|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|Population||764 (December 2007)|
|- Density||198 /km2 (513 /sq mi)|
|Area||3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||472 m (1,549 ft)|
|Surrounded by||Hitzkirch, Hohenrain, Lieli, Retschwil, Römerswil, Sulz|
Profile (German), SFSO statistics
Gelfingen is first mentioned in 1045 as Gelvingun.
Gelfingen has an area of 3.9 km2 (1.5 sq mi). Of this area, 64.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 9.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located below Schloss Heidegg on Lake Baldegg. On 21 May 2006 an attempt to merge the Hitzkirch and the surrounding 10 municipalities failed, when five of the eleven voted against the merger. A less ambitious merger was then proposed and accepted, with the municipalities of Gelfingen, Hämikon, Mosen, Müswangen, Retschwil and Sulz joining Hitzkirch.
Gelfingen has a population (as of 2007[update]) of 764, of which 5.4% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 20.3%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (94.1%), with English being second most common ( 1.4%) and Portuguese being third ( 1.0%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 35.4% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 56.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 8.3%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Gelfingen about 77.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Gelfingen has an unemployment rate of 1.21%. As of 2005[update], there were 62 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 17 businesses involved in this sector. 18 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 65 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 19 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
- Gelfingen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 18-Aug-2009
- "Die Fusion im Hitzkirchertal kommt nicht zustande – fünf Gemeinden sagen nein – auch Hitzkirch" (Press release) (in German). Kanton Luzern, Staatskanzlei. 21 May 2006. Retrieved 18 August 2009.
- Canton of Lucerne, Office of Municipalities (German) accessed 18 August 2009
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