Geelong Grammar School
|Geelong Grammar School|
|Type||Independent, Co-educational, Day and Boarding|
|Founder||Archdeacon Theodore Carlos Benoni Stretch|
|Chairman||Jeremy D. Kirkwood|
Geelong Grammar School is an independent, Anglican, co-educational, boarding and day school. The school's main campus is located at Corio, on the northern outskirts of Geelong, Victoria, Australia, overlooking Corio Bay and Limeburners Bay.
Established in 1855 under the auspices of the Church of England, Geelong Grammar School has a non-selective enrolment policy and currently caters for approximately 1,500 students from Pre-school to Year 12, including 800 boarders from Years 5 to 12. The school's fees are the most expensive in Australia, based on a comparison of Year 12 student fees.
Geelong Grammar School is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia (JSHAA), the Australian Boarding Schools' Association (ABSA), the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia (AHISA), the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria (AISV), and is a founding member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria (APSV). The school is also a member of the G20 Schools Group. The school has offered the International Baccalaureate (IB) since February 1997.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2008)|
The school was founded in 1855 as a private diocesan school with the blessing of Bishop Perry by The Ven. Theodore Stretch, Archdeacon of Geelong, with an initial enrolment of fourteen boys. The school grew rapidly and in 1857 it was assigned £5,000 of a government grant for church schools by Bishop Perry, the foundation stone was laid for its own buildings, and it was transformed into a public school. The school closed due to financial difficulties in 1860, only to re-open in 1863 with John Bracebridge Wilson, who had been a master under Rev. George Vance, as Head Master.
For many years Bracebridge Wilson ran the school at his own expense and through this time boarders came to compose the greater part of the student body. In 1875, James Lister Cuthbertson joined the staff as Classics Master. He had a great influence upon the boys of the school and was much admired and loved by them in spite of his alcoholism. Upon the death of Bracebridge Wilson in 1895, Cuthbertson became acting Head Master until the appointment of Leonard Harford Lindon early in the next year.
Lindon ran the school for 15 years, but was never fully accepted by the old boys because he lacked the personal warmth[according to whom?] with the boys that had been seen with Bracebridge Wilson and Cuthbertson. By the turn of the century the school was outgrowing its buildings in the centre of Geelong, and so it was decided to move. The school council chose to open the Head Mastership to new applicants. Lindon re-applied, but was rejected, and the Rev. Francis Ernest Brown was chosen as the new Head Master.
In 1909, the school purchased a substantial amount of land in the then rural Geelong suburb of Belmont, bounded by Thomson, Regent and Scott Streets, and Roslyn Road. On 21 October 1910, Chairman of the school, W.T. Manifold turned the first sod at the site of what was expected to be a new era for the school. These plans had faded by August 1911, when adjoining rural land was offered for sale as the Belmont Hill Estate. The school council judged that the adjacent suburban subdivision would work against their plans for a boarding school, not one catering for day boys. The decision was rapidly made to buy land on the opposite side of Geelong at Corio, and the land at Belmont was sold for further residential subdivision.
At the end of 1913 the school left its old buildings near the centre of Geelong and opened at its expansive new site at Corio in February 1914. Brown put a greater emphasis on religion than his predecessors, and the new isolated location with its own chapel was ideal for this.
Upon Brown's retirement in 1929 the school council set out to find a 40 year old married clergyman as the next Head Master, but they ended up choosing James Ralph Darling, a 30 year old layman and bachelor. This proved to be a most successful choice, and ushered in an era of creativity and massive expansion, following the purchase, in 1927, of Bostock House, the Geelong Church of England Grammar Preparatory School in Newtown, and Glamorgan Preparatory School in Toorak in 1928. Darling's boldest initiative was the starting of the Timbertop annexe, in the foothills of the Victorian Alps near Mansfield, in 1953. He attracted many acclaimed in their fields to work as masters at the school, including the historian Manning Clark, the musician Sir William McKie, and the artist Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack.
Thomas Ronald Garnett succeeded Darling in 1961. He took the school down a liberal path, most notably in early steps towards co-education, with girls from Geelong Church of England Girls' Grammar School "The Hermitage" taking certain classes at Corio by the early 1970s, but also by making chapel non-compulsory; a policy later reversed. At the start of 1972, co-education was formally introduced when girls were accepted into the two senior years.
Garnett was succeeded by the Hon. Charles Douglas Fisher, who continued the move towards co-education. In a staff meeting in which the votes for and against co-education were equal, he cast the deciding vote that led to the school accepting girls through all levels. In 1976, after a year of negotiations, G.C.E.G.S., G.C.E.G.G.F.S. "The Hermitage", and Clyde School amalgamated. Fisher died as the result of a car accident on the way to Timbertop for an end of year service in 1978.
