Gaynsky District

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Gaynsky District
Гайнский район (Russian)
Location of Gayny Region (Perm Kray).svg
Location of Gaynsky District in Perm Krai
Coat of Arms of Gainsky rayon (Perm krai).gif
Flag of Gainsky rayon (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administrative structure (as of November 2011)
Administrative center settlement of Gayny[1]
Inhabited localities:[1]
Rural localities 39
Municipal structure (as of March 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Gaynsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 14,928 km2 (5,764 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 13,802 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 0.92 /km2 (2.4 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
Established September 15, 1926[3]
Official website

Gaynsky District (Russian: Га́йнский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Komi-Permyak Okrug of Perm Krai, Russia; one of the thirty-three in the krai.[1] As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Gaynsky Municipal District.[2] It is located in the northwest of the krai. The area of the district is 14,928 square kilometers (5,764 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a settlement) of Gayny.[1] Population: 13,802 (2010 Census);[4] 17,351 (2002 Census);[7] 21,477 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Gayny accounts for 29.9% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography and climate[edit]

Major rivers flowing through the district include the Kama and its tributary the Veslyana. Other significant rivers are the Chyornaya, the Timsher, and the Lupiya. The largest lake is Lake Adovo with an area of 3.6 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi).

Climate is temperate continental with long and cold winters. Mid-January temperature is −16.7 °C (1.9 °F); mid-July temperature is +17.3 °C (63.1 °F). Annual precipitation is 500–550 millimeters (20–22 in). In the north of the district, pine forests dominate, comprising about 50% of the total forested area, while in the south spruce forests are more common.

History[edit]

The district was established on September 15, 1926.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The Komi-Permyak people are the aboriginal population. The population is concentrated along the Kama, the Veslyana, and the Chyornaya Rivers.[citation needed]

Ethnic composition (as of the 2002 Census):[3]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber industry. There are also dairy and brick factories and a mechanical-repair plant in Gayny. Arable lands make up less than 1% of the total district's area.

Transportation[edit]

Road network is poorly developed, with the density of only about 0.6 kilometers (0.37 mi) of paved roars per 100 square kilometers (39 sq mi). Gayny is connected by roads with Kudymkar and Syktyvkar; there are no bus station in the settlement, and the only bus stop is in its center. The Kama River plays a significant role in transportation.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #60
  3. ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia of Perm Krai. Entry on Gaynsky District (Russian)
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа. Закон №60 от 19 ноября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Гайнского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Парма", №238–239, 30 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Law #60 of November 19, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Gaynsky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day which is 10 days following the day of the official publication.).