Geerite

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Geerite
General
Category Sulfide mineral
Formula
(repeating unit)
Cu8S5
Strunz classification 02.BA.05c
Crystal symmetry Trigonal rhombohedral
Space group: R3m
Unit cell a = 3.83 Å, c = 46.84 Å; Z = 1
Identification
Formula mass 668.70 g
Color Bluish white in reflected light
Crystal habit Platy - sheet forms (e.g. micas), pseudocubic
Crystal system Trigonal
Mohs scale hardness 3.5-4
Luster Metallic
Diaphaneity Opaque
Specific gravity 5.61
Pleochroism Weak
References [1][2][3]

Geerite is a copper sulfide mineral with the chemical formula Cu8S5. The mineral is named after the original collector, Adam Geer, of Utica, New York, USA.

Crystallography[edit]

Geerite is in the crystal class 3. This means that the crystal could be inverted and then rotated by 120 degrees to return to its original position. The optical class of geerite is unknown. Geerite is anisotropic which means that it will show interference colors when it is rotated in cross polarized light and that the mineral has different properties in different directions

Discovery and occurrence[edit]

It was first described in 1980 for an occurrence as thin coatings or platelets replacing sphalerite in the type locality in De Kalb Township, Saint Lawrence County, New York. It also occurs in a magnetitechromite a serpentinite-hosted deposit in Eretria, Greece.[2] It occurs associated with spionkopite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, chalcopyrite, malachite, azurite, brochantite, chrysocolla, cervantite, stibiconite, hemimorphite and calcite in the type locality; and with spionkopite, chalcopyrite, cobaltian pentlandite, magnetite, chromite, andradite, chlorite, diopside in the Eretria deposit.[2] It has also been reported from a variety of locations worldwide, including the Logatchev-1 hydrothermal field along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex.[1]

It has been used to study crystal structure and bonding in copper sulfides.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]