An interregnum of a two years was followed by the appointment, in 1980, of John Elliot Lewis, who was headmaster of Eton College. Under the leadership of Lewis the school set about renovating the boarding and day houses to bring them up more acceptable modern standards, and there was a focus on improving academic results in addition to the generally rounded education offered. In part, this was achieved through introducing timetable flexibility to allow able later-year high-school students to undertake Victorian Certificate of Education studies ahead of their cohort. The school is now one of 43 high schools in Australia to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma programme as an alternative to the VCE. The later years of Lewis' Head Mastership saw an effort (which has been largely successful) to make the school less hierarchical.
The period since Lewis has seen two Head Masterships by Lister Hannah and Nicholas Sampson, and in 2004 the appointment of the current Head Master, Stephen Meek.
|1855–1862||Rev. Dr. George Oakley Vance|
|1863–1895||John Bracebridge Wilson|
|1896–1911||Leonard Harford Lindon|
|1912–1929||Rev. Dr. Francis Ernest Brown|
|1930–1961||Sir James Ralph Darling|
|1961–1973||Thomas Ronald Garnett|
|1974–1978||Hon. Charles Douglas Fisher|
|1980–1994||John Elliot Lewis|
Geelong Grammar School has four campuses:
- Corio Years 5 to 8 (Middle School) and 10 to 12 (Senior School), boarding and day.
- Bostock House Pre-school to Year 4, day.
- Toorak Campus (formerly known as Glamorgan) Pre-school to Year 6, day.
- Timbertop Year 9, Full-time boarding
The school had planned in the 1990s to open a campus in northern Thailand, but the project was cancelled following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, as the Thai government suspended many major projects, and also due to the collapse of the hillside site on which the campus was to be built, as the school had failed to undertake a geological survey to establish the suitability of the site. The school lost approximately $3.5 million in this planning failure.
- Allen (Day, Co-ed., 1914, originally Geelong)
- Clyde (Boarding, Girls, 1976, nominal successor to Clyde School)
- Cuthbertson (Boarding, Boys, 1914)
- Elisabeth Murdoch (Boarding, Girls, 2009)
- Francis Brown (Boarding, Boys, 1937)
- Fraser (Day, Co-ed., 1976)
- Garnett (Boarding, Girls, 1982)
- The Hermitage (Boarding, Girls, 1976, originally Jennings, nominal successor to CEGGS "The Hermitage")
- Manifold (Boarding, Boys, 1914)
- Perry (Boarding, Boys, 1914)
- Barrabool (Boarding, Boys)
- Barwon (Boarding, Boys)
- Connewarre (Boarding, Girls)
- Highton (Day, Co-ed)
- Otway (Day, Co-ed)
Buildings at Corio
Some notable buildings at Corio include:
- The Handbury Centre for Wellbeing aka. The Wellbeing Centre
The Handbury Centre for Wellbeing is Geelong Grammar's main centre for sport, health and overall wellbeing. It was opened on 20 April 2008. The Centre comprises a multi purpose sports hall, a FINA-accredited 25 metre pool with diving bowl, a fitness centre, a dance studio, the John Court Café, the GGS Shop and the School's Medical Centre, Kennedy, that also has rooms for counselling services and physiotherapy.
Perry Quad Built in 1913 and extended in the 1930s the Quad is located at the centre of the school between the Dining Hall and the Chapel. It houses classrooms, school administration, the Morris Room (staff dining room), three staff residences ( The Dovecote, The Eyrie, and the Vicarage), the Hawker Library, and until 1986 Perry House. The central quadrangle is grassed and there is a fountain in its centre. It is often used for assemblies and plays. The clocktower is on the eastern side of the Perry Quad.
Hawker Library Originally the school library, its decor dates from the 1940s. From 1979 it housed the History Library, and was in 2005 converted into the Michael Collins Persse Archives Centre and School Museum.
The Cloisters Linking the Quad and Chapel, the Cloisters are the school's main war memorial. There are plaques commemorating OGGs who died in the First and Second World Wars at either end. The ANZAC Day service is held around the Cloisters every year. Silence is to be maintained at all times in the Cloisters.
Chapel of All Saints Built in stages between 1914 and 1929 the Chapel is at the spiritual centre of the school. All students must attend a weekday service and boarders must also attend on Sundays. The 3 manual organ was originally built by Hill in 1909 and was expanded in 1958 by J. W. Walker.
Dining Hall Built in 1913 and extended in 1933 the Dining Hall is where all Senior School students take meals. There are paintings of all former Head Masters of GGS, as well of some of the school founders, and some the Headmistresses of The Hermitage and Clyde.
