Geeta Dutt

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Geeta Dutt
Birth name Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhury
Born (1930-11-23)November 23, 1930
Faridpur, Bangladesh
Died July 20, 1972(1972-07-20) (aged 41)
Occupations Playback singer
Instruments Vocalist
Years active 1946–1971
Website http://www.geetadutt.com/

Geetā Dutt (born Geetā Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri) (23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972[1] ) was a prominent singer in India, born in Faridpur before the Partition of India. She found particular prominence as a playback singer in Hindi cinema. She also sang many modern Bengali songs.

Early life[edit]

Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri was one of 10 children born in the rich Zamindar family of Debendranath Ghosh Roy Chowdhary and Amiya Devi, at Faridpur in Bengal, British India, now in Bangladesh. Her family shifted to Calcutta in early forties, leaving behind their land and properties. In 1942, her parents shifted again to an apartment in Dādar, Bombay. Geeta was only twelve at that time and continued her schooling at the Bengali High School.[1]

Career[edit]

K. Hanuman Prasad took Geeta under his patronage, trained and groomed her in singing and later launched her into singing in the movies. In 1946, she got the first break when she got an opportunity to sing in mythological film Bhakta Prahlad (1946 film) for which Prasad was the music director. She was given only two lines to sing in the movie for a few songs. She was just sixteen at that time. But those two lines mesmerized everyone in the recording studio.

Ab jaani re pehchaani re

Suno suno vintee hamaari

Suno suno hari ki leela

Jaag uthe hum jaag uthe

In 1947, she got her break with Do Bhai.

In the same year, she also sang for Hunuman Prasad's other releases.

  • Naino Ki Pyali Se Hoto Ki Madira (Rasili)
  • Neha Lagake Mukh Mod Gayaa (Rasili)
  • Aaja ri Nindiya Aaja - a lullaby alongside the already established playback singer Parul Ghosh (Nai Maa)

Personal life[edit]

During Geeta's recording of songs for the movie Baazi, she met the movie's young and upcoming director, Guru Dutt. Their romance culminated in marriage on 26 May 1953. Geeta went on to sing some of her best songs in his movies while continuing to sing in various other assignments as well.

Geeta and Guru Dutt had three children: Tarun (b. 1954), Arun (b. 1956), and Ninā (b. 1962).Tarun committed suicide in 1985.

In 1957, Guru Dutt launched a movie, Gauri, with Geeta as its singing star. It was to be India's first movie in Cinemascope, but the project was shelved after only a few days of shooting. By then, their marriage was on the rocks, Guru Dutt had got romantically involved with Waheeda Rehman, and Geeta had taken to drinking. The breakup of their marriage affected Geeta's singing career.

In 1958, S.D. Burman had developed discord with Lata Mangeshkar as a playback singer, and he attempted to work with Geeta as the main singer of his compositions rather than the upcoming Asha Bhosle, who, he felt, was relatively raw. However, out of her personal problems, Geeta would not practice her art sufficiently, and failed to meet Burman's demanding standards. (He, and O.P. Nayyar too, then started to work with Asha and helped her blossom as a singer.)

In 1964, Guru Dutt died from a combination of alcohol and an overdose of sleeping pills. (His death was widely perceived as a suicide following two earlier attempts.[2]) Geeta then suffered a serious nervous breakdown, and also ran into financial problems. She tried to resume her singing career, cutting discs at Durgā Pujā, and giving stage shows. She also performed in a leading role in a Bengali movie, Badhu Baran (1967), and sang admirably for a movie, Anubhav (1971), which turned out to be her final performance to the music of Kanu Roy as she died of liver cirrhosis in 1972, at the age of 41.[3]

Death[edit]

Geeta died of cirrhosis of the liver on 20 July 1972 Mumbai.

Notable songs[edit]

She is supposed to have sung over 1200 songs in Hindi films. In addition she has also sung songs in many Indian regional languages including Marathi, Bengali, Maithili, Bhojpuri and Punjabi.She has also sung in Nepali evergreen movie "Maitighar"[4]

Some of the songs sung under S.D. Burman's direction:[5]

  • Mera sundar sapna beet gaya (Do bhai - 1947 )[6]
  • Woh sapne waali raat (Pyaar - 1950)
  • Tadbir se bigdi hui taqdeer (Baazi - 1951)
  • Aan milo aan milo (Devdas - 1955 ) with Manna Dey
  • Aaj sajan mohe ang lagalo (Pyaasa - 1957)
  • Hum aap ke aankhon main (Pyaasa - 1957)
  • Hawa dhire aana (Sujata - 1959)
  • Waqt ne kiya kya haseen sitam (Kaagaz Ke Phool - 1959)

Some of the songs sung under O.P. Nayyar's direction:[7]

Some of the songs sung under Hemant Kumar's direction [8]

Madan Mohan's direction

For movie Anubhav (1971)

  • Mujhe jaan nah kaho meri jaan (Anubhav - 1971) Music: Kanu Roy
  • Mera dil jo mera hota (Anubhav - 1971) Music: Kanu Roy
  • Koi chupke se aake (Anubhav - 1971) Music: Kanu Roy

Several songs from Jogan (1950 film):

  • Ghunghat Ke Pat Khol
  • Mein Tou Girdhar Ke Ghar Jaon
  • Mat Ja Mat Ja Jogi
  • Dag Mag Dag Mag Dole Naiya
  • Mein Tou Prem Diwani

Some Bengali songs:[10]

  • 'Shachimata go char juge hai' (1950)
  • 'Ekhan-o dustar lajja' (1952)
  • 'Ei Sundar Swarnali Sandhyay' (Hospital, 1960; Music: Amal Mukherjee)
  • 'Katha achhe tumi aj asbe (Kanu Ghosh 1960)
  • 'Ei Mayabi Tithi' (Shonar Horin, 1959; Music: Hemant Mukherjee)
  • 'Tumi Je Amar' [11] (Harano Sur, 1958; Music: Hemant Kumar)
  • 'Nishiraat Banka Chand Aakashe' (Prithibi Aamare Chaay, 1957; Music: Nachiketa Ghosh)
  • 'Jhanak Jhanak Kanak Kankan baaje'

Government recognition[edit]

A postage stamp, bearing her face, was released by India Post to honour her on 3 May 2013.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Some family members of Geeta Dutts are living in Kolkata Assam Delhi Late.Dr. Sachindra Nath Roy Chowdhury & Family