Yasser Arafat International Airport

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Yasser Arafat International Airport (Closed)
مطار ياسر عرفات الدولي
Gaza Airport 5.jpg
IATA: GZAICAO: LVGZ
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Palestinian National Authority
Location Gaza Strip
Elevation AMSL 320 ft / 98 m
Coordinates 31°14′47″N 34°16′34″E / 31.24639°N 34.27611°E / 31.24639; 34.27611Coordinates: 31°14′47″N 34°16′34″E / 31.24639°N 34.27611°E / 31.24639; 34.27611
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
01/19 10,091 3,076 Asphalt (severely damaged)

Yasser Arafat International Airport (Arabic: مطار ياسر عرفات الدوليMaṭār Yāsir 'Arafāt ad-Dawli), formerly Gaza International Airport and Dahaniya International Airport, is located in the Gaza Strip, in between Rafah and Dahaniya, close to the Egyptian border. The facility ceased to operate in October 2000.[1] The radar station and control tower were bombed by Israel Defense Forces aircraft during the al-Aqsa Intifada.

History[edit]

The airport opened in 1998. It is owned, and was operated, by the Palestinian Authority, and served as the home airport for Palestinian Airlines. It was able to handle 700,000 passengers per year and operated 24 hours and 364 days a year. The total area of the airport is 235 hectares (2.35 km2).[2] The airport closed in 2001 after being severely damaged by Israeli military forces. Its destruction left Gaza Airstrip as the only serviceable runway in Gaza. The closest public airport in the area is Ben Gurion Airport in Israel.

The construction of the airport was provided for in the Oslo II Agreement of 1995. The airport was built with funding from Japan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Spain, and Germany and designed by Moroccan architects (modeled after Casablanca airport) and engineers funded by Morocco's King Hassan II. The total cost was $86 million. After a year of construction, it opened on 24 November 1998; attendees at the opening ceremony included Yasser Arafat and US President Bill Clinton. At the time, the opening of the airport was described as evidence of progress toward Palestinian statehood.[3] The airport got international airport codes (IATA: GZAICAO: LVGZ). The airport was twinned with Mohammed V International Airport, in Casablanca, Morocco.

Damaged building
Yasser Arafat International Airport
Satellite photo of the runway

The radar station and control tower were destroyed by Israel Defense Forces aircraft on 4 December 2001, after the start of the al-Aqsa Intifada. Bulldozers cut the runway apart on 10 January 2002.[4][5][6] From 2001 to 2006, airport staff still manned the ticket counters and baggage areas,[6] although no aircraft flew into or out of the airport during that period.

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) strongly condemned Israel for the destruction of the airport, which it deemed a violation of the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation (Montreal Convention, 1971). The ICAO also urged Israel to take measures to restore the facility to allow its reopening.[4]

On 22 July 2010, 7,203 Gazan children between the ages of 6 and 15 participated in setting a new Guinness World Record for the simultaneous dribbling of basketballs on the airport's undamaged tarmac ramp.[7][8]

Because of the short supply in construction materials in Gaza, stones of the airport's tarmac are used for rebuilding other structures.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gisha". 
  2. ^ Global Security (2009). Gaza International Airport. Retrieved on 2009-10-08 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/palestine/gip.htm.
  3. ^ Palestinians cheer airport as first step to statehood, Associated Press, 25 November 1998.
  4. ^ a b ICAO Council adopts resolution strongly condemning the destruction of Gaza International Airport. ICAO, 13 March 2002. On UNISPAL:
  5. ^ Grounded in Gaza, but hoping to fly again, MSNBC, 19 May 2005
  6. ^ a b Years of delays at Gaza airport, Alan Johnston, BBC News, 15 April 2005
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Gaza kids set basketball record
  9. ^ Gazans rip apart airport tarmac. Al Jazeera, 15 August 2010
  10. ^ Gaza airport destroyed by scavengers