Darling Hall Built in the 1960s the Darling Hall serves as the Middle School Dining Hall and Examinations Hall. At its East end is the sanctuary that was originally in the Assembly Hall of The Hermitage.
Music School Built in 1938 and standing out as one of the few buildings at Corio not constructed with red bricks, the Music School contains many small practice rooms, a band room, and the Music Hall, which is used for many concerts by students, staff, and visiting musicians.
Art School Built in 1937 the Art School served as the only centre for art in the school until the construction of the Sinclaire and Hirschfeld Mack Centres in the last 5 years. It remains at the centre of art in the school, being used mostly for painting and drawing.
Fisher Library Built in 1979 and renovated and extended in 2005 the Fisher is now Senior School's sole lending library, now incorporating the collections of the former History Library.
Bracebridge Wilson Theatre Opening in 1978 (replacing the 1890s Bracebridge Wilson Hall, which burnt in 1976), the "BW" is where most school plays and school assemblies are held. It seats approximately 300 people in fixed seating. However, seating capacity can be expanded to accommodate approximately 600 people.
Cook Quad Built in stages until the 1930s the Cook Quad houses most of the school's Science Department. 
Former students of Geelong Grammar and old girls of The Hermitage and Clyde School are known as Old Geelong Grammarians (OGGs), and may elect to join the school's alumni association, the Old Geelong Grammarians Association. Former teachers include the German/Australian artist Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack.
In 2001, The Sun-Herald ranked Geelong Grammar School fourth in Australia's top ten boys' schools, based on the number of its male alumni mentioned in the Who's Who in Australia (a listing of notable Australians). Amongst the school's notable alumni are: HRH Charles, Prince of Wales, Media mogul Rupert Murdoch, Portia de Rossi, John Gorton, Prime Minister of Australia (1968–1971); HM Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin, Tim Macartney-Snape a mountaineer and author, Sultan of Terengganu (King of Malaysia), and Kerry Packer, who was Australia's richest person at the time of his death.
The Corian is the journal of the Geelong Grammar School . Published as The Geelong Grammar School Annual (1875–76), The Geelong Grammar School Quarterly (1877–1913), and The Corian (1914–). Published quarterly since 1877 it reverted to an annual in 1992.
- "The School Crest and Motto". About GGS. Geelong Grammar School. Retrieved 2007-12-28.[dead link]
- "Geelong Grammar School". Find a School. Association of Independent Schools of Victoria. 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "History". About GGS. Geelong Grammar School. Retrieved 2007-12-28.[dead link]
- "Geelong Grammar School". Schools. Australian Boarding Schools' Association. Archived from the original on 2007-11-17. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Ferrari and Hall, Justine and Lex (2 January 2009). "Grin and bear it: private schools lift fees". The Australian.
- Topsfield, Jewel (4 December 2010). "Ties that bind prove a private education has its awards". The Age. p. 11. The hard copy article also published a table of the schools which were ranked in the top ten places, as follows: (1st with 19 awards) Scotch College, Melbourne, (2nd with 17 awards) Geelong Grammar School, (3rd with 13 awards) Sydney Boys High School, (equal 4th with 10 awards each) Fort Street High School, Perth Modern School and St Peter's College, Adelaide, (equal 7th with 9 awards each) Melbourne Grammar School, North Sydney Boys High School and The King's School, Parramatta, (equal 10th with 6 awards each) Launceston Grammar School, Melbourne High School, Wesley College, Melbourne and Xavier College.
- "JSHAA Victorian Directory of Members". Victoria Branch. Junior School Heads' Association of Australia. 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Victoria". Schools. Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Leung, Chee Chee (2005-03-29). "Top schools pledge to play fair". National (Melbourne: The Age). Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Geelong Grammar School". IB World Schools. International Baccalaureate Organization. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- Belmont Heritage Areas Report – Volume 1 August 2007 (PDF-3133KB)[dead link]
- "Geelong Grammar School Timeline".
- "The World Today Archive – School to introduce drug tests for 'at risk' students". www.abc.net.au. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- Jones, Carolyn (30 April 1998). "Geelong Grammar Shelves Thai Links". The Age.
- Walker, Frank (2001-07-22). "The ties that bind". Sunday Life (The Sun-Herald). p. 16. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- Bate, Weston (1990). Light blue down under: The history of Geelong Grammar School. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-553106-0.
- Collins Persse, Well-Ordered Liberty, Cliffe, Melbourne, 1995
- Corfield, Geelong Grammarians: A biographical register, G.G.S., 1996
- Geelong Grammar School Quarterly 1877–1913
- The Corian 1914–2007