Geelong Ring Road

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Geelong Ring Road
Victoria
Geelong Ring Road section 2 2009.jpg
Looking south from the Midland Highway along section 2 towards the Lewis Bandt Bridge and Waurn Ponds
General information
Type Freeway
Length 27 km (17 mi)
Opened 2008
Route number(s)
  • (2008-present)
  • Entire route
Major junctions
NE end
 
SW end
Location(s)
Major suburbs / towns Lovely Banks, Bell Post Hill, Hamlyn Heights, Fyansford, Wandana Heights, Waurn Ponds
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in Victoria

The Geelong Ring Road (formerly known as the Geelong Bypass and the Geelong Outer Freeway) is a freeway ring road in Australia that extends for 27 km (17 mi) beside Geelong's western suburbs from the Princes Freeway at Corio to the Princes Highway at Waurn Ponds.[1] It also connects to the Midland Highway towards Ballarat, and the Hamilton Highway. Sections one and two were officially opened 14 December 2008, with section three on 14 June 2009. Section four recently opened in January 2013 extending to the Princes Highway at Mount Moriac, which now avoids the narrow and windy road from Waurn Ponds towards Winchelsea.[2]

History[edit]

One of the first plans for a ring road of Geelong dates back to 7 March 1969, when a report was released by the then Geelong Regional Planning Authority. It said that the ring road could be delayed for up to 15 years.[3]

In the mid-1970s the Geelong Regional Planning Authority sponsored the Geelong Transportation Plan, which canvassed a number of options for major road construction in the area. One was for a north-south freeway along the line of Latrobe Terrace, though Geelong West and Chilwell, and another was for Aberdeen Street to be upgraded into a major road with the acquisition of 99 houses.[3] Any freeway construction through the suburbs of the city was vetoed after residents objections. The final plan advocated the construction of what became the Geelong Ring Road, although it also proposed that Latrobe Terrace become a 4-lane arterial road.[4]

In 1979 a Melbourne firm carry out acoustic testing at Wandana Heights to ascertain the impact of a freeway.[3] The alignment was finalised in 1979 and appeared as a proposed freeway in the Melway street directory for a number of years.

Growing traffic volumes through the centre of Geelong led to Latrobe Terrace being converted into a major arterial road in early 1989, with the construction of a bridge over the Geelong-Melbourne railway line at its northern end, and the James Harrison Bridge over the Barwon River at its southern end.[5]

Sections[edit]

The project was renamed the Geelong Ring Road on 20 February 2007. [6]

Construction on the Geelong Ring Road began in early 2006 with the freeway section to Waurn Ponds scheduled for completion in 2009. A total of $384 million from the Victorian and Federal Governments was committed initially to fund the first three sections of the project.

The Geelong Ring Road (freeway type) is to be constructed in three sections as follows; with all three under construction:

There was much local debate on the proposed route for Section 3.[10] The final decision was made on 7 July 2006, while construction commenced in September 2007.[11] There will be no toll when the Geelong Ring Road opens to traffic.

Map detailing the planned route of the Geelong Ring Road (green dotted line).
  • Section 4: split into three sub-sections; with planning underway:
  • Stage 4A (Connection from Geelong Ring Road to Anglesea Road)
  • Stage 4B (Connection from Anglesea Road - Princes Highway West)
  • Stage 4C (Surf Coast Highway connection)

In October 2007, during the 2007 Federal election campaign the Labor party promised $107.5 million for the fourth stage of the road. It was made up of $45 million for stage 4B, on top of their promise made in September for $62.5 million towards Stage 4A.[12] In May 2008 stages 4A and 4B were given the go ahead, with State Premier John Brumby announcing $65 million in funding for stage 4B, in addition to earlier State Government funding of $63 million for stage 4A. Running from the Princes Highway at Waurn Ponds; it will run from Anglesea Road near Hams Road, through the Blue Circle Quarry to the Princes Highway, near Draytons Road.

