Gdańsk University of Technology
|Gdańsk University of Technology|
|Motto||"Patriae Marique Fidelis"|
|Established||October 6, 1945 (1904)|
|Rector||prof. dr hab. inż. Henryk Krawczyk|
The Gdańsk University of Technology (pol. Politechnika Gdańska) is a technical university in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz, and one of the oldest universities in Poland. It has nine faculties and more than 24 thousand undergraduate, as well as about 400 doctoral students. In 2004 it employed 2500 people, including 1200 academics.
The rector of the university is Henryk Krawczyk.
In 1995 Wirtualna Polska was founded there and the office of the company is still located in one of the former campus canteens.
- 1 History
- 2 Patrons
- 3 Campus
- 4 Staff
- 5 Faculties
- 6 International cooperation
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 9 Gallery
The university was founded in 1904 as Königliche Technische Hochschule zu Danzig. At the time Gdansk, then known as Danzig, was part of the German Empire. The history of Gdansk is complex and the city itself belonged, at different times to Poland, Germany and was a "free city". The names of the city's educational institutions were affected by the changes in the city status.
The university was known by different names:
- 1918–1921: Technische Hochschule in Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna w Gdańsku)
- 1921–1939: Technische Hochschule der Freien Stadt Danzig (Wyższa Szkoła Techniczna Wolnego Miasta Gdańska)
- 1939–1941: Technische Hochschule Danzig
- 1941–1945: Reichshochschule Danzig
In the late 1930s, Polish students were subject to discrimination by German teachers, many of whom had joined the NSDAP Nazi Party. Following the outbreak of World War II, Polish students were expelled from the university. Instructors who were members of the NSDP taught classes in uniforms of the Nazi party and began each class with a Hitler salute.
Toward the end of the war, the university was turned into a German army hospital. When the Soviet Red Army captured the university/hospital, Russian soldiers shot dead some of the Germans and then closed all exits to the main building and burned alive the remaining wounded German soldiers. The Russians arranged stables and barracks in other buildings. In 1945, all Germans were expelled from the city of Gdansk and the burned ruins were turned into a Polish university (24.05.1945). In light of tragic history of the university under Nazi rule, today's university officially does not continue traditions of pre-war schools and its history starts in 1945.
The school was reorganized and rebuild under the supervision of Stanisław Turski, a Polish mathematician and former inmate of German concentration camps. Turski also served as the first post-war rector of the university.
Johannes Hevelius (1611-1687) created the first world's great astronomical observatory equipped with telescopes. Hevelius was also a physicist because he discovered centuries old changes in magnetic declination. He was technician too, because he constructed Poland's first pendulum clock, conceived, designed and built the first world's periscope, as well as the first micrometer screw which belongs today to the Gdansk City Council.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736) was born in Gdansk. He is mainly known for being the first to use mercury in temperature measuring devices (previously alcohol was used) and developed his own scale of 0 to 212 degrees.
Hevelius and Fahrenheit, the two distinguished physicists who are considered as representatives of Polish science, have their own places of rembrance at Gdańsk University of Technology. By virtue of the Resolution of the Senate, the Yards in the Main Building of Gdańsk University of Technology have been named after the two scientists. Both of them has been commemorated with a reliefs, that have been designed by the scientists of Gdańsk University of Tevhnology due to genetic algorithm and a specially designed computer application running on our supercomputer.
The university campus consists of many buildings built with various architectural styles over the last one hundred years. The monumental Main Building designed at the beginning of the 20th century in the Dutch Neo-Renaissance style by Albert Cersten - an architect and a university professor - is the symbol of the university.
During the second world war 60 percent of the building and 70 percent of its roofing got burnt. The steel framework was the only remains of the clock tower. The damages were rebuilt but the dacision on the tower reconstruction was put off many times. It was rebuilt on the Main Building 13 May 2012.
The campus of the Gdańsk University of Technology is continuously being developed. Elegant, modern, and eco-friendly buildings co-exist with charming and majestic edifices. Classes take place in modern auditoriums and well equipped specialised laboratories.
Gdańsk University of Technology employs over 2500, including 1200 teachers:
- over 100 full professors
- 135 senior doctor lecturers
- 576 doctors
Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Civil engineering (structural engineering, construction engineering)
- Water resources engineering
- Transportation engineering
- Environmental engineering
- Sanitary engineering
- Geodesy engineering (Surveying)
Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics
Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology
Management and Economics
- undergraduate and graduate programs in Management and Marketing
Applied Physics and Mathematics
Electrical and Control Engineering
The Gdańsk University of Technology takes part in the European ERASMUS programme.
- Józef Włodarski. "Technical University in Gdańsk in the years 1904–1945, official website of Gdansk Technical University". Józef Włodarski. Retrieved November 25, 2009.