|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
|Province of the Netherlands|
|Anthem: Ons Gelderland|
|• King's Commissioner||Clemens Cornielje|
|• Land||4,971.76 km2 (1,919.61 sq mi)|
|• Water||164.75 km2 (63.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||6th|
|ISO 3166 code||NL-GE|
|Religion (1999)||31% Protestant, 29% Catholic|
Historically, the province (area) dates from states of the Holy Roman Empire and takes its name from the nearby German city of Geldern.
The capital city is Arnhem. The two other major cities, Nijmegen and Apeldoorn are very similarly sized, with them both having a few thousand more inhabitants. Other major regional centers in Gelderland are Ede, Doetinchem, Zutphen, Tiel, Wageningen and Zevenaar.
Gelderland is the largest province of the Netherlands.
The current province of Gelderland covers about the area of three-quarters of the historical Duchy of Guelders. Guelders was a county in the late 11th century and then a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire, including parts of the present-day Dutch province of Limburg and the German district of Kleve (Cleves). Geldern, the original seat of the dukes, today is in Kleve, Germany. In 1543, Gelderland became one of the Seventeen Provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands, though not one of the richer or more densely populated provinces. During World War II, it saw heavy fighting between Allied Paratroopers, British XXX Corps and the German II SS Panzer Corps, also known as the Battle of Arnhem.
Gelderland can roughly be divided into four geographical regions: the Veluwe in the north, Rivierenland in the southwest, the Achterhoek (literally meaning the "back corner") or Graafschap (which originally means earldom or county) in the east and the city-region Arnhem - Nijmegen.
Currently, the municipalities in Gelderland are as follows:
- Millingen aan de Rijn
- Oost Gelre
- Oude IJsselstreek
- West Maas en Waal
The following municipalities were abolished on 1 January 2005; see further (in Dutch) for more detailed information on these changes.
These municipalities were merged with neighbouring ones:
- Angerlo was merged into Zevenaar
- Dinxperlo was merged into Aalten
- Gorssel was merged into Lochem
- Lichtenvoorde was merged into Groenlo (renamed Oost Gelre in 2006)
- Warnsveld was merged into Zutphen
- Wehl was merged into Doetinchem
These municipalities were merged and given a new name:
- Borculo, Eibergen, Neede, and Ruurlo became Berkelland
- Hengelo, Hummelo en Keppel, Steenderen, Vorden, and Zelhem became Bronckhorst
- Bergh and Didam became Montferland
- Gendringen and Wisch became Oude IJsselstreek
- Achterhoek, a region within the province of Gelderland
- Betuwe, a region within the province of Gelderland
- Linge, a river in Gelderland
- Veluwe, a region within the province of Gelderland
|Utrecht||North Rhine-Westphalia (DE)|
|South Holland||North Brabant||Limburg|