On 17 December 2008 a $62 million contract was awarded to Fulton Hogan to design and build section 4A of the ring road to Anglesea Road.[13]

The State and Federal Governments have also each committed $110 million to duplicate the Princes Highway to Winchelsea.[14] An extra stage connecting the road to the Surf Coast Highway is also being investigated, but the Government has not put a timeframe on when a final decision will be made.[15]

A shared bicycle and pedestrian pathway will be also be built along the freeway from Broderick Road, Corio to Church Street, Hamlyn Heights.[16] Built at a cost of $4 million, the trail will not connect into the Geelong bicycle network, due to a short missing link between Church Street and the Fyansford Common.[17]

Construction[edit]

Geelong Ring Road under construction in 2007 at Bell Post Hill.
Lewis Bandt Bridge over the Moorabool River under construction in 2007
Lewis Bandt Bridge under construction in 2007

Sections 1 and 2

The design and construction contract for the 10.5 km long[18] section 1 was awarded to Abigroup Contractors in November 2005 for $134.8 million.[16] Construction work commenced on 17 February 2006. Section 2 was delivered via two separate design and construction contracts. The contract for 4.5 km of freeway was awarded to Cut and Fill Pty Ltd for $31.7 million, while FRH (now Fulton Hogan) won the $15.5 million contract for the Moorabool River bridges. Construction work on section two commenced on 27 September 2006.[16]

The Creamery Road overpass in Bell Post Hill was the first major element of the project to be opened in January 2007 (a number of minor access road deviations had been completed earlier). The Broderick Road overpass was opened in November 2007.[19] The 200m long bridges over the Moorabool River, the largest on the project, had the final span installed on 6 March 2008. The bridges contain 70 beams and have 12 piers.[20]

In 2007 VicRoads said that section one was to be completed by February 2008, but by that time completion had been pushed out to the middle of 2008.[21] By this time earth works were completed on stage two, with 700,000 cubic metres of earth moved, and installation of noise walls had started along with landscaping.

By May 2008 completion of stages one and two of the road has been delayed until November, with VicRoads staying that "wet and cold weather in recent weeks had prevented sealing the road surface". At this time the Victorian Government permitted the filming of a plane crash scene from the Nicolas Cage film Knowing on the incomplete road at Corio.[22]

Local police expressed concerns about a staged opening of the road, with drivers using temporary shortcuts not suited to heavy traffic and large vehicles.[23]

Construction on sections 1 and 2 reached practical completion when the road opened to traffic on 14 December 2008.

Section 3

The $108.3 million design and construction contract for section 3 was awarded on 25 July 2007 to Abigroup Contractors. Section three works include 7.5 kilometres of freeway, the transportation of 4.7 million cubic metres of earth, and twin 110 metre long bridges over the Barwon River.[24] Construction of section 3 commenced on 14 September 2007.[25]

By February 2008 550,000 cubic metres of earth had been moved to the north and south of Barrabool Road, and the foundation works for the arch structure over Wandana Drive were complete.[21] Section three was originally scheduled for completion in the second half of 2009[26] however it was announced in early June 2009 that section three would open 6 months early on 14 June 2009.[27]

Section 4A

The design and construction contract for section 4A was awarded to Fulton Hogan on 16 December 2008 for $61.7 million. Construction began in March 2009 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2010.[28]

Opening[edit]

Section one from Corio to the Midland Highway at Bell Post Hill, and section two from the Midland Highway to the Hamilton Highway at Fyansford were officially opened on Sunday, 14 December 2008.[29] Two days of torrential rain beforehand threatened to disrupt the opening,[30] however it went ahead as planned after a cessation of the storm.[31] Section three, from the Hamilton Highway to the Princes Highway at Waurn Ponds is expected to open in December 2009. These first two sections were opened by Victorian Premier John Brumby,[32] who announced the naming of the feature bridge on stage two of the road as the "Lewis Bandt Bridge", in honour of the Ford Australia engineer who is credited as the inventor of the Utility vehicle, in Geelong.[33]

Section 3 opened on 14 June 2009.[27][34]

Sections 4A and 4B opened in January 2013.

Economic benefits[edit]

The freeway will save fuel and travel time for commuters and cargo trucks.

The completion of the Geelong Ring Road is expected to bring large economic benefits to the region. Approximately 582 hectares of land west of the road has been identified for use as new industrial land,[35] however resistance from nearby residents in the Lovely Banks area to two proposed service station developments has cast some cloud over future development.

Criticism[edit]

Some opponents of the construction of the Geelong Ring Road feared that the inclusion of the road in the local Geelong roads ecosystem would have adversely affected the environmental conditions in the Geelong area. One point made was that it would "generate millions of tons of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide pollution in the Geelong and Corio Bay region".

