Gelati Monastery

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Gelati Monastery
გელათის მონასტერი
Gelati 1661.jpg
The monastic complex of Gelati
Gelati Monastery is located in Georgia (country)
Gelati Monastery
Shown within Georgia
Basic information
Location Kutaisi, Imereti Province (Mkhare), Georgia
Geographic coordinates 42°17′50″N 42°45′40″E / 42.2972°N 42.7611°E / 42.2972; 42.7611Coordinates: 42°17′50″N 42°45′40″E / 42.2972°N 42.7611°E / 42.2972; 42.7611
Affiliation Georgian Orthodox Church
Region Caucasus
Architectural description
Architectural type Georgian; Monastery
Founder David IV of Georgia ("David the Builder")
Completed Church of the Virgin, 1106;
Churches of St. George and St. Nicholas, 13th century
Official name: Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery
Type: Cultural
Criteria: iv
Designated: 1994 (18th session)
Reference No. 710
Region: Europe
Endangered: 2010–present

Gelati (Georgian: გელათის მონასტერი) is a monastic complex near Kutaisi, Imereti, western Georgia. It contains the Church of the Virgin founded by the King of Georgia David the Builder in 1106, and the 13th-century churches of St George and St Nicholas.

The Gelati Monastery for a long time was one of the main cultural and intellectual centers in Georgia. It had an Academy which employed some of the most celebrated Georgian scientists, theologians and philosophers, many of whom had previously been active at various orthodox monasteries abroad, one of which was the Mangan Academy in Constantinople. Among the scientists were such celebrated scholars as Ioane Petritsi and Arsen Ikaltoeli.

Due to the extensive work carried out by the Gelati Academy, people of the time called it "a new Hellas" and "a second Athos".[citation needed]

The Gelati Monastery has preserved a great number of murals and manuscripts dating back to the 12th to 17th centuries. The Khakhuli triptych was enshrined at Gelati until being stolen in 1859.

In Gelati is buried one of the greatest Georgian kings, David the Builder. Near his grave are the gates of Ganja, which were taken as trophies by king Demetrius I in 1138.

In 1994, Gelati Monastery was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The site was included in the 2008 World Monuments Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites by the World Monuments Fund to draw attention to deterioration caused by prolonged neglect.[1]

Burials[edit]

Gallery[edit]

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External links[edit]

Adapted from the Wikinfo article Gelati Monastery by Levan Urushadze, licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.