Gdańsk University of Technology
|Gdańsk University of Technology|
|Motto||University with future and imagination|
The Gdańsk University of Technology (Polish: Politechnika Gdańska) is a technical university in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz, and one of the oldest universities in Poland. It has nine faculties and more than 24 thousand undergraduate, as well as about 400 doctoral students. In 2004 it employed 2500 people, including 1200 academics. The rector of the university is Henryk Krawczyk.
- 1 History
- 2 Location
- 3 Patrons
- 4 Campus
- 5 Scientific research
- 6 Recent achievements at GUT
- 7 Staff
- 8 International cooperation
- 9 Faculties
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The university was founded in 1904 as Königliche Technische Hochschule zu Danzig. At the time Gdańsk, then known as Danzig, was part of the German Empire. The history of Gdańsk is complex and the city itself belonged, at different times to Poland, Germany and was a "free city". The names of the city's educational institutions were affected by the changes in the city status.
The university was known by different names:
- 1918–1921: Technische Hochschule in Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna w Gdańsku)
- 1921–1939: Technische Hochschule der Freien Stadt Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna Wolnego Miasta Gdańska)
- 1939–1941: Technische Hochschule Danzig
- 1941–1945: Reichshochschule Danzig
In the late 1930s, Polish students were subject to discrimination by German teachers, many of whom had joined the NSDAP Nazi Party. Following the outbreak of World War II, Polish students were expelled from the university. Instructors who were members of the NSDP taught classes in uniforms of the Nazi party and began each class with a Hitler salute.
Toward the end of the war, the university was turned into a German army hospital. When the Soviet Red Army captured the university/hospital, Russian soldiers shot dead some of the Germans and then closed all exits to the main building and burned alive the remaining wounded German soldiers. The Russians arranged stables and barracks in other buildings. In 1945, all Germans were expelled from the city of Gdansk and the burned ruins were turned into a Polish university (24.05.1945). In light of tragic history of the university under Nazi rule, today's university officially does not continue traditions of pre-war schools and its history starts in 1945.
The school was reorganized and rebuild under the supervision of Stanisław Turski, a Polish mathematician and former inmate of German concentration camps. Turski also served as the first post-war rector of the university.
Important dates in Gdansk University of Technology history:
1900 – the cornerstone is laid for the university building
1904 – King’s Technical High School is created
1941-1945 – the university is subordinated to the nazi Germany
1945 – on May 24, the university became a Polish state academy
2004 – 100-year anniversary of founding a Gdansk University of Technology
2004 – 110-year anniversary of founding a Gdansk University of Technology
2020 – Smart University
Gdansk University of Technology (GUT) is located in Gdańsk – a city of more than 1000-year old tradition, situated at the mouth of the Vistula River on the Baltic Sea. Much of the city’s industry is related to shipbuilding and shipping.
Gdańsk is the capital of the Pomeranian region and has nearly 500 000 inhabitants.There are numerous hisher education institutions located in the region. Among this quite considerable group, Gdańsk University of Technology is the largest technical university and the oldest technical university in Poland.
Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) created the first world's great astronomical observatory equipped with telescopes. Hevelius was also a physicist because he discovered centuries old changes in magnetic declination. He was technician too, because he constructed Poland's first pendulum clock, conceived, designed and built the first world's periscope, as well as the first micrometer screw which belongs today to the Gdańsk City Council.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) was born in Gdańsk. He is mainly known for being the first to use mercury in temperature measuring devices (previously alcohol was used) and developed his own scale of 0 to 212 degrees.
Hevelius and Fahrenheit, the two distinguished physicists who are considered as representatives of Polish science, have their own places of rembrance at Gdańsk University of Technology. By virtue of the Resolution of the Senate, the Yards in the Main Building of Gdańsk University of Technology have been named after the two scientists. Both of them has been commemorated with a reliefs, that have been designed by the scientists of Gdańsk University of Tevhnology due to genetic algorithm and a specially designed computer application running on GUT's supercomputer.
The university campus consists of many buildings built with various architectural styles over the last one hundred years. The monumental Main Building designed at the beginning of the 20th century in the Dutch Neo-Renaissance style by Albert Cersten - an architect and a university professor - is the symbol of the university.
During the second world war 60 percent of the building and 70 percent of its roofing got burnt. The steel framework was the only remains of the clock tower. The damages were rebuilt but the dacision on the tower reconstruction was put off many times. It was rebuilt on the Main Building 13 May 2012.