More likely however is that the overall difference would not be significant, as traffic that would previously have travelled through the centre of Geelong via the main Melbourne Road/Latrobe Terrace/James Harrison Bridge/Settlement Road/High Street/Princes Highway West corridor, would now travel via the Geelong Ring Road, improving the environmental condition for the majority of Geelong residents, by removing that traffic from the most heavily populated areas of the city. There has been no environmental study that shows that the construction of the Geelong Ring Road would adversely affect the environment.

The loss of amenity experienced by residents in the immediate vicinity of the freeway corridor due to the severing of a number of local roads was also a source of criticism, but most of these roads have been reconnected via upgraded existing roads, or the addition of new roads.

The main opposition to this project had nothing to do with environmental issues.[citation needed] In 1991 VicRoads undertook its own study and decided to abandon plans to utilise the Section 3 route in favour of a bypass from Avalon Road across Corio Bay to Point Henry and then along the Barwon River valley to the Surf Coast Highway, Anglesea Road and Princes Highway West.[citation needed]

As a result of VicRoads decision the freeway reservation south of Princes Highway West to the Anglesea Road was abandoned and was developed as residential allotments with the approval of VicRoads and South Barwon Council.

Over the next 11 years many people built houses along the route especially from Wandana Drive to the Princes Highway West. Then in 2001 the Victorian Government initiated a project to investigate options for a Geelong Bypass. It involved a steering committee, technical committee and Community consultation committee. After 18 months the expectations based on information provided to participants was that the VicRoads preferred route would be recommended. To the surprise of almost all[citation needed] Westconnect - the route to the west of Geelong including the abandoned Section 3[citation needed] was recommended. Much later it was found that someone had re-costed the eastern route as a full 2 lanes each way freeway construction - even though such a construction was not warranted[citation needed] - and that re-costing made the eastern route uneconomic.[citation needed]

Immediately opposition was generated by those who had built close to the Ring Road reservation. VicRoads proposes 4 alternate routes with the result that further opposition was generated from people located close to Options 2 and 3.

In May 2005 during negotiations between Planning Panels Victoria and VicRoads over an environmental Effects process, Planning Panels requested VicRoads minimise the Options to be considered. VicRoads obliged by reducing the Options to 1 and 2, even though Option 3 was the best Option. As a result during the EES process a huge amount of pressure was put on the Planning Panel[citation needed] in respect of consideration of Option 3 but they only agreed to consider it if neither 1 or 2 satisfied the criteria being considered.[citation needed] In its recommendation, in spite of neither Option 1 or 2 satisfying the criteria. Planning Panels recommended Option 1 plus an urgent need to consider further work to overcome the problems with Option 1 including the fact it ended in the middle of a commercial area with nowhere to go to connect to Anglesea Road et cetera.

As a result the estimated cost of the route to Anglesea Road and then around to Princes Highway West is $618 nillion - about $200 nillion more than Option 3 plus a connection to Anglesea Road would have cost.[citation needed] In addition the fact that the route is 3 km longer than Option 1, that most freight traffic comes from the west,[citation needed] and the route requires trucks to negotiate slopes down into the Waurn Ponds Valley and then back out again[citation needed] means the additional cost to users is around $10 million per annum.[citation needed] Finally around 360 households are located within 160 metres of the Ring Road and subject to noise and diesel engine particulate matter pollution whereas with the Option 3 route only 10 houses would have been within 160 metres.[citation needed]

Exits and Interchanges[edit]

Looking south along section 3 from the Hamilton Highway, towards the Barwon River crossing and the climb over the Barrabool Hills
Descending from Barrabool Road, looking south towards Waurn Ponds
Geelong Ring Road
Northbound exits Distance to
Melbourne
(km)
Distance to
Colac
(km)
Southbound exits
End Geelong Ring Road
continues as Princes Freeway West
to Melbourne
Avalon / Melbourne Airport
64 89 Start Geelong Ring Road
from Princes Freeway West
Bacchus Marsh, Corio
Bacchus Marsh Road
67 86 Corio, Bacchus Marsh
Bacchus Marsh Road
Anakie, Norlane
Anakie Road
70 83 Norlane, Anakie
Anakie Road
Ballarat, Geelong
Midland Highway
73 80 Geelong, Ballarat
Midland Highway
Hamilton, Geelong
Hamilton Highway
78 75 Geelong, Hamilton
Hamilton Highway
Ceres, Belmont
Barrabool Road
82 71 Belmont, Ceres
Barrabool Road
no exit 85 68 Waurn Ponds, Grovedale
Colac Road
Waurn Ponds, Geelong
Colac Road
87 66 no exit
To Great Ocean Road
Anglesea
Anglesea Road
88 65 To Great Ocean Road
Anglesea
Anglesea Road
Start Geelong Ring Road
from Princes Highway
91 62 End Geelong Ring Road
continues as Princes Highway
to Colac and Warrnambool

