Gbadolite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gbadolite
Ville de Gbadolite
Aerial view of the town
Aerial view of the town
Gbadolite is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gbadolite
Gbadolite
Location in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 4°17′N 21°01′E / 4.283°N 21.017°E / 4.283; 21.017
Country DR Congo
Province Equateur
District Nord-Ubangi
Zone (territoire) de Gbadolite December 8, 1972[1]
Cité de Gbadolite March 25, 1982[1]
Ville de Gbadolite January 10, 1987[1]
Government
 • Mayor Ngbabesi Crispin[2]
Area[1]
 • Total 278 km2 (107 sq mi)
Elevation 462 m (1,516 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total 113,807
 • Density 408/km2 (1,060/sq mi)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Gbadolite or Gbado-Lite (pronounced [ɡ͡badolite]) is the capital of the Nord-Ubangi District in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The town is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of the Ubangi River at the border to the Central African Republic and 1,150 kilometres (710 mi) northeast of the national capital Kinshasa. Gbadolite was the ancestral home and residence of Mobutu Sese Seko, the President of Zaire from 1965 to 1997.

History[edit]

Mobutu built Gbadolite into a luxurious town often nicknamed "Versailles of the Jungle".[3] He built a hydroelectric dam on the nearby Ubangi River in Mobayi Mbongo, an international airport, Gbadolite Airport, which could accommodate Concorde, and three large palaces. As a result, the people of the town had no trouble finding jobs, often as servants. During Mobutu's regime, Gbadolite had also companies such as CDIA Zaire for farming productions, SOZAGEC for road constructions, and SAFRICAS for house constructions. The town had a General Hospital with high tech facilities which were destroyed in 1997. Gbadolite had also College Presidentiel, a high school famous for its academic excellence and administered by Jesuit Fathers to whom Mobutu gave the school. This School had a chemistry lab, physics lab, computer lab, olympic game facilities, band instruments of all kinds. The town was also famous for its Chapelle Marie la Misericorde, a luxurious church in which Mobutu buried his first wife Mama Mobutu.

Two palaces were built outside Gbadolite at Kawele. One an elaborate complex of Chinese pagodas and the other a modern mansion, these were used as residences for Mobutu and guests. The three storey palace in Gbadolite was used primarily for public functions.

Mobutu also built a nuclear bunker, that could house more than 500 people and was the largest in Africa and the only nuclear bunker in Central Africa. The bunker was connected to the Ubangui River by a secret tunnel, giving access to the military harbour at the village of N'dangi.[4]

When Laurent Kabila successfully led a rebellion and ousted Mobutu from power in 1997, Gbadolite was raided, and most of what was in the palaces was looted. The palaces are now being overrun by vegetation.

In 1998 the Ugandan backed MLC (Mouvement de Libération du Congo) rebel group, led by Jean-Pierre Bemba, captured Gbadolite from Kabila's government and it became the MLC's headquarters.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Villes de RD Congo - Gbado-Lite" (in French). MONUC. 2006-05-29. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  2. ^ "Nomination dans la territoriale : Les maires et les bourgmestres désignés" (in French). Réseau d'Organisations des Droits Humains et d'Education Civique d'Inspiration Chrétienne (RODHECIC). 2005-07-14. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  3. ^ "Legacy of corrupt and ruthless dictator who built Versailles in the jungle". London: The Independent. May 5, 1997. Retrieved December 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ L'Express, 22. December 2008, page 13

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°17′N 21°01′E / 4.283°N 21.017°E / 4.283; 21.017