The campus of the Gdańsk University of Technology is continuously being developed. Elegant, modern, and eco-friendly buildings co-exist with charming and majestic edifices. Classes take place in modern auditoriums and well equipped specialised laboratories.
There are following modern educational and research centers along with supporting units within the university campus:
- Nanotechnology Centre with 25 modern laboratories equipped with unique devices for tests and level of atoms
- LINTE^2 Laboratory of Innovative Electrical Power Technologies and Integration of Renewable Energy Sources.
- Maths and Distance Learning Centre that uses modern ICT technologies and tools for mathematical modeling and visualization of data.
- ICT Educational and Research Centre thet collaborates with over 100 companies in Pomerania and their partners in Kuyavia and Mazovia regions.
- Academic Sports Centre – sports facilities accessible to all students and employees: two swimming-pools: 25 m and 12,5 m; a full size football pitch 64m x 105m; a sports hall, a volleyball pitch, outdoor tennis courts; a fitness gym, bodybuilding gyms, a rowing gym, and a judo gym.
Gdańsk University of Technology has a modern student housing estate, which accommodates more than 2,500 people in 11 dormitories located in three attractive locations in the city.
- 300 inventions ready for implementation
- 200 research and development projects currently carried out
- 800 agreements with entrepreneurs concluded in last 3 years
There are high investment projects carried out under the MAESTRO programme, the Applied Research Programme, the LIDER programme, the INNOTECH programme and the new GRAF-TECH programme. Outstanding students carry out their projects at the university within Diamond Grant programme.
Recent achievements at GUT
A cyber-eye can help people who fall into a coma. The device consists of an infrared camera and a special program that reads the eyeball movement. The cyber-eye allows to follow the place on the computer screen which the user observes. Thanks to it the patient can inform that he is thirsty or that a window needs to be opened. The authors of the system won the “Polish Innovation 2013” competition organized by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. The invention is a part of the series of types of computer multimodal interfaces project.
Within 15 minutes it indicates a suspicious fragment in the recording where there may be an ulcer, bleeding, a polyp or another disease. It sends information about the completed analysis by text message or by email. A system to support the diagnostic endoscopic examination of the human digestive tract named MEDEYE has been designed to make the work of a physician more efficient. It analyses and interprets the image from a tiny camera closed in a capsule. Thanks to the MEDEYE the physician does not have to watch several-hourlong recordings but can concentrate on the fragments indicated by the system.
A domestic assistant for the elderly and ill people consists of a set of devices that discretely monitor the patient during his daily activities. The assistant collects information thanks to various sensors. In the case when the collected data substantially differs from the norm, the system alarms the physician or the person who takes care of the patient. Several devices were designed under this project and include an e-bathtub that monitors the patient taking a bath, an e-blanket that monitors the heart function of the patient sitting in an armchair and an e-blowpipe for rehabilitation in the case of facial nerve paralysis.
Medicine for osteoporosis
Most medicines available on the global market which contain alendronate sodium contain a biologically active substance manufactured by Polpharma SA basing on the technology developed at Gdańsk University of Technology. A single pack of Ostemax 70 comfort that contains 4 pills costs 25-30 PLN. In 2013 Polpharma SA was awarded the President of the Republic of Poland's Award for Innovation in recognition of its work on innovative technologies and launching a series of substances used for osteoporosis treatment.
The NOR-STA Platform is a platform of innovative software services facilitating achieving and assessing conformance to norms and standards – including hospital accreditation, CAF (Common Assessment Framework), information security management systems and HACCP standards. The users of the platform indicate its following major advantages: improved document management, retaining conformance, support for decision making process and time saving. This solution was awarded with the Gold Medal - Consumer Choice at the Poznań International Fair.
Gdańsk University of Technology employs over 2500, including 1200 teachers:
- over 100 full professors
- 135 senior doctor lecturers
- 576 doctors
The Gdańsk University of Technology takes part in the European ERASMUS programme: Erasmus Plus, LLP Erasmus, LLP Erasmus Intensive Programs, Erasmus Mundus, Jean Monnet, CEEPUS, Tempus and Leonardo da Vinci. Number of foreign students and visitors from all over the world grows year after year.
Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Civil engineering (structural engineering, construction engineering)
- Water resources engineering
- Transportation engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Sanitary engineering
- Geodesy engineering (Surveying)
Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics
- Automation and robotics engineering
Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology
Management and Economics
Applied Physics and Mathematics
Electrical and Control Engineering
- Józef Włodarski. "Technical University in Gdańsk in the years 1904–1945, official website of Gdansk Technical University". Józef Włodarski. Retrieved November 25, 2009.