Gayndah

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Gayndah
Queensland
GayndahFromLookout.JPG
Gayndah, seen from the town lookout
Gayndah is located in Queensland
Gayndah
Gayndah
Coordinates 25°38′0″S 151°36′0″E / 25.63333°S 151.60000°E / -25.63333; 151.60000Coordinates: 25°38′0″S 151°36′0″E / 25.63333°S 151.60000°E / -25.63333; 151.60000
Population 1,945 (2006)[1]
Established 1849
Postcode(s) 4625
Elevation 106 m (348 ft)
Location
LGA(s) North Burnett Region
State electorate(s) Callide
Federal Division(s) Flynn
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
28.2 °C
83 °F
13.6 °C
56 °F
766.9 mm
30.2 in

Gayndah /ˈɡndə/[2] is a town on the Burnett River in Queensland, Australia. It is 366 kilometres (227 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) west of the regional city of Maryborough. The Burnett Highway passes through the town. At the 2006 census, Gayndah had a population of 1,745.[1]

History[edit]

Exploration of the Gayndah area began in 1843. The first European settlers arrived in 1848, and the town was established in the following year. A post office was established at Gayndah in 1850.[3] Agriculture and grazing have been the dominant industries of the area. The town is the centre of Queensland's largest citrus-growing area. The Gayndah Orange Festival is held every two years to celebrate this industry.

Gayndah was considered for the capital of Queensland, but lost to Brisbane because the river was not deep enough, making it impossible for large cargo ships to unload near the town.[citation needed] Gayndah is the oldest official town in Queensland. The explorers Archer and James Charles Burnett established it in 1847.[citation needed] The town's information centre is located inside a man-made orange.

The name Gayndah is of Aboriginal origin and comes either from Gu-in-dah (or Gi-un-dah), meaning 'thunder', or from Ngainta, meaning 'place of scrub'.[4]

In 1872, the town was the location where the hoax fish Ompax spatuloides was supposedly procured.[5]

Gayndah War Memorial, 2008

On 8 September 1919 the Gayndah War Memorial was dedicated by the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Burnett, Bernard Corser.[6]

Another famous hoax is the story of the Gayndah Bear, a black bear said to be wandering around the banks of the Burnett river. The Gayndah Bear was first sighted in the late 1950s and again in 2000.[7]

Heritage listings[edit]

Gayndah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate[edit]


Climate data for Gayndah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
41.7
(107.1)
40.7
(105.3)
39.1
(102.4)
35.6
(96.1)
31.7
(89.1)
30.1
(86.2)
33.9
(93)
39.4
(102.9)
41.8
(107.2)
42.8
(109)
44.8
(112.6)
44.8
(112.6)
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
32.0
(89.6)
30.9
(87.6)
28.6
(83.5)
25.2
(77.4)
22.4
(72.3)
21.9
(71.4)
23.8
(74.8)
26.9
(80.4)
29.5
(85.1)
31.6
(88.9)
32.8
(91)
28.2
(82.8)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.1
(64.6)
14.4
(57.9)
10.3
(50.5)
7.5
(45.5)
5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
13.6
(56.5)
Record low °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
10.0
(50)
6.1
(43)
1.1
(34)
−1.1
(30)
−3.9
(25)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2.8
(27)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
8.3
(46.9)
−6.0
(21.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 113.8
(4.48)
106.8
(4.205)
72.7
(2.862)
37.2
(1.465)
38.9
(1.531)
36.5
(1.437)
35.7
(1.406)
26.4
(1.039)
33.1
(1.303)
64.3
(2.531)
81.5
(3.209)
105.3
(4.146)
752.2
(29.614)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 8.8 8.3 7.3 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.5 3.8 4.1 6.4 7.2 8.2 72.9
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[16]

Notable residents[edit]

Cultural facilities[edit]

Gayndah has a public library, the Gayndah Library.[17] The former St Joseph's Convent in Meson St Gayndah was in 2011 converted into an arts and cultural centre, The Gayndah Arts & Cultural Centre which also houses the Gaynah Art Gallery. Also located in Gayndah is the tourist attraction The Big Orange.

Sister city[edit]

Gayndah has one sister city, according to the Australian Sister Cities Association.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gayndah (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ New South Wales Government Gazette, 19 January 1850, cited by Frew, Joan (1981). Queensland Post Offices 1842–1980 and Receiving Offices 1869–1927, p. 277. Fortitude Valley, Queensland: published by the author, ISBN 0-9593973-0-2.
  4. ^ Reed, A. W. (1973). Place Names of Australia, p. 102. Sydney: A. H. & A. W. Reed. ISBN 0-589-07115-7
  5. ^ "A Mythical Fish.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 17 January 1934. p. 5. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Gayndah War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Frazier, Justine (3 February 2000). "Gayndah bear mystery". The World Today. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Gayndah War Memorial (entry 15292)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  9. ^ "Court House, Gayndah (entry 16057)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Mellors Drapery and Haberdashery (entry 16233)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  11. ^ "Gayndah Shire Hall (entry 16860)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  12. ^ "Gayndah Racecourse (entry 19635)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  13. ^ "Gayndah State School (entry 15291)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  14. ^ "Brick Cottage (entry 17004)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  15. ^ "Rail Bridge (Humphery) (entry 15293)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  16. ^ "Gayndah Post Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Gayndah Library Webpage". Gayndah Library. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Gayndah, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons