Geghama mountains

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Gegham Ridge
Gegham from space.jpg
Geghama from space
Elevation 3,597 m (11,801 ft)
Location Armenia
Coordinates 40°16′30″N 44°45′00″E / 40.275°N 44.75°E / 40.275; 44.75Coordinates: 40°16′30″N 44°45′00″E / 40.275°N 44.75°E / 40.275; 44.75
Type Volcanic field
Last eruption 1900 BCE ± 1000 years
Geghama Mountains.jpg

The Geghama mountains (or Ghegam Ridge (variously transcribed into English as Gegam, Ghegam, Gegham, Ghegham, ISO 9985: Geġam)), Armenian: Գեղամա լեռնաշղթա (Gyeghama lyernashxt'a) are mountains in Armenia. is a tableland-type watershed basin of Sevan Lake from east, inflows of rivers Araks and Hrazdan from north and west, Azat and Vedi rivers from south-west and Arpachai river from south. The average elevation of the Geghama mountain range is near 2500m. The range is of volcanic origin including many extinct volcanoes. The range is 70 km length and 48 km width, and stretch between Lake Sevan and the Ararat plain. The highest peak of the Geghama mountains is the Azhdahak, at 3597m. They are formed by a volcanic field, containing Pleistocene-to-Holocene lava domes and cinder cones.

The highest point is the volcano Azhdahak, elevation - 3597.3m above sea level, in the western part of the range. There is a lake in the crater of the volcano Azhdahak that is formed from melting snow.

Bird fauna of Geghama Mountain Range includes about 250 species, what makes 70% of all Armenia’s avifauna.

The South-Eastern slopes of Geghama mountains go across the legendary Khosrov forest in the basin of the Khorov River.

Rock carvings[edit]

A great number of petroglyphs - rock-carvings has been found in the area of Geghama Mountains. Most images depict men in scenes of hunting and fighting, and astronomical bodies and phenomena: the Sun, the Moon, constellations, the stellar sky, lightning, etc.[citation needed]

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