Gelendzhik

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Gelendzhik (English)
Геленджик (Russian)
-  Town  -
Gelendzhik Administration IMG 8179 1725.jpg
Gelendzhik town administration building
Map of Russia - Krasnodar Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Gelendzhik is located in Krasnodar Krai
Gelendzhik
Gelendzhik
Location of Gelendzhik in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: 44°33′N 38°05′E / 44.550°N 38.083°E / 44.550; 38.083Coordinates: 44°33′N 38°05′E / 44.550°N 38.083°E / 44.550; 38.083
Coat of Arms of Gelendzhik (Krasnodar krai).png
Flag of Gelendzhik (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai
Administratively subordinated to Town of Gelendzhik[1]
Administrative center of Town of Gelendzhik[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Gelendzhik Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Gelendzhik Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Viktor Khrestin[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 54,980 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 302nd
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1831[citation needed]
Town status since 1915[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 353460–353497
Dialing code(s) +7 86141[citation needed]
Official website
Gelendzhik on WikiCommons

Gelendzhik (Russian: Геленджи́к) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Gelendzhik Bay of the Black Sea, between Novorossiysk (31 kilometers (19 mi) to the northwest) and Tuapse (93 kilometers (58 mi) to the southeast). Greater Gelendzhik sprawls for 102 kilometers (63 mi) along the coastline and covers an area of 122,754 hectares (303,330 acres), although only 1,926 hectares (4,760 acres) fall within the boundaries of Gelendzhik proper. Population: 54,980 (2010 Census);[3] 50,012 (2002 Census);[6] 47,711 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

In antiquity, the Gelendzhik Bay was the site of a minor Greek outpost, mentioned as Torikos in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax. It is unknown to Hellenistic sources, but reappears in Roman ones under the name of Pagrae in 64 BCE.[8] The colony was wiped out by the invading Huns, which were succeeded by the Zygii soon after. During the Middle Ages, the bay was of some mercantile importance to the Genoese traders who referred to the seaside village as Maurolaca.

Before Russia secured the coast by the Treaty of Adrianople (1829), a brisk slave trade had been carried on between the mountaineers and the Ottoman Empire. Since the Circassian beauties were usually traded for gold and other commodities before being taken to Turkish seraglios, the market place became known as "Gelendzhik" (from "gelincik"), literally, "little bride" in Turkish Language. In 1831, one of the first forts of the Black Sea Coastal Line was set up at Gelendzhik.[citation needed] At the outbreak of the Crimean War the fort had to be blown up and abandoned, but it was resettled by the Cossacks in 1864, at the conclusion of the Russian-Circassian War, and became known as the stanitsa of Gelendzhiksaya. Town status was granted to Gelendzhik in 1915.[citation needed]

During the Soviet period, Gelendzhik was developed as a spa. It possesses sand beaches, three waterparks, two aerial tramway lines, and two Orthodox churches (from 1909 and 1913, respectively). The environs of Gelendzhik are noted for a chain of waterfalls, an outcrop of dolmens, two extremely ancient pine and juniper groves, and the Sail Rock, located 17 kilometers (11 mi) from the town's central area. The coastal village of Arkhipo-Osipovka, administrated from Gelendzhik, contains the terminus of the Blue Stream gas pipeline. An annual hydroaviasalon is held in Gelendzhik since 1996.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Gelendzhik is a cooler humid subtropical (Köppen climate classification Cfa) closely bordering an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Winters are mild, and snowfall is light. Summers are hot with warm evenings.

Climate data for Gelendzhik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.7
(45.9)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.5
(65.3)
23.1
(73.6)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
22.9
(73.2)
17.9
(64.2)
12.5
(54.5)
9.2
(48.6)
16.4
(61.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.7
(40.5)
7.3
(45.1)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
19.9
(67.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
19.2
(66.6)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
6.4
(43.5)
13.2
(55.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
1.7
(35.1)
4.3
(39.7)
8.4
(47.1)
12.4
(54.3)
16.8
(62.2)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
15.4
(59.7)
10.7
(51.3)
6.3
(43.3)
3.5
(38.3)
10.0
(50)
Precipitation mm (inches) 40.4
(1.591)
31.8
(1.252)
32.3
(1.272)
30.7
(1.209)
31.6
(1.244)
47.2
(1.858)
31.8
(1.252)
22.1
(0.87)
31.4
(1.236)
38.7
(1.524)
45.6
(1.795)
60.1
(2.366)
443.7
(17.469)
Source: climatebase.ru[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with twenty rural localities, incorporated as the Town of Gelendzhik—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Gelendzhik is incorporated as Gelendzhik Urban Okrug.[2]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Gelendzhik is a twin town of:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c Law #668-KZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ A tiny Greek settlement excavated in Gelendzhik has been identified by some researchers with Torikos. Pagrae was described as an eastern limit of the Bosporan Kingdom. The record of these settlements is so fragmentary that it is impossible to make sound conclusions. See: Онайко Н.А., Архаический Торик. Античный город на северо-востоке Понта. Moscow, 1980.
  9. ^ "Climatebase". Retrieved June 28, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Town twinning". www.blythvalley.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  11. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №668-КЗ от 10 марта 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город-курорт Геленджик и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №37–38, 13 марта 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #668-KZ of March 10, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Gelendzhik and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).