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ VicRoads - Geelong Ring Road route map
  2. ^ VicRoads - Geelong Ring Road update
  3. ^ a b c Begg, Peter (1990). Geelong - The First 150 Years. Globe Press. ISBN 0-9592863-5-7. 
  4. ^ Geelong Transportation Plan, Public Discussion Paper No 3, Transportation. Geelong: Geelong Regional Planning Authority. January 1975. p. 157. 
  5. ^ "Rail Geelong: Latrobe Terrace". Retrieved 1 July 2007. 
  6. ^ VicRoads - Geelong Bypass Renamed Geelong Ring Road
  7. ^ VicRoads - Section 1 map
  8. ^ VicRoads - Section 2 map
  9. ^ VicRoads - Section 3 map
  10. ^ VicRoads - Section 3 Facts
  11. ^ "Costello, Brumby launch Geelong road stage". ABC News. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  12. ^ "ALP commits $107.5m to Geelong Ring Road". The Age. www.theage.com.au. 19 October 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  13. ^ Rebecca Tucker (17 December 2008). "New Geelong Ring Road contract awarded". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 17 December 2008. 
  14. ^ Jeff Whalley (9 May 2008). "Ring road will be connected to duplicated Princes Highway". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  15. ^ Daniel Breen (10 May 2008). "Ring of confidence over new stage of Geelong Ring Road". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  16. ^ a b c "GEELONG BYPASS SECTION 2 OFFICIALLY LAUNCHED". Media Release: MINISTER FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT. www.legislation.vic.gov.au. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  17. ^ Bicycle Victoria. "Geelong Bypass Project". www.bv.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  18. ^ "AusLink Projects: Geelong Ring Road". www.auslink.gov.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  19. ^ Lauren Pike (28 November 2007). "Ring road takes first steps". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  20. ^ Jeff Whalley (7 March 2008). "MPs crane their necks to see the ring road milestone". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  21. ^ a b Jeff Whalley (15 February 2008). "Building bridges over ring road delay". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  22. ^ "Geelong filming of Nicholas Cage movie delayed". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  23. ^ Clive Dorman (2 May 2008). "Top traffic cop has reservations about partial opening of Geelong ring road". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  24. ^ "GEELONG RING ROAD SET FOR STAGE 3". Media Release: MINISTER FOR ROADS AND PORTS. www.legislation.vic.gov.au. 25 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  25. ^ "GREEN LIGHT FOR NEXT STAGE OF GEELONG RING ROAD". Media Release: OFFICE OF THE PREMIER. www.legislation.vic.gov.au. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  26. ^ Clive Dorman (8 May 2008). "Geelong Ring Road slowed down by impending Winter". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  27. ^ a b Jeff Whalley (5 June 2009). "Ring road set to open June 14". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  28. ^ "WORKS START ON NEXT STAGE OF GEELONG RING ROAD". Media Release: OFFICE OF THE PREMIER. www.premier.vic.gov.au. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2009. 
  29. ^ "Geelong Ring Road: Open To The Public". YouTube. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  30. ^ "Rain Cancels Ring Road Family Day". Geelong Advertiser. 13 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  31. ^ "Green Light for Geelong Advertiser Ring Road Ride-Run". Geelong Advertiser. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  32. ^ "Ring Road Open for Business". Geelong Advertiser. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  33. ^ "Brumby Declares Geelong Ring Road Open". Geelong Advertiser. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 
  34. ^ Jeff Whalley (15 June 2009). "Joy for Geelong commuters as ring road stage three opens". Geelong Advertiser. www.geelongadvertiser.com.au. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  35. ^ "Geelong in slow lane over ring road jobs". Geelong Advertiser. 14 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 

External links[edit]