Geary County, Kansas
|Geary County, Kansas|
Geary County Courthouse in Junction City
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 7, 1889|
|Named for||John W. Geary|
404.39 sq mi (1,047 km²)
384.69 sq mi (996 km²)
19.70 sq mi (51 km²), 4.87%
62.8/sq mi (24.3/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Geary County (county code GE) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 34,362. Its county seat and most populous city is Junction City. The county is named in honor of Governor John W. Geary. Geary County is part of the Manhattan, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Geary County was formed on August 30, 1855 as an original county from open, free territory. It was among the first 33 counties established by the territory government.
Geary County was originally named Davis County in 1855 after Jefferson Davis. In 1862 and 1864 after Davis became president of the confederacy, attempts were made to change the county's name, but both failed. Federal census records show it as Davis County from 1860 through 1880, in addition to the 1885 Kansas State census. In 1888 the county was renamed in honor of John W. Geary, an early Governor of the Kansas Territory. 
Law and government 
Geary County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1990.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 404.39 square miles (1,047.4 km2), of which 384.69 square miles (996.3 km2) (or 95.13%) is land and 19.70 square miles (51.0 km2) (or 4.87%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Riley County (north)
- Wabaunsee County (east)
- Morris County (south)
- Dickinson County (west)
- Clay County (northwest)
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 27,947 people, 10,458 households, and 7,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 11,959 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.13% White, 22.03% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 3.16% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 5.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.45% of the population.
There were 10,458 households out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,917, and the median income for a family was $36,372. Males had a median income of $25,942 versus $21,389 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,199. About 9.70% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
Incorporated cities 
Name and population (2004 estimate):
Unincorporated places 
Fort Riley 
Located north of the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers, the Fort Riley Military Reservation covers 100,656 acres (407 km2) in Geary and Riley counties. The fort has a daytime population of nearly 25,000 and includes two census-designated places:
Geary County is divided into eight townships. The city of Junction City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Blakely||07275||113||1 (3)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Jackson||34775||78||1 (2)||104 (40)||0 (0)||0%|
|Jefferson||35200||Grandview Plaza||1,651||13 (35)||124 (48)||2 (1)||1.55%|
|Liberty||40050||225||1 (3)||171 (66)||0 (0)||0.03%|
|Lyon||43500||298||3 (7)||113 (43)||1 (1)||1.20%|
|Milford||46550||1,583||16 (41)||101 (39)||28 (11)||21.49%|
|Smoky Hill||66000||4,974||33 (86)||149 (58)||20 (8)||11.84%|
|Wingfield||80025||139||1 (3)||123 (48)||0 (0)||0%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
Unified school districts 
See also 
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Cutler, William G. (1883). History of the State of Kansas. A.T. Andreas.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Geary County, Kansas|
- Official sites
- Geary County
- Junction City and Geary County Economic Development
- Geary County Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Geary County - Information, Skyways
- Fort Riley
- Geary County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
||Clay County||Riley County|
|Dickinson County||Wabaunsee County|