Gaziantep Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gaziantep Province
Gaziantep ili
Province of Turkey
Location of Gaziantep Province in Turkey
Location of Gaziantep Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Southeastern Anatolia
Capital Gaziantep
Area
 • Total 6,000 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,700,763
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0342
Vehicle registration 27

Gaziantep Province (Turkish: Gaziantep ili) is a province in south-central Turkey. Its capital is the city of Gaziantep which had a population of 853,513 as of 2000. Its neighbours are Adıyaman at north, Şanlıurfa at east, Syria and Kilis at south, Hatay at southwest, Osmaniye at west and Kahramanmaraş at northwest.

An important trading center since ancient times, the province is also one of Turkey's major manufacturing zones, and its agriculture is dominated by the growing of pistachio nuts.

In ancient times, first the Hittites and later the Assyrians controlled the region. It saw much fighting during the Crusades, and Saladin won a key battle there in 1183. After World War I and Ottoman Empire's disintegration, it was invaded by the forces of the French Third Republic during the Turkish War of Independence. It was returned to Turkish control after the Treaty of Lausanne was signed, formally ending hostilities between Turkey and the Allies of World War I.

Originally known as Antep, the title gazi (meaning veteran in Turkish) was added to the province's and the provincial capital's name in 1921, due to its population's actions during the Turkish War of Independence.

Kilis Province was formerly part of Gaziantep Province.

Geology[edit]

Two major active geological faults meet in western Gaziantep near the border with adjoining Adana Province: the Dead Sea Transform and the East Anatolian Fault. These represent the tectonic boundary between the northward-moving Arabian Plate to the east, and the converging African and Eurasian Plates to the west.

Geography[edit]

Gaziantep is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Districts[edit]

A view from Gaziantep castle

Gaziantep province is divided into 9 districts (districts of the city Gaziantep in bold):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°02′26″N 37°18′25″E / 37.04056°N 37.30694°E / 37.04056; 37.30694