2012|
|Electrified||Suspended until further notice.|
|Adelaide Railway Lines|
|Gawler Central Line|
|Outer Harbor Line|
The Gawler Central line is a suburban commuter railway line in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It is the only rail route in Adelaide to have no interchange with another line at any station except Adelaide.
The line was constructed in 1857-58 to connect the Adelaide with copper resources at Kapunda and Burra, as well as to provide passenger and freight services to the new town of Gawler. The construction of the standard gauge line to the west now carries the majority of freight, but there is still a regular "stone train" servicing the quarries at Penrice north of Angaston. Originally running through rural land, the line is now surrounded by suburbs and has developed into a suburban commuter line. The line is three tracks between Adelaide and Salisbury (two broad gauge and one standard gauge), two tracks between Salisbury and Gawler (both broad gauge), and a single broad gauge track between Gawler and Gawler Central. The line to Penrice continues on from Gawler Central; this is the only broad gauge freight line remaining in operation in South Australia.
When delivering the 2008 South Australian State Budget, Treasurer Kevin Foley announced a $116 million plan to re-bed, re-sleeper and re-rail the Gawler line as part of the Government's 10 year $2 billion plan to revitalise Adelaide's public transport network. With Federal Government Support the line was planned to be electrified by 2013. This was in addition to plans for the electrification of the Outer Harbor and (then named) Noarlunga lines, and the extension of the Glenelg Tramline.
The line runs from the Adelaide Railway Station north via the major suburbs of Mawson Lakes, Salisbury, Elizabeth and Smithfield to the satellite city (town) Gawler on the outer northern metropolitan fringe. The line is approx 42.2 kilometres in length and is currently the longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines.
Like the rest of the Adelaide suburban passenger rail network, the line is 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad gauge for its entire length. The ARTC mainline (standard gauge) runs parallel to the route from the Gaol Triangle as far as Salisbury, then turns north west towards Virginia and Two Wells.
On Monday, 28 April 2008, new timetables were introduced on the Gawler Central line in an effort by the South Australian Government and TransAdelaide to boost efficiency on the line. Shorter secondary services that terminated at Dry Creek and Salisbury were withdrawn, new limited express services introduced, and a new 'Hi-Frequency' station policy adopted.
Under this policy, "Hi-Frequency" stations have services every 15 minutes during off-peak and peak times, while all other stations receive 30 minute intervals during both periods. This is in addition to several peak hour 'express' services that stop at only major stations such as Mawson Interchange, Salisbury, Elizabeth, Smithfield and Gawler.
Weekend services operate with 30 minute frequency, and every second train runs express between Adelaide and Dry Creek using the standard 2 car 3000 or 3100 consists. Evening/Night services are hourly and stop at all station with the exception of North Adelaide. Until April 2008, most services along the line were operated by 3000 class railcars. However with the introduction of the new timetable, 2000 class railcars ("Jumbos") are now more frequent, especially during peak hour.
Nearly all services either start or terminate their journey at Gawler or Gawler Central stations apart from a morning peak express service between Adelaide and Salisbury and returns to Adelaide stopping only at Mawson Lakes using a single 3000 class railcar.
Freight is still a major factor along this transport corridor, with the ARTC mainline running parallel from near the Adelaide Station to Salisbury. This line is standard gauge and does not affect the operation of the suburban lines. Pacific National, Specialised Container Transport, and Great Southern Railway are some of the major operators, with the latter operating the Indian Pacific and The Ghan passenger trains along this section.
Broad gauge freight can also be seen along the line, a rare thing in today's South Australia. Genesee and Wyoming Australia operate the 'Stonie' along the suburban tracks from Penrice in the Barossa Valley and grain trains from Roseworthy to the Rosewater Loop (Dry Creek-Port Adelaide line), however no freight trains have been seen along the route to Roseworthy since 2007.
Rail Car Depot Relocation project
The RCDR project was a South Australian Government infrastructure project to relocate the railcar depot facilities from the north side of the west end of North Terrace in the Adelaide city centre, to make way for the new Royal Adelaide Hospital. Railcar maintenance, washing, stabling and refuelling facilities from North Terrace were relocated to alternative sites along the rail network.
- Dry Creek - has become the major maintenance and re-fuelling facility plus stabling capacity for at least 70 railcars with scope for expansion in the future.
- Lonsdale, South Australia - has been expanded to provide stabling for up to 30 railcars with scope for future expansion.
These facilities were designed to cater for both diesel and electric railcars and allow for conversion to standard gauge track. They have been designed to ensure capacity for future expansion.
The proposal dated 25 November 2008 involves a Dry Creek Railcar Depot covering an area of approximately 12 hectares, with a perimeter boundary of 3,500 metres and containing approximately 10 kilometres of rail track. The Dry Creek depot began operation in February 2011.
|North Line suburban service|
- "2008 State Budget". South Australian Department of Treasury and Finance. 5 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
- "Rail Revitalisation". South Australian Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Gawler Line Timetables - Adelaide Metro Website (PDF)
- RailSA Website
- About the project, Rail Car Depot Relocation project, www.infrastructure.sa.gov.au Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
- Rail Car Depot Relocation, 313th report of the Public Works Committee, Parliament of South Australia, www.parliament.sa.gov.au Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
- Track Layout & Operational Functionality, Rail Car Depot Relocation report, pg10. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
- Rail Revitalisation Project, SA Newsletter, Railway Technical Society of Australia, pp5-10. Retrieved on 2009-05-24.
- "Railcar Depot Relocation". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 10 April 2014.